CBSE Class 9 English Determiners Notes

Scroll down for PDF

Points to Remember:

  1. Determiners are words that come before nouns. They show whether a noun refers to a general or specific person, place or object and which or how many things.
  2. Determiners and nouns together make noun phrases; e.g. a pen, the pen, every pen, my pen, many pens.
  3. Determiners limit the noun by giving some additional information about the noun, e.g. ‘The pen’ refers to a pen, which has been mentioned earlier.
  4. A noun phrase may include both a determininer and an adjective. The determiner mayprecede numerals or adjectives : e.g. a young girl, a tall boy, all senior players, some responsible citizens.


Articles: a, an, the

Possessive: my, our, your, his, her, its, their

Demonstrative :this that, these, those

Adjectives and Pronouns of indefinite number or quantity: some, each, Ever,any,no,all,little,less,many,much,neither,either,enough,few,first,third,last,what,which, whose. E.g.

  1. Mumbai is a costly city.
  2. Some members abstained from voting.
  3. Our neighbour is very friendly.
  4. This language is very useful.
  5. All the students were punished for negligence.

(a) Use of Articles :

A or An

  1. A’ and ‘An’ are used before a singular countable noun to show that it is not specific.
  2. The use of ‘A’ and ‘An’ is governed by the initial sound of the noun before which it is used
  3. ‘A’ is used before consonant sounds. E.g. girl, a man, a university, a unit etc.
  4. ‘An’ is used before a vowel sounds. E..g. an egg. An honest man, an elephant etc.


  1. The is used to show that the noun is specific. E.g. The first railway line in India was laid in Maharashtra.
  2. ‘The’ is used when the noun is preceded by a superlative adjective. E.g. the tallest, the largest etc. U.S.A. is the richest country in the world.
  3. ‘The’ is used for nouns that are common to all people. E.g. the sun, the moon, the sky, the earth etc. The earth is round.
  4. ‘The” is used with uncountable nouns if indicating specifics. E.g. The milk has turned sour. The water is not clean. If unspecific meaning is indicated then ‘the’ is not used. E.g. Water is an important component of our food.
  5. ‘The’ is used when we refer to whole group of people. E.g. the Americans, the evil, the good etc. The Americans are hard working and industrious.
  6. ‘The’ is used before names of government departments, museums, newspapers etc. E.g. The Ministry of Health, The Prince of Wales Museum, The Indian Express
  7. ‘The’ is used before names of oceans, river, mountain ranges, deserts, holy books, canals etc. The pacific Ocean, The Alps, The Sahara desert, The Ramayana, The Suez Canal.
  8. ‘The’ is not used before names of persons, continents, cities, holidays of the week, subjects of studies etc.

Determiners of Quantity:

Much, many

  1. Many is used only with plural nouns and to show a large number. E.g. There are many students in the class.
  2. Much is used with uncountable nouns indicating a large quantity. E.g. There was much noise (i.e. a lot of noise)

Some, Any

  1. Some and any show not a large quantity.
  2. Some is used in affirmative sentences. E.g. There is some water in the glass.
  3. Any is used in interrogative or negative sentences. E.g. is there any sugar in the house? There isn’t any sugar in the house.

Each, Every

Each and Every both indicate single units in a group.

  1. Each refers to individual member of a small group. E.g. Each of her four sons has a new car.
  2. Every refers to members of a large group. E.g. Every person above 18 years of age is eligible to vote.
  3. Sometimes both ‘each’ and ‘every’ can be used. E.g. Each / Every victim was given financial support.


  1. All is used to indicate the whole group rather than its components. E.g. All the students are preparing for their examinations.

Few, a few, the few denote numbers.

  1. Few means very small number, not enough and below expectation. E.g. Few students are interest in learning languages.
  2. A few indicates some number. E.g. Few students are good at English.
  3. The few indicates very small specific numbers. E.g. The few students who are good at English always speak in English.

Little, a little, the little denote quantity.

  1. Little means very small quantity, not enough and below expectation. E.g. He knows little about the matter.
  2. A little indicates some quantity. E.g. A little water is left in the jug.
  3. The little indicates very small specific quantity. E.g. He drank the little water that was left in the jug.
Click on the text For more study material for English please click here - English

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning


Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE is to conduct the 10th and 12th Board Examination 2020 from February 15, 2020. Due to University Admissions, CBSE has shifted Board Exams dates from 1 March to February 15 from 2019. This year too CBSE would be making changes...

CBSE Instructs schools to form Eco Clubs

The Central Board of Secondary Education has directed schools to form Eco Clubs under the Board for Environmental Protection. They have further asked the schools to ensure that every student would save one litre of water at home and school every day. It was started by...

CBSE Board Exams 2020 Attendance rules revised for Class 10 and 12 students

CBSE Board Exams 2020: Attendance rules revised for Class 10, 12 students : The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced new rules to deal with the cases of short attendance of students of all its affiliated schools. The board has issued a set of...

Guidelines On Reducing Weight Of School Bags

GUIDELINES ON REDUCING WEIGHT OF SCHOOL BAGS In this competitive world, where students are giving their best, an unnoticed threat rides on our back. Heavy School Bags are a serious yet unresolved threat to the health and wellbeing of the young ones. The medium of their...

Tips for exam preparation

Students often get nervous during their exams. The reason behind this nervousness is either a lack of confidence or a lack of preparedness. To overcome these fears students are advised to do their preparation in such a way that will retain their confidence. For this...

CBSE will have more practicals

CBSE board has made a bigger announcement regarding 2020 board examinations for class 12. Board has decided that subjects like humanities, History, English and Hindi will also have practical exams like Chemistry, Biology, and Physics. As per, CBSE official's statement...

Studies Today