CBSE Class 12 English Unseen Passage C. Students should do unseen passages for class 12 English which will help them to get better marks in English class tests and exams. Unseen passages are really scoring and practicing them on regular basis will be very useful. Refer to the unseen passage below with answers.
Read the passage below:
Doing housework, taking care of children and carrying out assorted jobs for husbands are work just as much as is performing paid employment in an office or factory. To ignore this is to do a disservice to women in the labor force. The reality of housework is that women's work in the homes average 56 hours per week for full time homemaker and 26 hours per week for the employed wife/mother. Husbands and children barely increase their contribution to housework and child care when the wife/mother is in the labor force. As a result, the employed women give up most of her leisure to carry out the responsibilities of family life.
We realize that it may sound strange to hear women's activities in the home, called work. Since women, who do housework and take care of children receive no salary or wages; home-making is not considered 'work'. Economists have finally helped us to recognize the importance of women's work in the family by estimating the monetary value of home-making. These estimates range from $ 4,705 (1968) through $ 8200 (1972) to over $ 13,000 per year in 1973 depending on whether the work of the home-maker is considered equivalent to an unskilled, skilled or a professional worker, respectively. For example, is child care comparable to baby-sitting at $ 0.75 per hour, to a nursery school aid at $ 3 per hour, or to the care of a child psychologist at $ 30 per hour?
Some people have proposed that the solution to the problems of the employed housewife would be simply to pay women for being housewives. Hence, women with heavy family responsibilities would not have to enter the labor force in order to gain income for themselves and/or their families. This is not a solution for many reasons - wages provide income, but they do not remedy the isolating nature of the work itself nor the negative attitudes housewives themselves have towards housework (but not towards child care).
Wages for housework would reinforce occupational stereotyping by freezing women into their traditional roles. Unless women and men are paid equally in the labor force and there is no division of labor based on sex, women's work in the home will have no value.
Since it is not clear what constitutes housework, and we know that housework standards vary greatly, it would be difficult to know how to reward it.
Pay for housework might place home makers (mainly wives) in the difficult position of having their work assessed by their husbands, while in the case of single home-makers, it is not clear who would does the assessing.
Wages for housework, derived from spouse payments overlook the contribution women make to the society by training children to be good citizens and assume that their work is only beneficial to their own families.
Finally, payment for housework does not address itself to the basic reason why women with family responsibilities work; to increase family income over that which the employed husband/father makes. Also, single women with family responsibilities work because they are the family bread winners.
It may seem puzzling that the hours of U.S. women's home activities have not declined because of the availability of many appliances (washing machines, gas and electric ranges, blenders etc.) and convenience products (prepared soaps, frozen foods, dried food etc.). The truth is that appliances tend to be energy-saving, rather than time-saving, and lead to a rise in the standard of house-keeping. Hence women today spend more time than their grandmothers, doing laundry, since family members demand more frequent changes of clothing today than in earlier generations. Husbands and children expect more varied meals. Advertising encourages women to devote an inordinate amount of time and money to waxing floors, creating rooms free of odour-causing germs and seeking to meet other extraordinary standards of cleanliness. Furthermore, the increasing concern with good nutrition means that many home-makers are now spending more time preparing foods that are not available in the market-place, or which are only available at great costs.
I. Read the passage carefully and choose the most appropriate option from those which are given below:
1.Whom of them barely increase their contribution to household works:
(a) Husbands and children
(b) Mother and father
2.Work of the home maker is considered equivalent to:
(a) An unskilled worker
(b) A skilled worker
(c) A professional worker
(d) All of them
3.Single women with family responsibilities work because they are:
(a) Don't want to sit idle at home
(b) Earn money for the family
(c) Family bread winners
(d) Enjoy their work in offices
II (a) Answer the following questions briefly:
1.Why home making is not considered as work?
2.Why do single women work?
3.Home maker is considered equivalent to an ___________________
4.Wages for housework would _________________
(b) Fill in the blanks with one word only:
Wages for housework, derived from _______ payments overlook the contribution women make to the society by training ________ to be good _________ and assume that their work is only __________ to their own families.
III. Find words from the passage which mean the following:
(a) separating (Para 3)
(b) routine work (Para 4)
Suggested answers for the above questions:
I.1) (a) Husbands and children
2) (d) All of them
3) (c) Family bread winners
II.(a) 1.Women who do housework and take care of children receive no salary or wages, home-making is not considered work.
2.Single women with family responsibilities work because they are the family bread winners.
3.an unskilled, skilled or a professional worker, respectively.
4.reinforce occupational stereotyping by freezing women into their traditional roles.
(b) (a) spouse
III) (a) isolating