CBSE Class 7 Social Science Sample Paper Set F

CBSE Class 7 Social Science Sample Paper Set F. It’s always recommended to practice as many CBSE sample papers as possible before the examinations. The latest sample papers have been designed as per the latest blue prints, syllabus and examination trends. Sample papers should be practiced in examination condition at home or school and also show it to your teachers for checking or compare with the answers provided. Students can download the sample papers in pdf format free and score better marks in examinations. Refer to other links too for latest sample papers.

1 Name the layer of the earth having highest temperature and pressure.

Ans: Central core

2 At what speed the Indian plate is moving in the northward direction

Ans: 26-36 mm/year

3 State any one use of atmosphere.

Ans: a. It provides us the air we breathe.

b. protects us from the harmful effects of the sun’s rays

4 Who is the present Education minister?

Ans: SmritiIrani

5 What does O.P.D stand for?

Ans: Out Patient Department.

6 Define the term ‘Ballot Box Equality’

Ans: it means that the people get the same equal right to vote.

7 Why was the fight for Kanauj termed as ‘Tripartite struggle’?

Ans: because it involved three dynasties.

8 Name the ruler who recognized that Raziyya was more able than all her brothers.

Ans: Minhaj-i-Siraj

9 How did the Mughal Empire establish itself in India?

Ans: In 1526 Babur defeated the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, at Panipat and captured Delhi and Agra.

10 Give any three characteristic feature of the Crust.

Ans: (any3)

1. The uppermost layer over the earth’s surface is called the crust.

2. It is the thinnest of all the layers.

3. It is about 35 km on the continental masses and only 5 km on the ocean floors.

4. The main mineral constituents of the continental mass are silica and alumina. It is thus called sial (si-silica and al-alumina).

5. The oceanic crust mainly consists of silica and magnesium; it is therefore called sima (sisilica and ma-magnesium)

11 Name the feature formed in the diagram and also label it.

Ans: 1. Delta

2. Main river

3. Distributary

12 Explain the three different types of rainfall patterns.

Ans:Rainfall can be classified into three types:

1. Convectional Rainfall: When hot air expands and rise to the upper layer of the atmosphere, condensation takes place which leads to formation of clouds. These clouds produce sudden and heavy rainfall. It's a daily feature in the equatorial regions.

2. Relief Rainfall: Relief rain occurs when warm air is forced to cool when it rises over a hill or mountain and then condenses. The other name for relief rain is orographic rainfall. The windward side of the mountains receives heavier rainfall in comparison to that of the leeward side (opposite) of the mountain receives little or no rain at all. It always produces a rain shadow effect.

3. Cyclonic Rainfall: When warm air mass and cold air mass meet, the warm air being lighter climbs over the cold air and cools down, leading to formation of clouds and then rainfall. This type of rain usually is due to the occurrence of cyclonic activities.

13 State the kind of Private Health facilities available in rural and urban areas.

Ans: Following are the facilities available in rural and urban areas:

1. In rural areas, one finds Registered Medical Practitioners (RMPs).

2. Urban areas have large number of doctors, many of them providing specialized services.

There are hospitals and nursing homes that are privately owned.

3. There are many laboratories that do tests and offer special facilities such as X-ray, ultrasound, etc.

4. There are also shops from where to buy medicines.

14 What is the purpose behind holding a press conference?

Ans: 1. Press conference is a gathering of journalists from media.

2. They are invited to hear about and ask various questions on a particular issue

3. And are then expected to report about the same to the larger public.

15 ‘Indian Constitution is considered as a living document’,Why?

Ans: 1. Referring to the Constitution as a living document means something that has real meaning in our lives.

2. In a democracy, there are always communities and individuals’ trying to expand the idea of democracy and push for a greater recognition of equality on existing as well as new issues and their struggle is inspired by the recognition of equality for all by the Indian constitution.

3. For E.g. The constitution of India gives an opportunity to amend its existing laws according to changing times.

16 State some of reasons for inequality in our society and explain them.

Ans: · Poverty

· Lack of resources

· Discrimination on the basis of a person’s religion, caste and sex (1.5marks)

Explaining (1.5 marks)

17 Emphasis on the significance of 'tripartite struggle.

Ans: (i) It was a struggle for wealth.

(ii)Warfare was over the annexation of high prized area in the Ganga Valley, named Kannauj

(iii) Rulers belonging to Gurjara -Pratihara, Rashtrakuta and Pala dynasties fought for control over Kannauj.

18 Who was Mahmud of Ghazni? List down his military campaigns and achievements.

Ans: Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni was the ruler of Afghanistan. (any3)

1. He ruled from 997 to 1030, and extended control over parts of Central Asia, Iran and the north-western part of the subcontinent.

2. He raided the subcontinent almost every year – his targets were wealthy temples, including that of Somnath, Gujarat.

3. Much of the wealth Mahmud carried away was used to create a splendid capital city at Ghazni.

4. He was interested in finding out more about the people he conquered, and entrusted a scholar named al-Biruni to write an account of the subcontinent.

5. This Arabic work, known as the Kitab-al Hind, remains an important source for historians. He consulted Sanskrit scholars to prepare this account

19 Mention distinctive activities associated with the Chola temples. (any3)

Ans: Ans: the following activities were associated with temples:

· Temples were nuclei of settlement around which settlement grew.

· Temples were centre of craft production

· The produce of the land owned by the temple went into maintain- priests, garland makers, cooks, sweepers, musician, dancers etc.

· they were the centres of socio, economic, cultural activities

· Bronze image were also made in chola temple.

20 State the objective of building so many mosques in the cities by the Sultanate rulers.

Ans: 1. The Delhi Sultans built several mosques in cities all over the subcontinent. 2. These demonstrated their claims to be protectors of Islam and Muslims.

3. Mosques also helped to create the sense of a community of believers who shared a belief system and a code of conduct.

4. It was necessary to reinforce this idea of a community because Muslims came from a variety of backgrounds.

21 Describe Akbar’s administration with reference to Mansabdars

Ans: The term mansabdar refers to an individual who holds a mansab, meaning a position or rank. It was a grading system used by the Mughal to fix

(1) rank,

(2) salary and

(3) military responsibilities.

Rank and salary were determined by a numerical value called zat. The higher the zat, the more prestigious was the noble’s position in court and the larger his salary.

22 Explain the process of Rock cycle with the help of a diagram.

Ans: a. When the molten magma cools, it solidifies to become igneous rock.

b. These igneous rocks are broken into small particles that are transported and deposited to form sedimentary rocks.

c. When igneous and sedimentary rocks are subjected to heat and pressure they change into metamorphic rocks.

d. The metamorphic rocks which are still under great heat and pressure melt down to form the molten magma This molten magma again cools down and solidify into igneous rocks.

Diagram (1mark)

23 Give an account of the erosional landform features carved by sea waves. Support your answer with the help of a diagram.

Ans: The erosional features formed by sea waves in the coastal areas are as follows:

(a) Sea Caves: Sea waves continuously strike at the rocks. Cracks develop. Over time they become larger and wider. Thus, hollow like caves are formed on the rocks. They are called sea caves.

(b) Sea Arches: When these cavities become bigger and bigger only the roof of the caves remain, thus forming sea arches.

(c) Stacks: Further, erosion breaks the roof and only walls are left. These walls like features are called stacks.

(d) Sea Cliff: The steep rocky coast rising almost vertically above sea water is called sea cliff. diagram (1mark)

24 Which layer of atmosphere is ideal for flying of aero planes? Mention any four characteristic features of this layer.

Ans: 1. Stratosphere

2. • This layer is next to troposphere and it extends from 15 kms to 50 kms.

• This layer is free from weather changes, cloud formation and dust particles. Hence, this layer

is ideal for the air transportation.

• Ozone layer is present here. Ozone layer absorbs/reflects the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun.

• The boundary separating stratosphere and mesosphere is known as stratopause.

25 1. Who was Ibn Battuta?

Ans: traveler from Morocco

2. What information did Ibn Battuta provide regarding the chieftains in India?

Ans: a. chieftains have fortified themselves in mountains, uneven and rugged places in bamboo groves.

b. In several parts fire cannot affect them.

c. Live in forest, which have cattle and crop.

3. What strategy did he suggest to subdue these chieftains?

Ans: cut down the bamboos with specially prepared instruments.

26 Briefly explain the important measures taken by Akbar to consolidate his empire.

Ans: 1. When Akbar was crowned in 1556 A.D. the Mughal Empire was scattered. 2. He established a vast kingdom by conquering other kingdoms.

3. He captured Gwalior, Ajmer, Jaunpur and Malwa. He also succeeded in capturing the famous forts of Ranthambhor and Chittor.

4. Military campaigns in Gujarat were followed by campaigns in the east in Bihar, Bengal and Orissa. Akbar's armies also conquered Kabul, Sind and Baluchistan.

5. From 1595 to 1601 the Mughal forces remained busy in the annexation of Berar, Khandeshand parts of Ahmadnagar.

27 “Is adequate healthcare available to all?” Discuss

Ans: No (1mark)

2. In India, we face a situation where private services are increasing but public services are not. What is then available to people are mainly private services. These are concentrated in urban areas.

3. As these services are run for profit, the cost of these services is rather high. Medicines are expensive. Many people cannot afford them.

4. Sometimes it is not only the lack of money that prevents people from getting proper medical treatment.

5. Women, for example, are not taken to a doctor in a prompt manner. Women’s health concerns are considered to be less important than the health of men in the family.

6. Many tribal areas have few health centres and they do not run properly. Even private health services are not available.

28 Who is a Chief Minister? Discuss the role of Chief Minister in the state administration.

Ans: The head of the government of the state is called the chief minister.

· One of the important functions of the CM is to select the other MLAs of his party as ministers. The chief minister and the other ministers have the responsibility of running various government departments or ministries.

· Ministers take actions and implement decisions through various departments like the Public works department, health department, and education department etc.

· The CM and the ministers can also decide to make new laws.

· The CM and the ministers also have to explain and answer the questions raised by the press and the people.

29 How did the TawaMatsyaSangh put pressure on the government to redress their problem?

Ans: The TawaMatsyaSangh is a federation of Fisher worker’s cooperatives – an organisation fighting for the rights of the displaced forest dwellers of the Satpura forest in Madhya Pradesh.

· The government decided to build dam on river Tawa which began to be built in 1958 and was completed in 1978 which submerged large areas of forest and agricultural land. The forest dwellers were left with nothing.

· In 1994, the government gave the rights for fishing in the Tawa reservoir to private contractors. These contractors drove the local people away and got cheap labour from outside.

The contractors began to threaten the villagers, who did not want to leave, by bringing in hoodlums. The villagers stood united and decided that it was time to set up an organisation and do something to protect their rights.

· The newly formed TawaMatsyaSangh (TMS) organised rallies and a chakka jam (road blockade), demanding their right to continue fishing for their livelihood.

· In response to their protests, the government created a committee to assess the issue. The committee recommended that fishing rights be granted to the villagers for their livelihood. In 1996, the Madhya Pradesh government decided to give to the people displaced by the Tawa dam the fishing rights for the reservoir.

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