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6. COMPONENTS OF FOOD
1. The essential components of our food are called ___________ .
(a) fats (b) nutrients (c) minerals (d) roughage
2. Which of the following is a protective food?
(a) milk (b) oils & fats (c) fruits (d) cereals
3. The food component present in sugar is
(a) fats (b) proteins(c) vitamins (d) carbohydrates
4. The percentage of water in the human body is
(a) 65 (b) 70 (c) 40 (d) 80
5. Foods like pizza, burger and noodles are rich in
(a) carbohydrates (b) protiens (c) vitamins (d) minerals
6. _________ provide more than double the energy provided by carbohydrates or protiens in human body.
(a) vitamins (b) fats (c) minerals (d) starch
7. The component of food which help our body to fight against infections is
(a) protiens (b) fats (c) carbohydrates (d) starch
8. ___________ is essential for forming haemoglobin in the blood.
(a) calcium (b) iron (c) phosphorous (d) magnesium
9. The disease caused by the deficiency of iron is
(a) anaemia (b) desentry (c) chicken pox (d) malaria
10. The mineral which controls the functioning of thyroid is
(a) phosphorous (b) calcium (c) magnesium (d) iodine
11. The disease caused by the deficiency of iodine is
(a) anaemia (b) goitre (c) chicken pox (d) swine flu
12. ________ helps to maintain a constant body temperature in our body.
(a) water (b) roughage (c) vitamins (d) energy giving food
13. Our body needs ____ litres of water every day.
(a) 1/2 (b) 2-3 (c) 7-8 (d) 10 -15
14. Deficiency of protiens and carbohydrates in infants leads to
(a) maramus (b) goitre (c) obesity (d) typhoid
15. Rickets is caused by the deficiency of
(a) vitamin A (b) vitamin B1
(c) vitamin C (d) vitamin D
16. Excessive body weight due overnutrition leads to
(a) kwashiorker (b) rickets (c) maramus (d) obesity
17. Vitamins and minerals are
(a) protective food (b) body building food (c) energy giving food (d) none of these
18. Jaggery is a good source of
(a) fats (b) protiens
(c) vitamins (d) carbohydrates
19. The highest concentration of minerals are found in
(a) bones and teeth (b)skin
(c) arms and legs (d) none of these
20. Iodine is used to test the presence of ________ in the food.
(a) protiens (b) carbohydrates
(c) starch (d) fats
21. Which of the following is a protien source of plant origin?
(a) egg (b)soyabean
(c) cheese (d) milk
22. The mineral we get from fish is
(a) iodine (b) magnesium
(c) iron (d) none of these
23. Which of the following does not contain sugar?
(a) glucose (b) apple
(c) potato (d) grapes
24. Night blindness is caused by the deficiency of
(a) vitamin A (b)vitamin C
(c) vitamin D (d) vitamin B1
25. Benedict's solution is used to test the presence of _____ in food.
(a) sugar (b) starch
(c) fat (d) water