CBSE Class 8 Social Science Sample Paper Set A

CBSE Class 8 Social Science Sample Paper Set A. It’s always recommended to practice as many CBSE sample papers as possible before the examinations. The latest sample papers have been designed as per the latest blue prints, syllabus and examination trends. Sample papers should be practiced in examination condition at home or school and also show it to your teachers for checking or compare with the answers provided. Students can download the sample papers in pdf format free and score better marks in examinations. Refer to other links too for latest sample papers.

1. Name the city which is known as Silicon Valley of India?

Ans: Bangalore

2. Give one term for -Rearing of fishes for commercial purpose.

 Ans: Pisciculture.

3 Why has the world population increased drastically over the past few decades?

Ans: With improving health care, death rates have fallen, but birth rates still remain high leading to high growth rates.

4 Who can file PIL?

Ans: Any individual or organization can file a PIL in the Supreme or High Court.

5 Name the poetess who was the wife of Bhakti poet Chokhamela?

Ans: Soyarabai

6 In which year the central government passed the Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act.

Ans: 1993

7 Who laid the foundation of Santiniketan?

Ans: Rabindranath Tagore

8 Name any two social evils to which women in Indian society were subjugated.

Ans: (Any2)

1. Women were married at an early age.

2. Women were forced to burn themselves on the funeral pyre of their husbands.

3. Woman who died in this manner, whether willing or otherwise, were called “sati” meaning virtuous women.

4. Women‟s right to property were also restricted.

5. Women had virtually no access to education. In many parts of the country people believed that if a woman was educated, she would become a widow.

9 What is the literal meaning of “Sarvajanik”?

Ans: Of or for all the people” (sarva = all + janik = of the people)

10 “The human resources are called the ultimate resources”. Justify the statement by giving few suitable points.

Ans: 1. People are a nation‟s greatest resource.

       2. Nature‟s bounty becomes significant only when people find it useful.

       3. It is people with their demands and abilities that turn them into „resources‟.

11 Explain the climatic factors required for Jute cultivation? Ans: (Any 3)


Jute      22-27o                         Well drained            humid         India, China
                C          150 cm     fertile soils in the        climate             and
                                                flood plains                               Bangladesh.

12 Why Sakchi was chosen to set up the steel plants?
Ans: (Any3)

Sakchi was chosen to set up the steel plant for several reasons:-

1) This place was only 32 km away from Kalimati station on the Bengal-Nagpur railway line.

2) It was close to the iron ore, coal and manganese deposits as well as to Kolkata, which provided a large market.

3) TISCO, gets coal from Jharia coalfields, and iron ore, limestone, dolomite and manganese from Orissa and Chhattisgarh.

4) The Kharkai and Subarnarekha rivers ensured sufficient water supply.
5) Government initiatives provided adequate capital for its later development

13 What do you mean by law enforcement? Who is responsible for law enforcement?

Ans: 1. Law enforcement means that to make sure a law or rule is obeyed. If there is a certain law, it is meant for being obeyed and followed.

2. As a lawmaker and enforcer, the government is supposed to ensure that safety laws are implemented.

3. It is also the duty of the government to ensure that the Right to life guaranteed under Article 21 of the constitution is not violated.

14 (Any relevant answer will be accepted) 3

15 How was environment treated earlier? What has been the change in perception? Discuss.

Ans: The environment was treated as a free entity and any industry called pollute the air and water without any restrictions.

1. The environment was being polluted and the health of people disregarded.

2. The Bhopal disaster brought the issue of environment to forefront.

3. Environmental activists pressurized the government to introduce new laws to protect the environment. Henceforth, the polluter was to be held accountable for the damage done to
environment.

16 Are there any laws for producers and consumers? If yes, then what they state?
Ans: ANY 3

1. Laws help ensure that the relations between these three parties in the market – the worker, consumer and producer are governed in a manner that is not exploitative.

2. There are also laws to protect the interests of procedure and consumes in the market

3. Shops should sell goods only at MRP price by the producer.

4. Unadulterated products should not be sold. For this a quality mark fixed by the government should be put on every product.

5. Eg:- Right against exploitation says that no one can be forced to work for law wages or under bondage. The constitution also lays down “no child below the age of 14 shall be employed to work”. These laws are made to minimize the unfair practices in the markets.

17 What were the demands of the Muslim league in 1946?
Ans: (Any 3)

In 1940 the Muslim league had moved a resolution demanding “Independent states” for Muslims in the north –western and eastern areas of the country.
1. The resolution did not mention partition or Pakistan.

2. From the late 1930s the league began viewing the Muslims as a separate “nation” from the Hindus.

3. In developing this nation it may have been influenced by the history of tension between some Hindu and Muslim groups in the 1920s and 1930s.

4. More importantly, the provincial elections of 1937 seemed to have convinced the league that Muslims were a minority and they would always have to play second fiddle in any democratic structure.

5. It feared that muslims may even go unrepresented.

6. The Congress‟s rejection of the league‟s desire to form a joint congress –league government in the United Provinces in 1937 also annoyed the league.

18 Write a short note on Tagore‟s “abode of peace”.

Ans: (Any3 )

1. Tagore wanted to set up a school where the child could be happy, free and creative, where they will be able to explore her own thoughts and desires.

2. He felt that childhood ought to be a time of self –learning, outside the rigid and restricting discipline of the schooling system set up by the British.

3. Teachers had to be imaginative, understand the child, and help the child develop her curiosity.

4. According to him, the existing schools killed the natural desire of the child to be creative, their sense of wonder.

5. Tagore was of the view that creative learning could be encouraged only within a natural environment. So he chose to set up his school 100 kilometers away from Calcutta, in a rural setting.

6. He saw it as an abode of peace (santiniketan), where living in harmony with nature, children could cultivate their natural creativity.

19 1. Identify the type of education system in the given picture.

Ans: Pathshala system

2. State one advantage and one disadvantage of this type of education system.

Ans: Advan- System of education was flexible to local needs, classes were not held during harvest time.
DisAdvan- teaching was oral, no curriculum, no textbooks, no examination (any 1)

20 Who started temple entry movement and what was the aim of the movement?

Ans: In 1972, Ambedkar started a temple entry movement, in which his Mahar caste followers participated.

1. Brahman priests were outraged when the Dalits used water from the temple tank.

2. Ambedkar led three such movements for temple entry between 1927 and 1935. 3. His aim was to make everyone see the power of caste prejudices within society (Any2)

21 Discuss few examples of educated women and the impact they had on society. Ans: (Any3)

1. Muslim women like the Begums of Bhopal played a notable role in promoting education among women. They founded a primary school for girls at Aligarh.

2. Another remarkable women Begum Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain started schools for Muslim girls in Patna and Calcutta. She was a fearless critic of conservative ideas, arguing that religions leaders of every faith accorded an inferior place to women.

3. By the 1880s, Indian women began to enter universities. Some of them trained to be doctors, some became teachers. Many women began to write and publish their critical views on the place of women in society.

4. Tarabia Sinde: - women educated at home at Poona, published a book, Stripurushtulna, (A comparison between women and Men), criticizing the social differences between men and women.

5. Pandita Ramabai:- A great scholar of Sanskrit, felt that Hinduism was oppressive towards women, and wrote a book about the miserable lives of upper –caste Hindu

22 Why were the early years of the Indian National Congress referred to as the moderate phase? Ans. (Any5)

1. The Congress in the first twenty years was “moderate” in its objectives and methods.

2. During this period it demanded a greater voice for Indians in the government and in administration.

3. It wanted the Legislative Councils to be made more representative, given more power, and introduced in provinces where not existed.

4. It demanded that Indian be placed in high positions in the government. For this purpose it called for civil service examinations to be held in India as well, not just in London.

5. The demand for Indianisation of the administration was part of a movement against racism, since most important jobs at the time were monopolished by white officials and the British generally assumed that Indian could not be given positions of responsibility.

6. Other demands included the separation of the judiciary from the executive, the repeal of the Arms Act and the freedom of speech and expression.

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