CBSE Class 7 Social Science State Government Executive Assignment Set A

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State Government
 
Answer the following questions in 1-15 words:-
 
Q 1. Write two qualifications required for the members of legislative assembly.
Ans.
1. He/She should be a citizen of India.
2. His/Her age should be above 25 years.
 
Q 2. What qualifications are required for a Governor?
Ans.
1. He/She should be a citizen of India.
2. His/Her age should be above 35 years.
3. He/She should not be a member of the state assembly.
 
Q 3. Who can be the secretary of some department?
Ans. The executive official of a department is known as secretary. He is appointed by UPSC.
 
Q 4. Name out, who is the chief minister and governor of Punjab?
Ans. Chief Minister- Sh. Captain Amarinder Singh.
Governor- Sh. V.P. Badnore.
 
Q 5. Who is the executive head of a state?
Ans. Governor.
 
Answer the following questions in 50-60 words:-
 
Q 6. Write in the short the functions of the Governor.
Ans. Governor is the nominal head of the state as president is in the central government.
1. He is the executive head of a state.
2. He appoints the Chief Minister and other ministers.
3. He recommends the names of judges of high court to the president.
4. He gives assent to bills passed by state legislature.
5. During president rule, he becomes the real administrator of the state.
 
Q 7. Write about the powers and functions of the Chief Minister.
Ans. The Chief Minister is the real head of the state government. His powers are as following:-
1. He provides a list of ministers to governor. The Governor appoints them ministers.
2. He distributes portfolios among the ministers.
3. He presides over the meetings of the cabinet.
4. He maintains good relationship with the central government.
 
Q 8. Give in brief the election procedure of legislative assembly.
Ans. Members of state legislature are called MLA. They are directly elected by the adult voters of the state. The term of legislative assembly is 5 years. There are 117 members in the Punjab legislative assembly.
 
Q 9. Give in brief the structure of legislative council.
Ans. There is bicameral legislature in some states of India. Legislative council is the upper house of state legislature. Its members are indirectly elected. Its term is 6 years. 1/3 of its members are being retired after every two years. This house can't be dissolved.
 
Q 10. Which civil officials (bureaucracy) run the state administration?
Ans. There are various subjects like education, irrigation, transport, health etc. in a state. Every department has a minister. The public servants (bureaucracy) of the department help the ministers to run the administration. The executive official of each department is known as ‘secretary’. The office of the secretaries is known as a 'secretariat'.
 
Q 11. Give five reasons of road accidents.
Ans.
1. Fast speed: - This is the main reason of road accidents. It is always difficult to control a vehicle at fast speed.
2. To ignore road signals: - sometimes drivers ignore the road signal to cross the road. In such situation there is every possibility of an accident.
3. Overloading of vehicles: - sometimes the owners overload their vehicles with goods or passengers. It hinders the view of other drivers and causes an accident.
4. Underage drivers: - children below 18 years of age start driving without having proper license. It is dangerous for their own and others' lives.
5. Drunken driving: - alcoholic drinks reduce the driving ability and cause road accidents.
 
Fill in the blanks:-
 
1. Sh. V.P. Badnore is the Governor of Punjab.
 
2. The state legislature of Punjab is uni-cameral.
 
3. Money bill can be introduced in the lower house of the state legislature.
 
4. The assent of Governor is essential for every type of bill.
 
5. The speaker presides over the meeting of the house of state legislature.
 
6. Governor is the head of the state.
 
7. Tenure of council of ministers is 5 years.
 
8. 1/6 members of legislative council are nominated by the Governor.
 
9. Maximum number of members of legislative assembly is 500.
 
10. Minimum number of legislative council can be 60.
 
Write True (√) or False (X) for each statement:
 
1. In India we have one centre government, 28 state governments and 7 union territories. (False) (28 state governments and 8 union territories)
 
2. The lower house of state legislature is called legislative council. (False)
 
3. Punjab state legislature is bicameral legislature. (False)
 
4. Governor has main executive power with him. (False)
 
5. The right of property is a fundamental right. (False)
 
Multiple Choice Questions:-
 
1. How many states are there in India?
A) 21
2) 25
3) 28 (√)
 
2. How many members are there in Punjab legislative assembly?
1) 117 (√)
2) 60
3) 105
 
3. By whom the chief minister is elected?
1) By President
2) By Governor (√)
3) by Speaker


More Question-

Q.1 Fill in the blanks.

i) The state which has one house is called_____________.

ii) Bill can become a law after the approval of ___________.

iii) The Vidhan Sabha is the ______________house of the state legislature.

iv) The Vidhan Parishad cannot be dissolved.It is a _______________body.

v)___________presides over the meetings of Vidhan Sabha.

vi) The members of Vidhan Parishad are called as __________.

vii) The role of a legislature is to_____________.

viii) ___________of the members of Vidhan Parishad retire every two years.

ix) The term of Vidhan Sabha is ______and Vidhan Parishad is ________.

x) ____________may pass a vote of no confidence against the ministers of state executive.

Q.2 Name the following.

i) He appoints the governor.

ii) The state civil service is headed by him.

iii) He administers a union territory.

iv)This is the name given to a department which is assigned to each cabinet minister.

v) He is the official head of a state.

vi)This commission selects all the civil servants of a state.

Q.3. Answer the following questions.

i) What does a bicameral state legislature in India consist of?

ii) What does the executive branch of a state government consist of?

iii) The executive is answerable to the legislature. Justify the statement.

iv) How are the MLCs of a state elected?

v) How does a bill to become a law?

vi) Write the powers of a governor.

vii) How is the chief minister of a state appointed?

viii) What are the main functions of the chief minister?

 

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