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Study Material for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics II Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy
Class 10 Social Science students should refer to the following Pdf for Democratic Politics II Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy in standard 10. These notes and test paper with questions and answers for Grade 10 Social Science will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks
Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics II Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy
Question. What should be the basic outcome of democracy?
Answer : a) It produces a government that is accountable to citizens
b) Responsive to the needs and Expectations of the citizens.
Question. What are the basic elements of democracy?
Answer : a. Have formal constitutions
d.Guarantee rights of citizens
Question. Why democracy better than dictatorship or any other alternative?
Answer : It is because democracy promotes equality among citizens.
Question. What is the meaning of concept outcomes?
Answer : results--- success or failures of democracy.
Question. In which country democracy is not preferred over dictatorship?
Answer : Pakistan
Question. How can you say that democracies are based on political equality?
Answer : a) Multi parties are allowed to take part in the election and form government imported to power.
b)All the adult members have the right to vote.
Question. What is the status of economic growth under dictatorial government?
Answer : It is slightly better than democratic setup.
Question. Name any one country which is suffering from great economic in equality.
Question. Why decisions are delayed in Democracy?
Answer : Decisions are taken after debate and deliberation which involves a large number of decision makers.
Question. Name any two countries which have the most stable democracies.
Answer : USA and Switzerland
Question. Democratic government is legitimate government. Explain.
Answer : a ) Democracy produce a government that follows and is accountable to the people
b) Provides mechanism for citizens to hold Government accountable and allows citizens to take part in decision making whenever they think fit.
c) One can measure democracy on the basis of this expected outcome for regular free and fair election open public debate on major policies.
Question. “Democracy means delay in decision making “. Justify this statement with any three arguments?
Answer : a) Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation.
b) Decisions are taken in Parliament after long debates and discussions. The views of all members of the Parliament are taken into consideration before taking any decision.
C) Committees are formed on important issues which take long time and causes for the delay in making decisions.
D) In Parliament after the decisions are over voting is taken which also take some time.
Question. What is transparency in democracy?
Answer : Democracy ensure that decision making in the government will be based on norms and procedures. If a citizen wants to know if a decision was taken through the right procedure he can find out. He/ she have the right to examine the process of decision making. This is known as transparency.
Example - RTI act passed by the Indian Parliament.
Question. Why is economic growth slightly higher under dictatorial government?
Answer : a) Process of decision making is fast and uninterrupted.
b) Allocation of resources is done more efficiently.
c) Economic decision and implementation take place as directed.
These processes are very slow and hampered by too much debates and discussions under the democratic setup.
Question. Why democracy is not considered simply a rule of majority?
Answer : a) In almost all countries majority of the people are poor who do not have money muscle power and other resources to contest the election.
b) Rich people with all the resources who are in small minority in the country can contest and win elections.
Question. Why democracy is called the better form of government than dictatorship? Give reasons.
Answer : a) Democracy promotes equality among citizens as it is peoples on government.
b) It enhances the dignity of the individual
c) Also improves the quality of decision making
d) Provides methods to resolve conflicts
Question. “Democratic government is known as responsive government.”Assess the statement.
Answer : a)Economic growth and development- level of economic development is slow because of delay in decision making
b) Accommodation of social diversity- majority should work with minority
c) Dignity and freedom of citizens- every individual wants to receive respect from fellow beings. Equality of women
Question. “What the most distinctive about democracy is that its examination never gets over”. Comment.
Answer :a) As democracy passes one test it faces another test.
b) People ask about the way democracy functions, they come up with more Expectations and many complaints.
c) Peoples company itself a testimony to the success of democracy
d) A public expression of dissatisfaction with democracy shows the success of the democratic project.
Question. What outcomes are expected of a democracy?
Answer : a) People should get a chance to choose their representatives without any fear
b) Elections are held periodically on the basis of the universal franchise
c) Free and fair elections are conducted by an independent machinery
d) Elected representatives are accountable to the people
e) People are guaranteed fundamental rights by the Constitution
f)Freedom of press should be allowed
Question. “Democracy is a better form of government than any other form of government.”Analyze the statement with arguments.
Answer : a) Promotes equality among citizens
b) Enhances the dignity of the individuals
c) Improves the quality of decision making
d) Provides a method to resolve conflicts
e) Allows room to correct mistakes.
Question. “Democracies lead to peaceful and harmonious life among citizens.”Explain.
Answer : a) Reduces the possibility of tensions becoming explosive or violent
b) No society can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups
c) Evolve mechanisms to negotiate the differences
d)Citizens are equal and enjoy equal social and political rights
e) Give a chance to every citizens to express his/ her views on every issue being faced by them.
Question. “In actual life, democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities”. Explain.
Answer : a) A small number of restrictions of the country enjoy the ownership of use resource and share of wealth and income. Over the period they share in total income of the country has been increasing.
b) Doors at the bottom of the society do not have equal access to economic and natural resources as compared to the richest sections of the society. Their incomes have been declining.
c) Most of the time they find it difficult to meet their basic needs of life such as food, clothing, house, education and health.
THREE MARKS QUESTIONS
Question. How far do the emergence of social differences lead to social division? Explain by giving a suitable example.
Answer : a. If social differences cross cut one another, it is difficult to avoid clashes between the groups that hold different views. b. It means that groups that share a common interest on one issue are likely to be in different sides of a different issue. c. For example, in Northern Ireland, class and religion tend to overlap each other leading to social tensions.
Question. “Social division takes place when some social differences overlap with other differences.” Justify the statement.
Answer : a. The difference between the Blacks and Whites becomes a social division in the US because the Blacks tend to be poor, homeless and discriminated against. b. In our country, Dalits tend to be poor and landless. They often face discrimination and injustice. c. One kind of social difference becomes more important when other people start feeling that they belong to different communities.
Question. Describe the consequences of Smith and Carlos reaction to the racial discrimination.
Answer : a. Carlos and Smith were held guilty for violating the Olympic spirit by making political statement. b. Medals were taken back. c. Norman was not included in Australian team. d. Action helped in gaining international attention for Civil Rights Movement. (Any three)
Question. What steps should be taken according to you to promote the unity among the people of India?
Answer : Following steps can be undertaken to promote the unity among the people of India: a. There should be equal opportunities of representation and no sort of discrimination existing in the society, b. More and more people participation in political affairs should be encouraged, c. Full religious tolerance and the leverage to minority group should be given to voice their opinion.
Question. “Attempts at forced integration often sow the seeds of disintegration.” Support the statement with suitable arguments.
Answer : a. The above statement is true from the examples of Belgium and Sri Lanka. If the rulers are willing to share power and accommodate the reasonable demands of minority community, social divisions become less threatening for the country. b. But if they suppress such a demand in the name of national unity, the end result is often quite the opposite. Thus with such attempts at forced integration often saw the seeds of integration.
Question. Explain with example the role of political leaders to determine the outcome of politics of social divisions.
Answer : It depends on how political leaders raise the demands of any community. For example: a. It is easier to accommodate demands that are within the constitutional framework and are not at the cost of another community. b. The demand for ‘only Sinhala’ was at the cost of the interest and identity of the Tamil community in Sri Lanka. c. In Yugoslavia, the leaders of different ethnic communities presented their demands in such a way that these could not be accommodated within a single country.
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