NCERT Class 12 Political Science Era of One Party Dominance

Read and download NCERT Class 12 Political Science Era of One Party Dominance chapter in NCERT book for Class 12 Political Science. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2022 chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This Political Science textbook for Class 12 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

Era Of One Party Dominance Class 12 Political Science NCERT

Class 12 Political Science students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter Era Of One Party Dominance in standard 12. This NCERT Book for Grade 12 Political Science will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Era Of One Party Dominance NCERT Class 12

Challenge of building democracy


You now have an idea of the difficult circumstances in which independent India was born. You have read about the serious challenge of nation-building that confronted the country right in the beginning. Faced with such serious challenges, leaders in many other countries of the world decided that their country could not afford to have democracy. They said that national unity was their first priority and that democracy will introduce differences and conflicts. Therefore many of the countries that gained freedom from colonialism experienced non-democratic rule. It took various forms: nominal democracy but effective control by one leader, one party rule or direct army rule. Non-democratic regimes always started with a promise of restoring democracy very soon. But once they established themselves, it was very difficult to dislodge them.
The conditions in India were not very different. But the leaders of the newly independent India decided to take the more difficult path. Any other path would have been surprising, for our freedom struggle was deeply committed to the idea of democracy. Our leaders were conscious of the critical role of politics in any democracy. They did not see politics as a problem; they saw it as a way of solving the problems. Every society needs to decide how it will govern and regulate itself. There are always different policy alternatives to choose from. There are different groups with different and conflicting aspirations. How do we resolve these differences? Democratic politics is an answer to this question. While competition and power are the two most visible things about politics, the purpose of political activity is and should be deciding and pursuing public interest. This is the route our leaders decided to take.
Last year you studied how our Constitution was drafted. You would remember that the Constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949 and signed on 24 January 1950 and it came into effect on 26 January 1950. At that time the country was being ruled by an interim government. It was now necessary to install the first democratically elected government of the country. The Constitution had laid down the rules, now the machine had to be put in place. Initially it was thought that this was only a matter of a few months. The Election Commission of India was set up in January 1950. Sukumar Sen became the first Chief Election Commissioner. The country’s first general elections were expected sometime in 1950 itself.

 

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Contemporary World Politics Chapter 9 Globalisation
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Globalisation
Contemporary World Politics Chapter 1 The Cold War Era
NCERT Class 12 Political Science The Cold War Era
Contemporary World Politics Chapter 2 The End of Bipolarity
NCERT Class 12 Political Science The End of Bipolarity
Contemporary World Politics Chapter 3 US Hegemony in World Politics
NCERT Class 12 Political Science US Hegemony in World Politics
Contemporary World Politics Chapter 4 Alternative Centres of Power
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Alternative Centres of Power
Contemporary World Politics Chapter 5 Contemporary South Asia
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Contemporary South Asia
Contemporary World Politics Chapter 6 International Organisations
NCERT Class 12 Political Science International Organisations
Contemporary World Politics Chapter 7 Security in the Contemporary World
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Security in the Contemporary World
Contemporary World Politics Chapter 8 Environment and Natural Resources
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Environment and Natural Resources
Politics in India since Independence Chapter 1 Challenges of Nation Building
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Challenges of Nation Building
Politics in India since Independence Chapter 2 Era of One Party Dominance
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Era of One Party Dominance
Politics in India since Independence Chapter 3 Politics of Planned Development
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Politics of Planned Development
Politics in India since Independence Chapter 4 Indias External Relations
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Indias External Relations
Politics in India since Independence Chapter 5 Challenges to and Restoration of the Congress System
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Challenges to and Restoration of The Congress System
Politics in India since Independence Chapter 6 The Crisis of Democratic Order
NCERT Class 12 Political Science The Crisis of Democratic Order
Politics in India since Independence Chapter 7 Rise of Popular Movements
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Rise of Popular Movements
Politics in India since Independence Chapter 8 Regional Aspirations
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Regional Aspirations
Politics in India since Independence Chapter 9 Recent Developments in Indian Politics
NCERT Class 12 Political Science Recent Developments in Indian Politics