Assignment for Class 12 History Themes In Indian History-Ii Chapters
Class 12 History students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Themes In Indian History-Ii Chapters in standard 12. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 12 History will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks
Themes In Indian History-Ii Chapters Class 12 History Assignment
CBSE Class 12 History Medieval India Assignment. Based on CBSE and CCE guidelines. The students should read these basic concepts to gain perfection which will help him to get more marks in CBSE examination.
Q.1 Name any two travellers who came India during the medieval period (11th to 17th C)?
Ans. 1. Al Biruni (11th Century) from Uzbekistan
2. Ibn-Battuta (14th Century ) from North western Africa, Morocco.
3. Francois Bernier (17th Century) from France
Q.2 What was the Al-Biruni’s objective to came India?
Ans. (1) To help those who want to discuss religious questions with them.
(2) As a repertory of information to those who want to associate with them.
Q.3 Do you think Al-Biruni depended only on Sanskrit texts for his information and understanding of Indian society?
Ans. Yes, Al-Biruni depended almost exclusively on the work of Brahmanas, often citing passages from the Vedas the Purana, the Bhagavad Gita the works of Patanjali the Manusmriti etc., to provide an understanding of Indian society.
Q.4 Name the Plants found in India which amazed Ibn-Battuta.
Ans. Coconut – He wrote that the nuts of coconut resembles a man’s head. Paan – He wrote about Paan that the betel has no fruit and is grown only for the sake of his leaves..
Q5. What was the more complex social reality which Bernier’s notice in the Mughal Empire?
Ans. (i) He felt that artisans had not incentive to improve the quality of their manufacturers because profits were appropriated by the state. Thus production was on the verge of decline.
(ii) At the same time, he conceded that vast quantities of the world’s precious metals (gold & silver) flowed into India in exporting manufactures.
Q.6 What were the “barriers” discussed by Al-Biruni that obstructed him in understanding India?
Ans. Following were the barriers he faced in understanding India –
1. Problems of Language – According to him, Sanskrit was so different from Arabic and Persian that ideas and concept could not be easily translated from one language.
2. Difference of religion beliefs and practices – He was Muslim and his religious beliefs and practices were quit different from India.
3. Self-absorption and insularity of the local population - According to him the third barrier was the isolation policy of the Indians.
Q7. According to Bernier, What were the evils-effects of the crown ownership of land?
Ans. (1) Absence of ownership of land, landholders could not pass on their land to their children. Thus they didn’t take any interest in increasing production.
(2) It prevented the emergence of the “improving” landlords.
(3) It led to the ruination of agriculture.
(4) It brought a continuous decline in the living standard of all sections of society.
(5) It led to the excessive oppression of the peasantry.
Please refer to attached file for CBSE Class 12 History Medieval India Assignment
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