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Assignment for Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 5 Indigo
Class 12 English students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Flamingo Chapter 5 Indigo in Class 12. This test paper with questions and answers for Class 12 English will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks
Flamingo Chapter 5 Indigo Class 12 English Assignment
CBSE Class 12 English Indigo Louis Fischer Assignment. Students are advised to refer to the attached assignments and practice them regularly. This will help them to identify their weak areas and will help them to score better in examination. Parents should download and give the assignments to their children for practice.
GIST OF THE LESSON
• Raj Kumar Shukla- A poor sharecropper from Champaran wishing to meet Gandhiji.
• Raj Kumar Shukla- an illiterate but resolute hence followed Gandhiji to Lucknow,Cawnpore, Ahmadabad, Calcutta, Patna, Muzzafarpur & then Champaran.
• Servants at Rajendra Prasad’s residence thought Gandhiji to be an untouchable.
• Gandhiji considered as an untouchable because of simple living style and wearing (clothes), due to the company of Raj Kumar Shukla.
• Decided to go to Muzzafarpur first to get detailed information about Champaran sharecropper.
• Sent telegram to J B Kriplani &stayed in Prof Malkani home- a government servant.
• Indians afraid to show sympathy to the supporters of home rule.
• The news of Gandhiji’s arrival spread- sharecroppers gathered in large number to meet their champion.
• Gandhiji chided the Muzzafarpur lawyer for taking high fee.
• Champaran district was divided into estate owned by English people, Indians only tenant farmers.
• Landlords compelled tenants to plant 15% of their land with indigo and surrender their entire harvest as rent.
• In the meantime Germany had developed synthetic indigo –British landlords freed the Indian farmers from the 15% arrangement but asked them to pay compensation.
• Many signed, some resisted engaged lawyers, landlords hired thugs.
• Gandhiji reached Champaran- visited the secretary of the British landlord association to get the facts but denied as he was an outsider.
• Gandhiji went to the British Official Commissioner who asked him to leave Trihut, Gandhiji disobeyed, went to Motihari the capital of Champaran where a vast multitude greeted him, continued his investigations.
• Visited maltreated villagers, stopped by the police superintendent but disobeyed the order.
• Motihari black with peasants’ spontaneous demonstrations, Gandhiji realeased without bail
Civil Disobedience triumphed.
• Gandhiji agreed to 25% refund by the landowners, it symbolized the surrender of the prestige.
• Gandhiji worked hard towards social economic reforms, elevated their distress aided by his wife, Mahadev Desai, Narhari Parikh.
• Gandhiji taught a lesson of self reliance by not seeking help of an English man Mr. Andrews.
The leadership shown by Mahatma Gandhi to secure justice for oppressed people through convincing argumentation and negotiation. The lesson deals with an account of an unequal battle between the oppressed and the oppressors.
Patience, perseverance and determination can help one overcome all odds and adversities. While managing crises one should focus on a solution rather than a problem. One should learn to be self-reliant instead of looking for shoulders to lean upon. It also conveys the message that it is important to teach people to be courageous and to be able to fight their own battles; independently and fearlessly rather than just lending support to them in critical situation.
Contributions made by anonymous Indians to the freedom movement.
The lesson highlights that the struggle for the noble cause never goes unrewarded.
MAIN POINT OF THE STORY
1. Raj kumar Shukla apprised of injustice of the landlord system in Bihar
2. Raj kumar Shukla- one of the share-croppers.
3 Gandhi ji- busy but Rajkumar followed him unless he promised to visit Champaran.
4. Gandhi ji on way to Mujjafarpur stopped at the house of Rajendra Prasad.
5. Met J.B Kripalani for more information
6. Meeting advocates in Mujjafarpur and chided them
7. Share-cropping system oppresses the farmers.
8. Introduction of Synthetic Indigo in Germany led to extortion of money from the peasants by landlords.
9. Gandhi's arrival in Champaran- meeting with the representative of landlords and Commissioner of Tirhut.
10. His clash with police superintendent and summon to appear in the court-his plea-admits he's facing the conflict of duties.
11. Demonstration by thousands of peasants and helplessness of the British government plans jail bharo andolan with the help of lawyers.
12. British drop the case against Gandhi ji thus the battle of Champaran won.
13. Report of official commission inquiry.
14. Refund of 25% of money.
15. Landlord surrender and peasants gain courage, learn he has defenders and rights.
16. Social work, education, health and cleanliness in the villages addressed by Gandhi Ji.
17. Champaran episode became a turning point in Gandhi ji's life.
18. Developed an attitude of self reliance among the people/Lawyers.
Rearrange the following points in sequence of their narration in the lesson
1. Inquiry into peasants grievances
2. Motihari black with Peasants
3. At the house of Rajendra Prasad
4. Gandhi at Champaran
5. Apprising Louis Fischer about the departure of the British
6. Social Backwardness in Champaran
7. Englishmen owned large Estates
8. Champaran episode- a turning point for Gandhi
9. To Muzzafarpur En route Champaran
10. The Battle of Champaran is won
Question. Why is Champaran episode considered to be the beginning of the Indian struggle for Independence?
Answer: The Champaran episode is considered to be the beginning of the Indian struggle for Independence because it was for the first time that Gandhiji introduced a non-violent resistance, which came to be known as Satyagraha. It was a long drawn out but patient and peaceful agitation against the British. During this struggle, Gandhiji decided to urge the departure of the Britishers for the first time. Therefore, it was also a turning point in Gandhiji’s life. The struggle did not begin as an oit new out of an attempt to
Question. How did Rajkumar Shukla establish that he was resolute?
Answer: Raj Kumar Shukla came from Champaran to Lucknow to speak to Gandhiji. He accompanied Gandhiji everywhere even to Cawnpore and his Ahmedabad ashram. Gandhiji asked Raj Kumar Shukla to come and meet him on a fixed day in Calcutta. But, the appointment day was several months later. When Gandhiji arrived in Calcutta, Raj Kumar Shukla was waiting for him on the appointed day at the appointed spot.
Question. How did Gandhiji help the peasants of Champaran?
Answer: Gandhiji went to Champaran to look into the matter himself. He began by studying the problems and getting the facts. He visited the secretary of British Landlord’s Association and met the British Official Commissioner of Tirhut division. He consulted the laywers and chided them for collecting fees from the sharecroppers. He disobeyed the court order to leave Champaran immediately. Gandhiji inspired the peasants, with his talks and actions, to overcome their fear and be self reliant. Gandhiji ensured the triumph of civil disobedience. Eventually the British landlords were obliged to refund 25% of the peasants money. Within a few years the British landlords gave up their estates.
Question. Why did Gandhi tell the court that he was involved in a ‘conflict of duties’ ?
Answer: Since Gandhiji was a law abiding citizen, he did not want to go against the court’s orders. Gandhiji did not want to set a bad example as a law breaker on one hand and on the other wanted to render humanitarian and national service to the people. For this reason, Gandhiji told the court that he was involved in a conflict of duties.
Question. Who was Raj Kumar Shukla? Why did he come to Lucknow?
Answer: Rajkumar Shukla was a poor peasant from Champaran district in Bihar. He had come to Lucknow, where a Congress session was being held, to complain about the injustice of the landlord system in Bihar.
Question. Why did Gandhi chide the lawyers? What according to him was the real relief for the sharecroppers?
Answer: collecting big fee
Court not any good for the fear stricken peasants Freedom from fear.
Question. What according to Gandhi was the beginning of the poor peasants 'liberation from fear of the British'?
Answer: Gandhi ji's trouble with the authorities.
Action of protest - spontaneous demonstration outside the court.
Question. What was 'conflict of duties' in which Gandhi was involved?
Answer: Gandhi expressed his conflict that he didn't want to be termed as a law breaker but he had to listen to the voice of conscience and help his fellow countrymen.
Question. "Civil disobedience had triumphed the first time in modern India". How?
Answer: case against Gandhi ji (disobedience of authorities)
Released without bail
Case against Gandhi ji dropped
Question. What amount of repayment did the big planters think Gandhi would demand? What did Gandhi ask? What amount was finally settled?
Answer: planters thought full repayment
Gandhi asked 50 percent but settled for 25%
Question. How did Gandhi teach his followers a lesson of self-reliance?
Answer: idea of staying back of C.F Andrews proposed by lawyers.
Gandhi ji opposed the idea
1. If the cause is just they do not require outside help.
2. Peasents must rely upon themselves.
Question. What strategy did Gandhiji follow in removing the problems of sharecroppers?
Answer: Gandhiji discussed the problems with lawyers. He disregarded British order of eviction. He insisted peasants to remove their fear.
Question. Why did Gandhiji feel that it was useless for the peasants to go to law courts?
Answer: The peasants are crushed and fear stricken. The lawyers charged high fee.
Question. Why did the British landlords free the sharecropper from growing Indigo? What did they want instead?
Answer: The British came to know that synthetic indigo was developed in Germany and the 15% of land was released and in return, the peasants were asked to pay compensation for release from the agreement.
Question. Why did Gandhiji agree for the 25% refund by the British landlords?
Answer: Gandhiji agreed for 25% refund because the amount was not important but the landlord's prestige was surrendered.
Question. What was the important lesson taught by Gandhiji to his disciples ?
Answer: Gandhiji taught rules of personal hygiene and cleanliness. He also taught the -Champarans to win freedom independently without any support of British.
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTION
Question. Why did Gandiji consider freedom from fear more important than legal justice for the poor peasants of Champaran?
Answer: British ruthless exploitation-farmers fight through lawyers-battles were inconclusive-terror-stricken-Gandhiji's declaration-no need of law court -overcome terror-be bold and courageous.
Question. Why was Gandhi summoned to appear in the court? How did civil disobedience triumph for the first time in India?
Answer: Gandhi had reached Motihari, the capital of Champaran, to study the problems of the sharecropper peasants. He was on his way to a neighbouring village, where a peasant was illtreated.
On the way, he was stopped by the police superintendent's messenger and ordered to return to town. When he reached home, he was served with an official notice to quit Champaran at once. Gandhi wrote on the receipt that he would disobey the order. So Gandhi received a summon to appear in the court the next day.
Next morning the town of Motihari was black with peasants. Thousands of peasants demonstrated voluntarily outside the court. The prosecuter requested the judge to postpone the trial. Gandhi protested against the delay. He read out the statement pleading guilty. He asked the penalty.
The judge announced that he would pronounce the sentence after a two-hour recess. He asked Gandhi to furnish bail for that period. Gandhi refused. The judge released him without bail.
After the recess , the judge said that he would not deliver the judgement for several days.
Meanwhile he allowed Gandhi to remain at liberty.
Several days later Gandhi received a letter. The case against him had been dropped. Thus, civil disobedience had triumphed, for the first time in India.
Question. How did Gandhi work for rural upliftment during his stay in Champaran?
Answer: Gandhi ji appealed for teachers and doctors
Primary schools were opened
Mrs Kasturba Gandhi and several other volunteers helped - Narhari Parikh, Mahadev Desai, Devdas (Youngest son of Gandhi) personal and community cleanliness stressed
Question.'Self-Reliance, Indian independence and help to sharecroppers were all bound together'.
Elucidate on the basis of reading 'Indigo' by Louis Fischer.
Answer: root cause of problem-fear
Gandhi ji tried to eradicate the fear of peasants
Voluntary demonstration against government
Lesson of self reliance
Question. Why is the Champaran episode considered to be the beginning of the Indian struggle for Independence?
Answer: Attempt to ease the sufferings of peasants
Gets support of people
Peasants became aware of their rights
Method of non-violence used by Gandhi
Won battle of Champaran
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CBSE Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 5 Indigo Assignment
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Assignment for English CBSE Class 12 Flamingo Chapter 5 Indigo
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Flamingo Chapter 5 Indigo Assignment English CBSE Class 12
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