CBSE Class 12 English Unseen Passage M. Students should do unseen passages for class 12 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers.
Read the passage below:
Today, India looks like it is on course to join the league of developed nations. It is beginning to establish a reputation not just as the technology nerve centre and back-office to the world, but also as its production centre. India's secularism and democracy serve as a role model to other developing countries. There is great pride in an India that easily integrates with a global economy, yet maintains a unique cultural identity.
But what is breathtaking is India's youth. For despite being an ancient civilization that traces itself to the very dawn of human habitation, India is among the youngest countries in the world. More than half the country is under 25 years of age and more than a third is under 15 years of age.
Brought up in the shadow of the rise of India's service industry boom, this group feels it can be at least as good if not better than anyone else in the world. This confidence has them demonstrating a great propensity to consume, throwing away asceticism and thrift. Even those who do not have enough they have the capability and opportunity to do so.
The economic activity created by this combination of a growing labour pool and rising consumption demand is enough to propel India to double-digit economic growth for decades. One just has to look at the impact that the baby boomers in the US had over decades of economic activity, as measured by equity and housing prices. This opportunity also represents the greatest threat to India's future. If the youth of India are not properly educated and if there are not enough jobs created, India will have forever lost its opportunity. There are danger signs in abundance.
Fifty-three per cent of students in primary schools drop out, one-third of children in Class V cannot read, three quarters of schools do not have a functioning toilet, female literacy is only 45 per cent and 80 million children in the age group of 6-14 do not even attend school.
India's IT and BPO industries are engines of job creation, but they still accounts for only 0.2 per cent of India's employment. The country has no choice but to dramatically industrialize and inflate its domestic economy. According to a forecast by the Boston Consulting Group, more than half of India’s unemployed within the next decade could be its educated youth. We cannot allow that to happen.
India is stuck in a quagmire of labour laws that hinder employment growth, particularly in the manufacturing sector. Inflexible labour laws inhibit entrepreneurship, so it is quite ironic that laws ostensibly designed to protect labour actually discourage employment.
Employment creation needs an abundant supply of capital. Controls on foreign investment have resulted in China getting five times the foreign direct investment, or an advantage of $200 billion over the past five years. The growing interest in India by global private equity firms augurs well as they represent pools of patient and smart capital, but they too face many bureaucratic hurdles.
When it comes to domestic capital availability, budget deficits adding up to 10 percent of the national GDP impede capital availability for investment and infrastructure.
Raising infrastructure spending, coupled with rapid privatisation, may not only create employment but also redress the growing gaps in infrastructure. China has eight times the highway miles and has increased roads significantly in the past few years while India has only inched along. Freight costs at Indian ports are almost double the worldwide average, just to give two examples.
Moreover, like the Lilliputians that kept giant Gulliver tied down, there are some 30,000 statutes in India, of which only a portion are even operational, and these keep the employment creation engine tied down. Since there are no sunset provisions in any laws, the regulatory morass only grows every year.
In the meantime, we as citizens of the world and descendants of India have to make a difference. We have to ensure that India and its youth attain that potential, both through our business pursuits and the support of educational charities, on-the-ground proponents of participative democracy as well as other deserving organizations and initiatives.
I believe that hope can triumph and that this can be India's century - not one that will happen as surely as the sun will rise each day, but one that many willing hands need to create together.
I.1.Read the passage carefully and choose the most appropriate option from those which are given below:
1.What is great pride of India:
a) It is developing country.
b) It easily integrate with global economy, yet maintain a unique cultural identity.
c) It is competing with other countries.
d) It has a great heritage.
2.India is among the ______ countries in the world:
3.India IT and BPO industries are engine of:
a) Job exitor
b) Job creation
c) Job destroyer
d) Job evaluator
II. (a) Answer the following questions briefly:
1) What is breathtaking in India?
2) Where India is being stuck?
3) Employment creation needs an ___________ .
4) There is no sunset provisions in any law, the ____________.
(b) Fill in the blanks with one word only:
As citizens of the world and (a) ____ of India have to make a difference. We have to ensure that India and its youth attain that potential, both through our business pursuits and the support of (b) ____, on-the-ground proponents of (c) _____ democracy as well as other deserving organizations and (d) ______.
III. Pick out the words from the passage which mean the same as the following:
1) Soft wet ground (para 7)
2) Advocate (para 12)
Suggested Answers for the above mentioned question:
I.(a) It easily integrate with global economy, yet maintain a unique cultural identity.
(c) Job creation
II.(a) 1. Despite being an ancient civilization that traces to the very dawn of human habitation, India is among the youngest countries in the world. More than half the country is under 25 years of age and more than a third is under 15 years of age.
2.India is stuck in a quagmire of labour laws that hinder employment growth, particularly in the manufacturing sector. Inflexible labour laws inhibit entrepreneurship, so it is quite ironic that laws ostensibly designed to protect labour actually discourage employment.
3.abundant supply of capital.
4.regulatory morass only grow every year.
(b) (a) descendants
(b) educational charities