CBSE Class 10 Physics Electricity Notes

Scroll down for PDF

CBSE Class 10 Physics Electricity Notes. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.

Class X: Physics

Chapter 3: Electricity

Chapter Notes

Key Learnings:

1. Electric current is the rate of flow of charge.

2. Battery provides the driving force required to move the charges along the wire from one terminal to another.

3. The constant voltage difference between the two terminals of the wire maintains the constant electric current through the wire.

4. Electric current is measured in terms of amperes where 1 ampere = 1 coulomb / second

5. Voltage is measured in terms of volt where 1 volt = 1 joule /coulomb

6. Resistance is a property that resists the flow of electrons in a conductor. It controls the magnitude of the current. The SI unit of resistance is ohm (Ω).

7. Resistivity is defined as the resistance offered by a cube of the material of side 1 m when the current flows perpendicular to the opposite faces of the cube.

8. Ohm’s law: The potential difference across the ends of a resistor is directly proportional to the current through it, provided its temperature remains the same.

9. The resistance of a conductor depends directly on its length, inversely on its area of cross – section, and also on the material of the conductor.

10. In Series combination of resistors:

- The current flowing through each resistor is the same

- The potential difference across the ends of the series combination is distributed across the resistors

- The equivalent resistance is greater than the greatest resistance in the combination.

11. In Parallel combination of resistors:

- The potential difference across each resistor is same and is equal to the potential difference across the combination.

- The main current divides itself and a different current flow through each resistor.

- The equivalent resistance is lesser than the least of all the resistances.

12. The effect of heating current due to which heat is produced in a wire when current is passed through it is called heating effect of current.

13. Electric power is the rate at which electrical energy is produced or consumed in an electric circuit.

14. The unit of power is watt (W). One watt of power is consumed when 1 A of current flows at a potential difference of 1 V.

15. The commercial unit of electric energy is kilowatt hour (kW h), commonly known a ‘unit’.

Please click the link below to download pdf file for CBSE Class 10 Physics Electricity Notes.

Tags: 


Click on the text For more study material for Physics please click here - Physics

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

Simple tips to Excel in Examinations

We are entering the last quarter of the Academic Session. With examinations just around the corner, I am sure all of us are carrying a mixed bag of Stress, Excitement, and Anxieties!! So, first and foremost- Let’s be Positive and Futuristic! It’s most important to...

CBSE Counseling for Board exam 2020 starts today

The 23rd psychological Counseling starts 1st February (today) for The Class10 and Class12 CBSE students and their parents, by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).    This Counseling service is cost-free and this counseling service will be available every...

CBSE Board Exam Date Sheet of class 10th and 12th

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) released the Date sheet of Class 10 and Class 12th 2020 examination on the official website cbse.nic.in. The board examination of Class 12 will be conducted from 15 February to 30 March 2020, while the board examination...

×
Studies Today