CBSE Class 12 Informatics Practices Old syllabus 2018 2019.Download the latest syllabus to do your studies as per the latest guidelines issued by CBSE NCERT. The syllabus, weightage of chapters, blue print of question papers and the design of question papers is issued every year for the benefit of students. Access all syllabus for all subjects here.
Class XII (2018-19) (THEORY)
Unit 1: Networking and Open Standards
1 Networking: a brief overview,
2 Communication Media: Wired Technologies – Co-Axial, Ethernet Cable, Optical Fiber; Wireless Technologies – Blue Tooth, Infrared, Microwave, Radio Link, Satellite Link;
3 Network Devices: Modem, Hub, Switch, Repeater, Gateway – and their functions
4 Types of network: LAN, MAN, WAN, PAN;
5 Network Topologies: Star, Bus, Tree
6 Network Protocols: HTTP, TCP/IP, PPP, Remote access software such as Team Viewer;
7 Identifying computers and users over a network: Basic concept of domain name, MAC (Media Access Control), and IP Address, domain name resolution
8 Network Security Concepts: Cyber Law, Firewall, Cookies, Hackers and Crackers
9 Network security threats: Denial of service, Intrusion problems, Snooping, Eavesdropping
10 Internet Applications: SMS, Voice Mail, Electronic Mail, Chat, Video Conferencing
11Wireless/Mobile Communication: GSM, CDMA, WLL, 3G, 4G Open Source Concepts:
12 Open Source Software (OSS), common FOSS/FLOSS examples (GNU/Linux, Firefox, OpenOffice, Java, Netbeans, MySQL). Common open standards (HTML, XML, ODF, TCP/IP, CSS)
13 Indian Language Computing: Character encoding, UNICODE, different types of fonts (open type vs true type, static vs dynamic), Entering Indian Language Text – phonetic and key map based, Inscript.
Unit 2: Programming
Review of Class XI;
(Refer to Appendix A for Swing Control Methods & Properties, and Appendix B for sample guidelines of GUI Programming)
1 Basic concept of Class, Object, Inheritance and
2 Polymorphism Commonly used libraries:
3 String class and methods: toString(), concat(), length(), toLowerCase(), toUpperCase(), trim(), subString()
4 Math class methods: pow(), round()
5 Accessing MySQL database using JDBC to connect with database.
6 Web application development: URL, Web server, Communicating with the web server, concept of Client and Server Side
7 HTML based web pages covering basic tags – <HTML>, <TITLE>, <BODY>, <H1><H6>, <B>,<I>,<U>, <CENTER>, <COMMENT>, <IMG>, ANCHOR <A>, Paragraph <P>, Line Break <BR>,Horizontal Rule <HR>, <FONT>, <TABLE>, <LIST> <UL>, <OL>, <FORM>
8 Creating and accessing static pages using HTML and introduction to XML
Unit 3: Relational Database Management System
Review of RDBMS from Class XI
1 Concept of Database transaction, Committing and revoking a transaction using COMMIT and ROLLBACK AND SAVEPOINT.
2 Grouping Records: GROUP BY, Group functions - MAX(), MIN(), AVG(), SUM(), COUNT(); using COUNT(*), DISTINCT clause with COUNT; Group Functions in case of Null Values.
3 Creating a Table with PRIMARY KEY, Foreign Key, Unique and NOT NULL constraints, Viewing Constraints, Using DESC command to view constraints.
4 Displaying Data From Multiple Tables: Cartesian product, Union, Intersection and Equi-Join
5 ALTER TABLE for
6 Deleting column(s), modifying data type(s) of column(s),
7 Adding a constraint, enabling constraint, dropping constraints.
8 DROP Table for deleting a table or a database.
Unit 4: IT Applications
1 Front-end Interface: Introduction; content and features; identifying and using appropriate component (Text Field, Radio Button, CheckBox, List etc. as learnt in Unit 2 (Programming)) for data entry, validation and display.
2 Back-end Database: Introduction and its purpose, exploring the requirement of databases, tables and its essential attributes.
3 Front-End and Database Connectivity: Introduction, requirement and benefits
4 Demonstration and development of appropriate Front-end interface and Back-end Database for e-Governance, e-Business and e-Learning applications
5 Impact of ICT on society: Social, Environmental and Economic benefits.
In each of the above domains, identify at least two real-life problems, list the expected outputs and the input(s) required for the output, and describe the problem solving approach and develop relevant front-end interface and back-end database.
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