CBSE Class 10 Science Life Processes Notes Set C

Download CBSE Class 10 Science Life Processes Notes Set C in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 10 Science have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for Science in Standard 10. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 10 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 10 Science for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 10 Science given our website

Revision Notes for Class 10 Science Life Processes

Class 10 Science students should refer to the following concepts and notes for Life Processes in standard 10. These exam notes for Grade 10 Science will be very useful for upcoming class tests and examinations and help you to score good marks

Life Processes Notes Class 10 Science

Question. Define the following terms:

1) nutrition

2) photosynthesis

3) peristalsis

4) excretion

5) osmoregulation

6) holozoic nutrition

Answer: 1) 1 Nutrition-It is the mode of taking food by an organism and its utilization by the body.

2) Photosynthesis-It is the process by which green plants can prepare their own food in the presence of sunlight, carbondioxide , water, minerals and chlorophyll.

3) peristalsis:-it is a wave of contraction and expansion that takes place in the Alimentary canal. It pushes the food forward.

4) excretion:-the process of elimination of metabolic waste from the body.

5) osmoregulation :-regulating the amount of water and salts in the body.

6) holozoic nutrition:-it is the mode of heterotrophic nutrition that involves The intake of solid food.

CBSE Class 10 Biology Life Processes Notes (1)

Class 10 Biology Life Processes Notes (1)

Question. How do plants get rid of their waste products?
Answer: Plants get rid of their waste products by:
1) waste products are stored in old leaves that soon fall off.
2) Bark consists of dead cells which is peeled off periodically.
3) Some waste substances are excreted by roots.
4) Resins, gums , tannins etc are stored in old xylem.

Question. How does amoeba dispose off its waste products?
Answer: amoeba lacks excretory organs. Waste products like ammonia and CO2 are passed outside through the process of diffusion. Contractile vacuole also plays an important role in

CBSE Class 10 Science Life Processes Notes Set C

 

Question. Describe the mechanism of urine formation in humans.
Answer: its completed in 4 steps:
a) glomerular filtration: blood flows under pressure inside the glomerulus . as a result, it undergoes ultrafiltration. Urea, uric acid, amino acids, hormones, glucose, ions and water are filtered out and enter the Bowmans capsule.
b) Reabsorption:the filtrate passes thru proximal convoluted tubule. The capillaries absorb all the useful components like: glucose, amino acids, ions etc.
c) Tubular secretion: it occurs in distal convoluted tubule. It is the active secretion of waste by the blood capillaries into the urinary tubule. It ensures the removal of all the waste from the blood.
d) Concentration of urine: 75% of water is reabsorbed in proximal convoluted tubule.some 10% of water reabsorbed in henles loop.
e) Ureters : these are the narrow muscular tubesthat carry urine from kidneys to urinary bladder.
f) Urinary bladder: it is a pear shaped sac that stores urine.
g) Utrethra: it is a tube that takes urine from bladder to outside.

Question. Why is trachea lined with the rings of cartilage?
Answer: Trachea is lined with the rings of cartilage to prevent it from collapsing.

Question. Identify the respiratory organ in :
a)leech
Answer: a) skin b) trachea/ spiracles c) gills
b) cockroach c) crab d)mussel e)tadpole
d) gills e) gills

Question. How do plants exchange gases?
Answer:  Plants exchange gases by the process of diffusion. Stomata help in the exchange of gases. CO2 gas is taken in and O2 is released by the process of photosynthesis.

Question. What is the role of HCL in the stomach.
Answer:  it has two roles:
1) kills the microbes that enter along with food.
2) Creates an acidic medium for pepsin functioning.

Question. Name the raw materials of photosynthesis .
Answer: 4 requirements of photosynthesis are-
1 carbondioxide –is taken through stomata.
2 water and minerals- are transported to the leaves by the vessels.
3 chlorophyll-is present in the leaves of the plants.
4 sunlight-is absorbed by the chlorophyll present in the leaves.

Question. Identify the specific mode of nutrition in :
a) cuscuta
Answer: a) parasitic
b) ascaris
b) parasitic
c) mushroom
d) deer
c) saprophytic
e) humans
d)and e) holozoic

Question. What is fermentation? What is its use?
Answer:  fermentation is the kind of anaerobic respiration carried out by a unicellular organism called yeast. Yeast converts a sugar solution into alcohol and also releases CO2 Gas during this process. Its used in bakery and brewery industries.

Question. Mention the raw materials needed for photosynthesis.
Answer: 4 requirements of photosynthesis are-
1 carbondioxide –is taken through stomatas
2 water and minerals- are transported to the leaves by the vessels.
3 chlorophyll-is present in the leaves of the plants.
4 sunlight-is absorbed by the chlorophyll present in the leaves.

Question. Draw a well labeled diagram of human respiratory system.
Answer:

CBSE Class 10 Science Life Processes Notes Set C

CBSE Class 10 Biology Life Processes Notes

CBSE Class 10 Biology Life Processes Notes

CBSE Class 10 Biology Life Processes Notes

Question. why do aquatic organisms show a higher breathing rate?
Answer: this is bcos, water has low O2 content than the content of O2 in air.

Question. why do we feel muscle cramps after heavy exercise?
Answer: this is bcos our cells and tissues become O2 deficient and start undergoing anaerobic respiration. This produces lactic acid and we feel muscle cramps.

Question. Why is it advised to breathe thru nose?
Answer: The mucus and hair present in the nasal cavity help to filter the inhaled air.

Question. What is a diaphragm?
Answer: it’s a muscular partition between thorax and abdomen,it can bcum flat or dome shaped due to contraction and relaxation of muscles.

Question. What is the other name of larynx?
Answer: it is also called adam’s apple.

Please click the link below to download CBSE CBSE Class 10 Science Life Processes Notes Set C.

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