CBSE Class 12 Social Science Manufacturing Industries MCQs with answers available in Pdf for free download. The MCQ Questions for Class 12 Social Science with answers have been prepared as per the latest syllabus, NCERT books and examination pattern suggested in Standard 12 by CBSE, NCERT and KVS. Multiple Choice Questions are an important part of exams for Grade 12 Social Science and if practiced properly can help you to get higher marks. Refer to more Chapter-wise MCQs for NCERT Class 12 Social Science and also download more latest study material for all subjects
Manufacturing Industries Class 12 Social Science MCQ
Class 12 Social Science students should refer to the following multiple-choice questions with answers for Manufacturing Industries in standard 12. These MCQ questions with answers for Grade 12 Social Science will come in exams and help you to score good marks
Manufacturing Industries MCQ Questions with Answers
Q.1. In 1857 where the first cotton mill of India was founded
B . Madras
C . Surat
Q.2. Largest producer of Jute and Jute made goods
C. Sri Lanka
Q.3. Iron and steel is a
A. an agro base industry
B. a chemical industry
C. basic industry
D. tertiary industry
Q4. Durgapur is situated in
D. West Bengal
Q.5 Chemical industries usually are located near
A. Iron and steel industries
B. Thermal power plant
C. Oil refineries
D. Automobile industry
Q6. STP is the Abbreviation of
A. System tech park
B. Software Technology Park
C. State thermal plant
D. Software Technology Picket
Q7. NTPC is the Abbreviation of
A. National Textile Production Company
B. National Technology Production Company
C. National Thermal Power Corporation
D. National Tuberculosis Prevention Corporation
Q8. Atomic power plant causes
A. Water Pollution
B. Noise Pollution
C. Air Pollution
D. Heat Pollution
Q9. Manufacturing industries includes
A. Crop production
B. Fish production
D. Sugar Production
Q10. Manufacturing industries includes
A. Converting raw material into ready good
B. Transporting raw material
C. Producing raw material
D. Procuring raw material
Question. When was the new Industrial Policy of India announced?
Question. On the basis of ownership industries are categorised as ......... .
(a) Large-scale and Small-scale industries
(b) Public sector, Private sector, Joint and Cooperative sectors
(c) Basic/key and Consumer industries
(d) Agro-based and Mineral-based industries
Question. Which one is not an integrated steel plant?
(a) Durgapur Steel Plant (DSP) in West Bengal
(b) Bhilai Steel Plant (BSP) in Chhattisgarh
(c) Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP) in Orissa
(d) Tata Iron and Steel Corporation Ltd (TISCO)
Question. ......... has emerged as the electronic capital of India.
Question. Which of the following is a basic or key industry?
(a) Iron and steel industry
(b) Automobile industry
(c) Cement industry
(d) Fertiliser industry
Question. The largest producer of raw jute and jute goods is ......... .
Question. Which one of the following does not come under the category of consumer industry?
Question. Where was the first jute mill set up?
Question. The first cement plant was in ......... .
Question. Which one of the following countries is giving stiff competition to India with regard to jute industry?
Ans. (b) Bangladesh
Question. Describe the importance of manufacturing.
Ans. The economic strength of a country lies in the development of manufacturing industries:
(i) Manufacturing industries help in modernising agriculture which forms the backbone of our economy.
(ii) It reduces the heavy dependence of people on agriculture sector and creatis jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors.
(iii) It is necessary for the removal of unemployment and poverty.
(iv) It brings down regional disparities.
(v) Export of manufactured goods expand trade and commerce and enhances prosperity.
(vi) It brings much needed foreign exchange.
Question. Explain the contribution of textile industry in the Indian economy.
Ans. The Cotton Textile Industry forms the largest single industry in India. Every year the Cotton Textile Industry produces 30% – 35%` of the total industrial products in the country.
In a developing country like India, the Cotton Textile Industry is very important, for it has to meet the demand for clothes from within the country and also for exports.
Question. Classify industries on the basis of their main role. How are they different from each other?
Ans. Industries can be classified according to the role they play in the economy of the country. They are :
(a) Basic or key industries which supply their products or raw materials to manufacture other goods e.g. iron and steel and copper smelting, aluminium smelting. These industries help in the establishment of other industries.
(b) Consumer industries that produce goods for direct use by consumers – sugar, toothpaste, paper, sewing machines, electric fans etc.
Question. Distinguish between an integrated steel plants and a mini steel plant stating three points of distinction.
Ans. (i) An integrated steel plant is larger than a mini steel plant.
(ii) Mini steel plant use steel scrap and sponge iron while integrated steel plants use basic raw materials i.e., iron ore for making steel.
(iii) Mini steel plant produces mild and alloy steel while integrated steel plant produces only steel.
Question. "Many of our spinners export cotton yearn while apparel manufacturers have to import fabric." Explain this statement with appropriate reasons.
Ans. (i) The weaving, knitting and processing units cannot use much of the high quality yarn that is produced in the country.
Therefore, many of our spinners export cotton yarn while apparel/garment manufacturers have to import fabric.
(ii) If weaving sector is improved, then yarn can be used in the country and garments can be exported to earn more foreign exchanges for the country.
Question. Suggest any three steps to minimise the environmental degradation caused by theindustrial development in India.
Ans. Three steps to minimize the environmental degradation caused by industrial development in India are :
(i) Minimizing use of water for processing by reusing and recycling it in two or more successive stages.
(ii) Harvesting of rain water to meet water requirements.
(iii) Treating hot water and effluents before releasing them in rivers and ponds.
(iv) Particulate matter in the air can be reduced by fitting smoke stacke to factories with electrostatic precipitators, fabric filters, scrubbers and inertial separators.
(v) Smoke can be reduced by using oil or gas instead of coal in factories.
(vi) Generators should be fitted with silencers.
(vii) Almost all machineries can be redesigned to increase energy efficiency and reduce noise.
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