CBSE Class 9 English Reported Speech Notes

Scroll down for PDF

We can express thing spoken or told by others in 2 ways.

  1. To speak what the speaker said as it is - Direct Speech
  2. To express what the speaker said in our own words -Indirect Speech

If you ask your friend – “Where is your book”, the reply could be –“Your book is with Sam”.

Now, if I ask you, what did your friend tell you, then you can narrate that in 2 ways.

  1. He said to me, “your book is with Sam”. -Direct Narration.
  2. My friend told me that your book was with Sam. -Indirect Narration.


  1. Remove the inverted commas. (“………..”)
  2. Remove the full stop or comma after the reporting verb.
  3. If there is any object after the reporting verb then change’ said to’ to ‘told’ &’say ‘to ‘tell’.
  4. If there is no object after the reporting verb then no change in ‘said’ and ‘say’.
  5. Add necessary conjunction like ‘that, if, whether’ after the reporting verb.

(a) Changes in the Tense of Reported Speech (R.S.) :

if the reporting verb (R.V.) is in present or Future Tense, there is no change in the tense of R.S.

She says, “He is not here”. (Direct)

She says that he is not here (Indirect)

She will say, ”Tom drives a car”. (Direct)

She will say that Tom drives a car. (Indirect)


If R.V is in Past tense, then of R.S is changed as follows:

Simple present is changed into Simple Past.

John said to Jim, “Sam studies regularly”. (Direct)

John told Jim that Sam studied regularly. (Indirect)


Present Continuous is changed to Past Continuous.

Chappell said to Sachin, “Dravid is playing football”. (Direct)

Chappell told Sachin, the “Dravid was playing football”. (Indirect)


Present perfect is changed to past perfect.

Dhoni said, ”Pathan has gone to West Indies”. (Direct)

Dhoni said that Pathan had gone to West Indies”. (Indirect)


Present perfect Continuous is changed to past perfect Continuous.

My neighbour said, “The dogs have been braking for 2 hours”. (Direct)

My neighbour said that dogs had been braking for 2 hours”. (Indirect)


Simple past is changed to past perfect.

John said,” Jim went to U.S.A.” (Direct)

John said that Jim had gone to U.S.A. (Indirect)


Past continuous is changed to past perfect continuous.

She said, “Her sister was sleeping”. (Direct)

She said that her sister had been sleeping. (Indirect)


No changes in past perfect and past perfect continuous.

Papa said,” Johnny had eaten sugar”. (Direct)

Papa said that Johnny had eaten sugar. (Indirect)


Change in modals:

Can changes to could; May changes to should; will to would;

The principal said,” Student can go home”. (Direct)

The principal said that Student could go home. (Indirect)

Would, Should, Could, Might, Ought – do not change.

Must can be changed to ‘had to’ or used as it is.

We said, “The criminals must be punished”. (Direct)

We said that the criminals had to /must be punished”. (Indirect)


(b) Exceptions:

Historical Facts : Sir said,”Kalidas is the Shakespeare of India”. (Direct)

Sir said that Kalidas is the Shakespeare of India. (Indirect)

Universal Truth : The teacher said,” Sun rises in the East”. (Direct)

The teacher said that the Sun rises in the East”. (Indirect)

Habitual Facts : The Doctor said.” Smoking is injurious to health”. (Direct)

The Doctor said that Smoking is injurious to health”. (In direct)


(c) Changes in persons of pronoun:

(i) First person pronouns (I, me, my, mine, we, us. our, ours ,ourselves)in the R.V. when changed into indirect speech, change as per the person, Number andGender of the Subject of R.V.

They said, “We shall help our friends”. (Direct)

They said that the would help their friends. (Indirect)


(ii) Second person pronoun(you, you, yours, yourself, yourselves) in the R.V. when changed into indirect speech, change as per the person, Number andGender of the Subject of the Object.

She said to us, “You are intelligent”. (Direct)

She said to us that we are intelligent. (Indirect)

The teacher said to the student, “You” have passed with good marks”. (Direct)

The teacher told the student that they had passed with good marks. (Indirect)


No change in the Third Person Pronoun (He, She, It, They, Her, Its, Their, Theirs,Him, Himself, Herself, Themselves, Her, Hers)when changed from Direct into Indirect Speech.

  1. Greg said, “She is a good student”. (Direct)
  2. Greg said that She was a good student. (Indirect)


(d) Change of Situations :

‘this becomes ‘that’ 

‘these’ becomes ‘those’

‘least week’ becomes ‘the previous week’

‘here’ becomes ‘there’

‘now’ becomes ‘then’

‘today’ becomes ‘that day’

‘yesterday’ becomes ‘the day before/the previous day’

tomorrow’ becomes ‘the next day/ the coming day’

‘lest week’ becomes ‘the week before/the previous week’

‘next month’ becomes ‘the week before/the previous week’

‘ago’ becomes ‘before’

E .g.

Jacob said, “I read this book last month.” (Direct)

Jacob said that he had read that book the previous month (Indirect)

 Mary said, “I will meet Tom this evening” (Direct)

Mary said that she would meet Tom this evening (Indirect)

Marshall said to Ricky.” I cannot go with you till next Monday” (Direct)

Marshall said to Ricky.” I cannot go with you till next Monday” (Indirect)


(e) Imperative Situations :

Write “Ordered, begged, pleaded, implored, advised, demanded, Forbade ”etc. as per the sentences.

E .g.

The teacher said to me, “sit in your class and learn your lesson” (Direct)

The teacher ordered me to sit in my class and learn my lesson. (Indirect)


She said to him, ”Don’t touch my books” (Direct)

She forbade him to touch her books. (Indirect)


(f) Interrogative Sentences :

(i)For ‘wh’ question – use the wh word

Tim asked, “Where is the book ?” (Direct)

Tim asked Where the book was. ( Indirect)


(ii) For yes /No question – use if / whether

Surabhi asked, “Have you read this book?” (Direct)

Surabhi asked if whether I had read that book.

Click on the text For more study material for English please click here - English

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

TIPS: Study habits for success

Being a student is fairly a difficult job. Alongside maintaining your curricular as well as extra-curricular activities adds more to it. Performance in academics is one of the major concerns. Every parent now tries to get their children more indulged in studies. Need...


Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE is to conduct the 10th and 12th Board Examination 2020 from February 15, 2020. Due to University Admissions, CBSE has shifted Board Exams dates from 1 March to February 15 from 2019. This year too CBSE would be making changes...

NCERT NTSE Admit Card 2020 released - know more

Introduction: NTSE 2020 National Talent search examination is conducted by NCERT to take out the students who excel in science. It is organized to measure and let the students with talent outshine in their coming future. This talent search exam is taken in 2 stages....

Sample Papers for Class 10 Boards 2020

CBSE has recently released the Class 10 Sample Papers for Board exams which are to be held in March 2020. The sample papers have been for class 10 for all subjects along with the suggested marking scheme. CBSE releases these suggested papers every year so that the...

Extension of dates by CBSE for Single Girl Child Merit (SGC) scholarship

CBSE has announced to extend dates for SGC scholarship. Previously the dates to submit the SGC scholarship form were 18 October 2019. Now dates have shifted. For online submission, the last date is 31st October. Whereas date for submission of hard copies of renewal...

What Is The Secret Of Choosing A Good Tutor For Your Child?

Is your child lost in the maze of syllabus, chapters, millions of topics and huge books? Does your child feel lost in a class filled with many students? Is your child unable to bring in the best results? Well, then, you definitely need to find some alternative...

Studies Today