CBSE Class 12 English Unseen Passage B

Read CBSE Class 12 English Unseen Passage B below, students should read unseen passage for class 12 English available on Studiestoday.com with solved questions and answers. These topic wise unseen comprehension for class 12 English with answers have been prepared by English teacher of Grade 12. These short passages have been designed as per the latest syllabus for class 12 English and if practiced thoroughly can help you to score good marks in standard 12 English class tests and examinations

CBSE Class 12 English Unseen Passage B. Students should do unseen passages for class 12 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers.

Read the passage below:-

Money came into existence to answer a need of mankind, but this need did not arise until civilization had grown beyond its earliest stages. Primitive man lived by hunting, each hunt only for himself and his family or tribe. At such a stage when strangers were avoided or driven away, money and even trade were unnecessary. Later, when he had learnt to domesticate wild animals, man lived a nomadic and pastoral life, constantly wandering as he drove his flocks and herds to new pastures. As the road to wealth was then the possession of beasts, money in its modern form was still not necessary, although he beasts themselves were a form of money. It would suit, what few craftsmen there were to be paid for their wares in cattle and farmers and herdsmen to pay in that way.

When human communities began to settle down and cultivate the land, instead of wandering over it with their flocks and herds, the division of labour increased and people specialized in crafts and trades. Most men specialized in growing or producing something of which only a very small portion was necessary for their own wants. So they had to get rid of their surplus. In exchange for it, they wanted something which would give them the power to choose what they wanted from the surpluses of other people. A few transactions might take place in straightforward exchange or barter, but only certain things could be treated in this way. It was unlikely for instance, that a shoe-maker needing supplies of corn for his family from time-to-time would always find that the farmer would take shoes in exchange. It would be more convenient, if there were some other object that would always be useful to both the shoe-maker and the farmer.

Once the people have agreed what this other object is to be and once they are prepared always to accept it or offer it in payment, then we have money in its primitive form. It is the go-between in all business transactions or as the economists say, 'a medium of exchange'. We have seen that in the pastoral stage of human history, cattle themselves were this generally acceptable commodity ; it is therefore not strange that the Latin word for money, ‘petunia' comes from a similar Latin word, 'pecus' meaning cattle. In modern English we still use the adjectives, pecuniary' meaning, concerned with money, and ‘impecunious’ meaning having no money.

The trouble about the cattle is that they may become diseased, are easily driven away while their owners are asleep, require a lot of land on which to graze and cannot easily be subdivided without being killed and so losing their value. The precious metals such as gold and silver do not suffer from any of these disadvantages. It can be buried and hidden away easily, it does not rust or lose weight through storage; it can be weighed out into quite small quantities without loss of value. Even some modern communities have used the precious metals by weight as their standard money, although they have used coins for pocket money and small change. For many years the standard money of China was the 'teal' which was not a coin, but a weight of silver, the dollar and the cash were used for small change and minor transactions.

There are, however, disadvantages in using weighed quantities of these metals. Dishonest persons may mix them with less valuable metals of the same appearance and weight. In time, so many mixtures might then be passing from hand to hand that every businessman would need to be accompanied by an assayer to test and weigh every piece presented to him. The obvious way out of this difficulty is for the state to make coins of a standard shape, weight and fineness which are then called currency.

I.Read the passage carefully and choose the most appropriate option from those which are given below:

1.When human communities began to settle down and cultivate the land, instead of wandering over it with their flocks and herds, the division of labour increased and people specialized in:

(a) agricultural activities

(b) crafts and trades

(c) providing dairy products

(d) stitching garments

2.In the Pastoral stage of human history history, what was considered as medium of exchange:

(a) cattles

(b) castles

(c) jewellery

(d) garments

3)The state of making coins of a standard shape, weight and fineness are called:

(a) precious

(b) continent

(c) capital

(d) currency 

II.(a) Answer the following questions briefly: 

1.How do primitive men used to live?

2.In exchange of surplus what does earlier man used to do?

3.When men had learnt to domesticate wild animals, man lived a _________________

4.Pecuniary meaning ________________

(b) Fill in the blanks with one word only:

As the road to wealth was then the possession of _______, money in its modern form was still not necessary, although he beasts themselves were a _______. It would suit, what few _______ there were to be paid for their wares in cattle and farmers and _______ to pay in that way.

III. Find words from the passage which mean the following:

(a) Grasslands for grazing (para 1)

(b) Direct (para 2)

Suggested Answers for the above questions:

I.1. (b) crafts and trades

(a) cattles

(d) currency

II.(a) 1. Primitive men used to live by hunting, each hunt is only for himself and his family or tribe.

2.In exchange of surplus, they wanted something which would give them the power to choose what they wanted from the surpluses from other people.

3.nomadic and pastoral life.

4.Concerned with money.

(b) (a) beasts

(b) form of money

(c) craftsmen

(d) herdsmen

III.  (a) Pastures

(b) Straightforward

More Unseen Passage for Class 12 English with Answers......

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :
 
Thackeray reached Kittur along with a small British army force and a few of his officers. He thought that the very presence of the British on the outskirts of Kittur would terrorise the rulers and people of Kittur and that they would lay down their arms. He was quite confident that he would be able to crush the revolt in no time. He ordered that tents be erected on the eastern side for the fighting forces and a little away on the western slopes tents be put up for the family members of the officers who had accompanied them. During the afternoon and evening of 20th October, the British soldiers were busy making arrangements for these camps.
 
On the 21st morning, Thackeray sent his political assistants to Kittur fort to obtain a written assurance from all the important officers of Kittur rendering them answerable for the security of the treasury of Kittur. They, accordingly, met Sardar Gurusiddappa and other officers of Kittur and asked them to comply with the orders of Thackeray. They did not know that the people were in a defiant mood. The commanders of Kittur dismissed the agent’s orders as no documents could be signed without sanction from Rani Chennamma.
 
Thackeray was enraged and sent for his commander of the Horse Artillery, which was about 100 strong, ordered him to rush his artillery into the fort and capture the commanders of the Desai’s army. When the Horse Artillery stormed into the fort, Sardar Gurusiddappa, who had kept his men on full alert, promptly commanded his men to repel and chase them away. The Kittur forces made a bold front and overpowered the British soldiers.
 
In the meanwhile, the Desai’s guards had shut the gates of the fort and the British Horse Artillery men, being completely overrun and routed, had to get out through the escape window, Rani’s soldiers chased them out of the fort, killing a few of them until they retreated Moret the outskirts.
 
A few of the British had found refuge in some private residences, while some were hiding in their tents. The Kittur soldiers captured about forty persons and brought them to the palace. These included twelve children and a few women from the British officers’ camp. When they were brought in the presence of the Rani, she ordered the soldiers to be imprisoned. For the women and children she had only gentleness, and admonished her soldiers for taking them into custody. At her orders, these women and children were taken inside the palace and given food and shelter. Rani came down from her throne, patted the children lovingly and told them that no harm would come to them.
 
She then, sent word through a messenger to Thackeray that the British women and children were safe and could be taken back any time. Seeing this noble gesture of the Rani, he was moved. He wanted to meet this gracious lady and talk to her. He even thought of trying to persuade her to enter into an agreement with the British to stop all hostilities in lieu of an inam (prize) of eleven villages. His offer was dismissed with a gesture of contempt. She had no wish to meet Thackeray. That night she called Sardar Gurusiddappa and other leading Sardars and after discussing all the issues came to the conclusion that there was no point in meeting Thackeray who had come with an army to threaten Kittur into submission to British sovereignty.
 
On the basis of your understanding of the above passage complete the statements given below with the help of options that follow:

(a) Thackeray was a/an :
(i) British tourist
(ii) army officer
(iii) adviser to Rani of Kittur
(iv) treasury officer
 
(b) British women and children came to Kittur to :
(i) visit Kittur
(ii) enjoy life in tents
(iii) stay in the palace
(iv) give company to officers
 
Answer the following questions briefly :

(c) Why did Thackeray come to Kittur?
(d) Why did the Kittur officials refuse to give the desired assurance to Thackeray?
(e) What happened to the Horse Artillery?
(f) How do we know that the Rani was a noble queen?
(g) How in your opinion would the British women have felt after meeting the Rani?
(h) Why did the Rani refuse to meet Thackeray?
(i) Find words from the passage which mean the same as the following :
(i) entered forcibly (para 3)
(ii) aggressive/refusing to obey (para 2)
 
Suggested answers for the above passage:

(a) (ii) 
 
(b) (iv)

(c) Thackeray came to Kittur because he thought that the presence of British on the outskirts would terrorise the rulers and the people, which would enable him to crush the revolt in no time.
 
(d) Kittur officials refused to give the desired assurance to Thackeray because no documents could be signed without sanction from Rani Chennamma.
 
(e) As the Horse Artillery approached the fort, Sardar Gurusiddappa promptly commanded his men to repel and chase them away. The Kittur forces made a bold front and overpowered the British soldiers.
 
(f) The British women and children captured along with the men were treated with kindness and compassion by the Rani. She ordered them to be fed and given shelter in the palace itself. Later, she sent a word through a messenger to Thackeray that the British women and children were safe and could be taken back any time.
 
(g) After meeting the Rani, the British women would have felt scared at first, but safe and well respected later.
 
(h) The Rani refused to meet Thackeray because she saw no points in meeting the man who had come with an army to threaten Kittur into submission to British sosvereignty.
 
(i) (i) Stormed into (ii) Defiant

Tags: 

 


Click for more English Study Material

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

CBSE Assessment Framework

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) today, announced a suggested competency-based assessment framework to strengthen India’s existing school education system for secondary level (classes 6-10) and improve the overall learning outcomes of students across...

Time management for CBSE students

The first thing to learn about Time Management is that time is theoretical so you can’t really manage it. What you do when you get into time management, is that you manage yourself. You decide what has to be done, when it must be done and how to do it in the stipulated...

ICSE Board Exams Cancelled

The ICSE (Class X) 2021 Examination: Given the present worsening situation of the Covid- 19 Pandemic in the country, the CISCE has decided to CANCEL the ICSE (Class X) 2021 Examination. The options given in the earlier Circular dated 16th April 2021, now stands...

Class 10 Boards Cancelled Class 12 postponed

Looking to the present situation of the pandemic and school closures, and also taking in account the safety and well-being of the students, it is decided as follows:   1. The Board Exams for Class XIIth to be held from May 4th to June, 14th, 2021 are hereby postponed....

Latest CBSE Syllabus for 2021 2022 PDF Download

Latest Syllabus for Class 12 for 2021 2022 Latest Syllabus for Class 11 for 2021 2022 Latest Syllabus for Class 10 for 2021 2022 Latest Syllabus for Class 9 for 2021 2022 CBSE has issued the latest syllabus for the academic year 2021 2022 which is applicable for all...

×
Studies Today