A1. Read the passage and answer the following questions.
1.The first rule of diary keeping is to throw away any booklet that is ruled with equal spaces for every day, because not every day is worthy of the space allotted to it, and some are worth a great deal more. Keep your diary in a blank notebook, or type it, as I have done for the past 20 years, on loose sheets of paper to file in a ring-binder.
2.The second rule is not to write your diary every day, but wait until something interesting happens. You should write only when you wish to, which means when you want to show off a bit, grouse a bit, or drain away a disappointment.
3.It is the recipient of your confidences, pledged to secrecy. So rule three is to lock it up, or write it in Swahili.
4.Write it in the morning because sleep irons out the day’s wrinkles.
5.And do not mention the weather, minor illnesses, or times of trains. The diary of King George V contained this entry: “It rained today, harder than yesterday: I hope it will not rain tomorrow.” This is not what dairies are for: their purpose is slowly to create a self-portrait, based on your activities, hopes, fears and relationships.
6.A diary should not be too contrived. It is not a work of literature. But it must be observant and, within limits, truthful.
7.Train yourself to notice things that most of us take for granted, such as other people’s mannerisms, dress, speech, rooms, books, gardens, as indicative in their characters- this is what will interest posterity. And remember conversations.
8.Finally, remember that Pepys and Boswell did not destroy or mutilate them before they died. To do so would have been an act of self-immolation. So do not destroy yours.
A1.1 Write the option you consider the most appropriate.
1) One should not write a diary in a notebook with equal spaces everyday because
- it takes up too much space
- some days have more to write about than others
- every day is the same
- it is a waste of paper
2) ‘Write it in Swahili’ (Paragraph 3) means
- one should learn a new language
- it should not be written legibly
- it should be kept secret
- it should not be written in English
3) According to the author
- a diary is supposed to give glimpses of the writer
- one records the weather patterns in diaries
- other people are portrayed in diaries
- diaries should be written at night
4) A diary should be written
- like a literary work
- as a discussion of others
- after alert observation
- in a completely truthful way
5) Destroying a diary would be like
- erasing records
- destroying oneself
- destroying memories
- forgetting events
A1.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer the following questions briefly.
- “Until something interesting happens” (Paragraph 2). Give two examples the author gives about “something interesting”.
- According to the author, give any two topics to be avoided in diary writing.
A1.3 Find words from the passage which mean the same as the following from the paragraphs indicated. to complain about how unhappy you are (Paragraph 2)
- created or arranged in a way that seems artificial and unrealistic (Paragraph 6)
- all future generations of people (Paragraph 7)
Section: B Writing Skill
B1. A friend of yours is celebrating an important event in his/her community. Write an email to him/her extending your greetings on the occasion.
Section: C Grammar
C1. Complete the conditional sentences with correct form.
- If I were stronger, I ________ (help) you carry the piano.
- If we meet him tomorrow, we _______ (say) hello.
- If you dropped the vase, it _________ (break)
- I ________ (earn) a lot of money, if I get that job.
C2. Complete the following conditional clauses.
- If we had switched on the light, you________________________________.
- If we had seen you, we__________________________________________.
C3. Look at the words and phrases below. Rearrange them to form meaningful sentences.
- to be disciplined/ it is/ to have/ important/ a/ and a/ balanced life/ healthy
- and responsibility/ discipline/ a sense of/ duty/ inculcates/ us/ in
- walk of/ life/ necessary/ it is/ in every
- very early/ it is important/ in life/ to instill it.