CBSE Class 12 English Unseen Passage A. Students should do unseen passages for class 12 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers.
Read the Passage below:-
The therapeutic value and healing powers of plants were demonstrated to me when I was a boy of about ten. I had developed an acute persistent abdominal pain that did not respond readily to hospital medication. My mother had taken me to the city's central hospital on several occasions, where different drugs were tried on me. In total desperation she took me to Egya Mensa, a well-known herbalist in my home-town in the Western province of Ghana. This man was no stranger to the medical doctors at the hospital. He had earned the reputation of offering excellent help when they were confronted with difficult cases where western medicine had failed to effect a cure.
After a brief interview, not very different from what goes on daily in the consulting offices of many general medical practitioners in the United States, he left us waiting in his consulting room while he went out to the field. He returned with several leaves and the bark of a tree and one of his attendants immediately prepared a decoction. I was given a glass of this preparation, it tasted extremely bitter, but within an hour or so I began to feel relieved. The rest of the decoction was put in two large bottles so that I could take does periodically. Within about three days, the frequent abdominal pains stopped and I recall gaining a good appetite. I have appreciated the healing powers of medicinal plants ever since.
My experience nay sound unusual to those who come from urban area of the developed world, but for those in the less affluent nations such experiences are a common occurrence. In fact, demographic studies by various national governments and inter-governmental organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) indicate that for 75 to 90 per cent of the rural populations of the world, the herbalist is the only person who handles their medical problems.
In African culture, traditional medical practitioners are always considered to be influential spiritual leaders as well, using magic and religion along with medicines. Illness is handled with the individual's hidden spiritual powers and with application of plants that have been found especially to contain healing powers.
Over the years I have come to distinguish three types of medicinal practitioners in African societies and to classify the extent to which each uses medicinal plants. The first is the herbalist, who generally enjoys the prestige and reputation of being the real traditional medical professional. The second group represents the divine healers. They are fetish priests whose practice depends upon their purported supernatural powers of diagnosis. Thirdly, the witch doctor, the practitioner who is credited with ability to intercept the evil deeds of a witch.
All three kinds of practitioners have managed to keep the rural and urban populations in reasonable health. The practitioners have done well by relying almost exclusively on herbs for actual treatment, while serving as the people's spiritual leaders, and psychologists.
From the drug-stores in New Delhi I picked up some well packaged bark and roots of Rauwolfia Serpentines, a plant that was very well-known in ancient Asiatic medicine. The store-keeper said that it cures hypertension. This plant has the power to lower the blood pressure and pulse. It is used to calm down mad people because alkaloids in the plant have a specific influence on the mind. I later learnt that the store-keeper had a medical degree from one of the Indian universities, but chose to administer herbal medicine because he felt his people were better off with local medicines than with the expensive imported, synthetic drugs that had no traditional, social or psychological meaning.
In the Himalayan kingdom of Nepal, at the Royal Drug Research Laboratory, an impressive program of medicinal plant research is being conducted.
The People's Republic of China is perhaps the leading country in systematically amalgamating herbal medicine into natural health-care systems. On the outskirts of Peking, for example, there is an experimental plantation for the Institute of Materia- Medica.
For health, social and economic reasons, it seems clear that developing countries should begin an extensive program aimed at an examination of the most important medicinal plants. In most countries, the information on such plants is dispersed and unorganized. Much of it is in the heads of aging herbalists, who represent a dying breed. The approaches of these traditional healers should not be overlooked or described as simplistic.
I.Read the passage carefully and choose the most appropriate option from those which are given below:
1.The approaches of traditional healers should not:
(a) be taken seriously.
(b) be described as complexity
(c) be overlooked or described as simplistic.
(d) be applied.
2.the herbalist is the only person who handles their:
(a) chemical problems.
(b) medical problems.
(c) technical problems.
(d) mathematical problems.
3.Roots of Rauwolfia Serpentine cures:
(c) high blood pressure
(d) heart diseases
II.(a) Answer the following questions briefly:
1.Where did the mother of narrator take him?
2.In which sector does People’s Republic of China is leading country?
3.The status of traditional medical practitioners in African culture ____________.
4.For health, social and economic reasons, developing countries should _____________.
(b) Fill in the blanks with one word only:
The witch (a) ________ is credited with ability to (b) _________ the evil (c) _________ of a (d) _________.
III. Find words from the passage which mean the following:
(a) a concentrated liquor resulting from heating or boiling of substances (para 2)
(b) determine the nature of disease from observation (para 5)
Suggested answers for the above passage:
I.1. (c) be overlooked or described as simplistic.
(b) medical problems.
(c) high blood pressure
II.(a) 1. Narrator’s mother had taken him to Egya Mensa, a well-known herbalist in his home-town in the Western province of Ghana.
2.The People's Republic of China is the leading country in systematically amalgamating herbal medicine into natural health-care systems.
3.In African culture, traditional medical practitioners are always considered to be influential spiritual leaders as well, using magic and religion along with medicines.
4.begin an extensive program aimed at an examination of the most important medicinal plants.
(b) (a) doctor
III. (a) decoction