Class 7 Social Science On Equality Exam Notes. Please refer to the examination notes which you can use for preparing and revising for exams. These notes will help you to revise the concepts quickly and get good marks.
(a) On Equality
(i) Equality and democracy are dynamic and not static concept.
(ii) This dynamism is reflected in the government's passing of new laws and programmes, and in people's movements around various social and economic issues.
(iii) India is a democracy.
(iv) The key elements of a democratic government, include people's participation, the resolution of conflict, and equality and justice.
(v) Equality is a key feature of democracy and influences all aspects of its functioning.
Elements Of Equality
(a) Right to Vote
(i) In a democratic country, like India, all adults irrespective of what religion they belong to, how much education they have had, what caste they are, or whether they are rich or poor are allowed to vote.
(ii) This is called universal adult franchise and is an essential aspect of all democracies.
(iii) The idea of universal adult franchise is based on the idea of equality because it states that every adult in a country, irrespective of their wealth and the communities she/he belongs to, has one vote.
(b)Other Kinds of Equality
(i) Many people who live in democratic India and who have the right to vote but whose daily living and working conditions are far from equal.
(ii) Apart from being poor, people in India experience inequality in different ways.
(iii) One of the more common forms of inequality in India is the caste system. If you live in rural India your caste identity is something that you probably learned or experienced very young. If you live in urban India some of you might think that people no longer believe in caste.
(vi)The issue of caste continues to be in the minds of highly educated urban Indians.
(v) Dalit is a term that the so – called lower castes use to address themselves. Dalit means 'broken' and by using this word, lower castes are pointing to how they were, and continue to be, seriously discriminated against.
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