CBSE Class 11 Economics Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence Assignment

CBSE Class 11 Economics Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence Assignment . Based on CBSE and NCERT guidelines. The students should read these basic concepts to gain perfection which will help him to get more marks in CBSE examination.


* The sole purpose of the British colonial rule in India was to reduce the country to being a feeder economy for Great Britain’s own rapidly expanding modern industrial base.

* Conditions in the Indian economy on the eve of independance

(i) Law level of economic development : the colonial govt, never made any sincere attempt to estimate India’s national and percapita income. The estimates given by Dr. Rao - growth of GDP was only 2% while the growth of percapita output was just 1/2 (0.5) percent.

(ii) Backward agricultural sector : Due to

A. Land tenure system - Zamidari system, Mahalwari system and Ryotwari system.

B. Forced commercialisation of Agriculture

C. Partitian of the country.

(iii) Less developed Industrial sector

A. De-industrialisation - decline of Indian handicraft industry.

B. Capital good industries were lacking

C. Limited operation of public sector

D. Discriminatory tarrif policy.

(iv) Unfavourable foreign trade :

(A) Net exporter of raw material and importer of finished good.

B. Britain had monopoly control on foreign trade.

C. Drain of India’s wealth.

(v) Adverse demographic condition :

A. High death rate - 40 per thousand.

B. High infant martality rate - 18 per thousand.

C. Mass Illiteracy - 83% illiterate.

D. Low life expectancy - 32 years

E. Low standard of living - people used to spend 80% to 90% of their income on basic needs.


1. What was the infant mortality rate of India during British rule?

2. State the life expectancy in India during British rule.

3. What do you mean by infant mortality rate?

4. Give the name of one economist who estimated India’s per capital income during colonial period.

5. What is meant by commercialisation of agriculture?

6. What was the motive behind the de-industrialisation by the colonial Govt. in India?

7. Which industries were adiversly affected due to partition.

8. What does the export surplus mean?

9. What percentage of India’s working population was engaged in secondary and tertiary sector during British rule?

Please refer to attached file for CBSE Class 11 Economics Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence Assignment



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