CBSE Class 12 Chemistry - Chemical Kinetics VBQs Based on CBSE and NCERT guidelines. Value based questions are now being given in exams to promote morals and values in students, Students should read and understand the following VBQs to get better understanding and score good marks in exams
1. A catalyst is a substance that enhances the rate of a reaction. There are two types of catalysis i.e., homogeneous and heterogeneous. The heterogeneous catalysis is an important application in automobile catalytic converters.
Answer the following questions:
(i) As a student of chemistry, what chemical process do you think occurs in the heterogeneous catalysis in the converters?
(ii) Why the use of such catalytic converters in the vehicles is important?
(iii) What environmental values are associated with the use of such converters?
Ans:(i) The use of heterogeneous catalysis in automobile exhausts helps to reduce polluting gases, NO and CO which are responsible for photochemical smog.
(ii) The catalytic converter, which is a part of automobile exhaust system, oxidises CO to CO2 and NO to NO2 gas.
(iii) Value: Awareness of environmental pollution caused by highly toxic gases like CO and NO.
2. On one winter morning Sudha’s mother received a phone call from a close relative stating that three of them would be coming over for lunch. Sudha’s mother noticed that she did not have enough curd to serve the guests. Sudha, a class XII student suggested that her mother could warm the milk from the refrigerator or keep it under direct sunlight and curdle it.
a) Will it be helpful if her mother follows Sudha’s suggestion? How
b) Why is curdling of milk slower during winter?
c) What values are associated with Sudha’s suggestion?
Ans (a)Yes, because a rise in temperature (to an optimum value only) increases the rate of curdling.
(b) As per collision theory, a reaction takes place by collision of reacting particles. At lower temp collisions between the particles are less in number
(c)Ability to take quick decisions at right moment, helping mentality, awareness of scientific principles lying behind domestic activities, presence of mind.
3. Teacher asked two Students ‘A’ and ‘B’ to demonstrate the reaction between Aluminium and dilute Sulphuric acid to the class. She provided the following chemicals for the experiment: Al foil, Al powder & dilute Sulphuric acid.Student A chose Al foil & dilute Sulphuric acid. Student B chose Al powder & dilute Sulphuric acid.
a) Who according to you has made the correct choice of chemicals?
b) Give a reason to justify the correct choice.
c) What value do you associate with the above?
Ans: (a) Student B has made the correct choice.
(b) Al powder has larger surface area than the Al foil and hence it can react faster.
(c) Scientific awareness about factors affecting rate of reactions, ability to apply the gained knowledge in a different situations.
4. In the lesson ‘Chemical Kinetics’, Robin learnt about need of activation energy and energy barrier for every chemical reaction.
(i) What is the significance of energy barriers in chemical reactions in our life?
(ii) How do these barriers help us to become more efficient in our lives?
(iii) What value is conveyed here in this concept?
Ans (i) Everybody on this earth has to face energy barriers in their lives in the form of various difficulties and unfortunate incidents. These energy barriers are a part of everybody’s life.
(ii) These barriers teach us how to tackle them intelligently and wisely. They teach us to be positive in our attitudes even in hardships.
(iii) We should not give up or surrender ourselves in times of difficulties.
5. Anuj and Sukhbeer visited a car manufacturing company. They saw different sections and found that different parts of cars are made in very large numbers but still the rate of manufacturing of car is very less.
(i) Does this concept help us to understand the concept of order of a reaction?
(ii) What values Anuj and Sukhbeer might have got from this company in respect of people living in our society.
Ans: (i) Yes, this helps in understanding that the rate determining factor is the part that is being manufactured at slower rate supporting the fact that slow steps are rate determining steps.
(ii) Anuj and Sukhbeer might have learnt that weaker sections of society are as important as others and that they too be streamlined at par with others.
Please refer to the link below for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry - Chemical Kinetics VBQs
Click for more Chemistry Study Material ›