Class 7 Social Science How The State Government Works Exam Notes

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Class 7 Social Science How The State Government Works Exam Notes. Please refer to the examination notes which you can use for preparing and revising for exams. These notes will help you to revise the concepts quickly and get good marks.

Covers following topics:

1.Introduction

2.State Legislature

3.Legislative Council

4.Legislative Assembly

5.How Does A Bill Become A Law

6.Control Over The Council Of Ministers

7.State Executive

8.Powers Of The Governor

9.Chief Minister And His Council Of Minister

10.Working Of The Government

Introduction

1.India is one of the biggest democratic country with diversity. India is called a union of states with 28 states and 7 union territories.

2.There are two levels of government where the power is divided between the center and the state, in other words it is called federation.

3.India has a federal form of government, which means that there are two levels of government both at center and state. The constitution has distributed the powers and functions between the two governments.

4.All over the world the governments are made up of three organs – legislature, executive and judiciary. Let us learn more about their powers and functions.

State Legislature           

1.Every state has a legislature.

2.Some states have a unicameral legislature where they have only one house of legislature.

3.there are other states that have two houses of legislature called the bicameral legislature namely, Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad) and Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha).

Legislative Council

The legislative council is considered to be the upper house of the state legislature.

1.The Vidhan Parishad is a permanent house and can never be dissolved.

2.Each member serves for a term of 6 years.

3.One third of its members retire after 2 years.

4.The Vidhan Parishad must have a minimum of 40 members or more than one-third of the members of Vidhan Sabha. 

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