Assignment for Class 9 Science Chapter 14 Natural Resources
Class 9 Science students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Chapter 14 Natural Resources in standard 9. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 9 Science will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks
Chapter 14 Natural Resources Class 9 Science Assignment
Q 1 Name the outer layer of the earth.
Q 2 Write the name of two organisms, which take part in the nitrogen fixation.
Q 3 Define hydrosphere.
Q 4 What is atmosphere?
Q 5 What is the percentage of CO2 on Venus?
Q 6 Define combustion.
Q 7 What is the role of ozone layer?
Q 8 What will happen if the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere increases?
Q 9 How can you describe global warming?
Q 10 How is Earth‘s atmosphere different from that of Venus and Mars?
Q 11 At what stage water is said to be polluted?
Q 12 Name the man-made component which is responsible for the depletion of ozone layer.
Q 13 How is 'humus‘ formed?
Q 14 Why does the average temperature on earth remains fairly steady?
Q 15 What will be result if the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere increases?
Q 1 What is the outer layer of the earth known as?
Q 2 What is hydrosphere.
Q 3 What is atmosphere?
Q 4 Give the percentage of CO2 on Venus?
Q 5 Differentiate between the biotic and abiotic components?
Q 6 Atmosphere plays an important role in the climate control. Justify the statement.
Q 7 What is biosphere?
Q 8 What is water pollution?
Q 9 Define pollutants? Give examples of different types of the air pollutants.
Q 10 Give the wind movement during day in the coastal regions.
Q 11 Give the important role played by the dust and other suspended particles in the air with respect to rain drop formation.
Q 12 Give one method to control air pollution?
Q 13 What is acid rain.
Exam Questions NCERT Class 9 Science Chapter 14 Natural Resources
Question. Which method is commonly used for improving cattle breeds and why?
Ans : Cross breeding between a two good variety crops is called hybridization that also results in a new improved variety. Another way of improving the crop is by introducing a gene that would provide the desired characteristic. This results in genetically modified crops.
Question. What factors may be responsible for losses of grains during storage?
Ans : During the storage of grains, various biotic factors such as insects, rodents, mites, fungi, bacteria, etc. and various abiotic factors such as inappropriate moisture, temperature, lack of sunlight, etc. are responsible for losses of grains. These factors act on stored grains and result in degradation, poor germ inability, discolouration, etc.
Question. List any six factors for which variety improvement in crops is done.
(i) Higher yield,
(ii) Improved quality,
(iii) Biotic and abiotic resistance,
(iv) Change in maturity duration,
(v) Wider adaptability,
(vi) Desirable characteristics.
Question. Name two breeds of cows selected for long lactation period.
Ans : After giving the birth of a calf, a cow secretes milk. The duration of milk secretion of a cow that is the period of time till which the cow secretes milk is known as lactation period. Brown Swiss and jersey are selected for their long lactation period.
Question. Name two fresh initiatives taken to increase the water availability for agriculture.
Ans : Two new irrigation systems have been developed to save water and increase the availability of water to the crops. These are :
(1) Drip irrigation system : Here, water is supplied to the roots of the plants directly in a drop wise manner. This prevents unnecessary wastage of water.
(2) Sprinkler system : Here water is sprinkled over the crops like it happens in rain. So, water is absorbed by the soil in a better way.
Question. How do plants get nutrients?
Ans : Nutrients are supplied to plants by air, water and soil. Air supplies carbon and oxygen, hydrogen comes from water and soil supplies the other thirteen nutrients to plants.
Question. What are the new varieties obtained by cross breeding of Indian and exotic breeds of poultry?
Ans : The new variety/traits obtained by cross breeding of Indian and exotic breeds of poultry are :
(i) Number and quality of chicks
(ii) Dwarf broiler parent for commercial chick production
(iii) Summer adaptation capacity/tolerance to high temperature
(iv) Low maintenance requirements
(v) Reduction in the size of the egg-laying bird with ability to utilise more fibrous and cheaper diet, formulated using agricultural by products.
Question. Distinguish between a mullet and a prawn.
Ans : Mullet is a type of fish while prawn is a crustacean. Both live in water and serve as a food supplement worldwide. Prawn belongs to group arthropoda whereas mullet belongs to group Pisces.
Question. What is composite fish culture system? Mention one merit and one demerit of this system.
Ans : The composite fish culture system is a technology to grow both local and imported fish species in the water in the paddy field. One problem with such composite fish culture is that many of these fish breed only during monsoon mixed with other species, one of the advantages is that fish do not compete for food.
Question. What are the different ways/methods of hybridisation?
Hybridisation can be :
(i) Intervarietal – between different varieties of crops
(ii) Interspecific – between two species of same genus
(iii) Intergeneric – between two different genera
Question. What is organic farming?
Ans : Farming method in which no chemical fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides are used. Instead of using chemical, farmer uses all organic matter for growth of crops. Example : Manure, neem leaves as pesticides and for grain storage.
Question. Mention the components of food present in vegetable and fruits.
Ans : Vegetables, spices and fruits provide a range of vitamins and minerals in addition to small amounts of proteins, carbohydrates and fats.
Question. How does deficiency of nutrients affect the crop?
Ans : Physiological processes can be affected by deficiency of any nutrient in plants including reproduction, growth and susceptibility to diseases.
Question. What is Pisciculture?
Ans : The production and management of fish is called Pisciculture.
Question. What are the harmful effects of fertilizer?
Ans : Continuous use of fertilizer can cause of soil and water pollution and also destroy soil fertility.
Question. How does Bombay duck differ from common carp?
Ans : Bombay duck is a marine fish, while common carp is a freshwater fish.
Question. State the difference between compost and vermicompost.
Ans : The compost is obtained by decomposition of organic waste like animal excreta, plant waste, etc. naturally due to decomposition by bacteria. Vermi-compost : Red-worms are added to organic matter in the process of decomposition to obtain compost to fasten. This will fasten the process.
Question. Name any two weeds.
Ans : Parthenium and Xanthium.
Question. What causes disease in plants?
Ans : It is caused by pathogens such as bacteria, fungi and viruses.
Question. Name two Indian cattle.
Ans : Bos indicus - cows
Bos bubalis - buffaloes
Question. Name any two fodder crops.
Ans : Berseem and sudan grass are raised as food for the livestock, called fodder crops.
Question. What do you understand by photoperiod of sunlight?
Ans : Photoperiod are related to the duration of sunlight required for plant growth.
Question. Define hybridisation.
Ans : Hybridisation refers to crossing between genetically dissimilar plants, to obtain better variety of crops.
Question. What are genetically modified crops?
Ans : A gene with required characters can introduce into a crop for its improvement is called genetically modified crop.
Question. How does Bos indicus differ from Bos bubalis?
Ans : Bos indicus is a cow while Bos bubalis is a buffalo.
Question. How do insect pests attack the plant and affect it?
Ans : Insect pests attack the plants and reduces yield in three ways :
(i) They cut the root, stem and leaf.
(ii) They suck the cell sap from various parts of the plant.
(iii) They bore into stem and fruits.
Question. Define manures. What are its three different kinds? State two limitations of manures.
Ans : Manure is an organic matter prepared by the decomposition of animal excreta and plant waste. They are : Compost, vermi-composting and green manure.
Two limitations of manures are :
(i) Supplies small quantities of nutrients to the soil
(ii) Losses about half the available nitrogen
(iii) Releases greenhouse gases
Question. What is the advantage of crop rotation?
Ans : Rotation of crops helps in saving on nitrogenous fertilizers, because leguminous plants grown during the rotation of crops can fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil with the help of itrogen fixing bacteria.
Question. What are the types of food requirements of dairy animals? Why external and internal parasites live on and in the cattle can be fatal.
Ans : Roughage and concentrates are the types of food requirements of dairy animals. The external parasites live on the skin and mainly cause skin diseases. The internal parasites like worms, affect stomach and intestine while flukes damage the liver.
Question. Arrange the following boxes in proper order to make a flow chart of sugarcane crop production.
Ans : Sending crop to sugar factory " Irrigation " Harvesting " Sowing " Preparation of soil " Ploughing the field " Manuring Preparation of soil " Ploughing the field " Manuring
" Sowing " Irrigation " Harvesting " Sending crop to sugar factory.
Question. What are manures? Give its classification.
Ans : Substance rich in organic matter and also supplies small quantities of nutrients to soil is called manure. Manure is classified based on the kind of biological material used to make it as :
(i) Compost, (ii) Vermi-compost, (iii) Green manure.
(i) Compost : The manure prepared by decomposing farm waste, livestock excreta, plant waste, etc. in a pit is known as compost.
(ii) Vermi-compost : When the above given matter is allowed to decompose in the pit along with some earthworms to fasten the process of decomposition is called vermi-composting.
(iii) Green manure : Some plants like sun-hemp are used to prepare manure by mulching them into oil by plough is known as green manure.
Question. What are the different patterns of cropping?
What are the different cropping systems?
Ans : Different systems of growing crop :
(a) Mixed cropping : Two or more crops grow simultaneously on the same piece of land, is called mixed cropping.
Example : Wheat + grain, wheat + mustard.
(ii) Inter-cropping : It is a method of growing two or more crops simultaneously on the same field in a definite pattern. A few row of one crop alternate with a few rows of second crop.
Example : Soyabean + Maize or Bajra + Lobia.
(iii) Crop rotation : The growing of different crops on a piece of land in a succession is known as crop rotation.
Question. If wheat is sown in the kharif season, what would happen? Discuss.
Ans : The crop of wheat needs mild to moderate temperature and frost free days; along with irrigation but no water logging. Winters are suitable for growing wheat. In the kharif season; which coincides with the peak summer months in India, temperature is at its peak which is not suitable for wheat. Moreover, during rainy season lot of water accumulates in fields which would be harmful for wheat crop. Hence, if wheat is sown in the kharif season; the productivity would be minuscule and would not be profitable for the farmers.
Please refer to attached file for CBSE Class 9 Natural Resources
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