Fundamental Unit Of Life Class 9 Biology Worksheet Pdf
Class 9 Biology students should refer to the following printable worksheet in Pdf for Fundamental Unit Of Life in standard 9. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 9 Biology will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks
Class 9 Biology Worksheet for Fundamental Unit Of Life
CBSE Class 9 Biology Worksheet - Fundamental Unit Of Life
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Q1. Explain the history of discovery of cell .
Q2. Describe cell on the basis of its complexity i,e prokaryotic and eukaryotic .
Q3. Describe the structure and functions of nucleus.
Q4. How is mitochondria important for a cell ?
Q5.Describe the structure and functions of the two types of endoplasmic reticulum.
Q6.Why are lysosomes called as suicide bags ?
Q7. Plastids are present only in plants . comment .
Q8. Differentiate between a plant cell and an animal cell .
Q9. Write a short note on vacuoles.
Q10 Describe the chemical composition of cell wall.
Q11.(a) What is DNA? Where is it found?
(b) Name the functional segment of DNA.
Q12. List two similarities between mitochondria and plastids.
Q13. Name the organelle that is referred to as the ‘powerhouse of the
cell’.Why is it called so?
Q14. Mention any two functions of the endoplasmic reticulum.
Q15. Give the functions of the following organelles in a cell.
a)Chloroplast b)Nucleus c) Leucoplast d)Chromoplast
Q16. Write the names of two cell organelles that have their own DNA and ribosomes.
Q17. What is endocytosis? Name an organism that feeds by this method.
Q18.Give technical term for a medium which has exactly the same concentration as
the cell? Why does the size of the cell remain the same when placed in such a
Q19. (a) What would happen to the life of a cell if there was no Golgi apparatus?
(b) Which cell organelle detoxifies poisons and drugs in liver of vertebrates?
Q20. State cell theory. Name the scientists who presented it.
Very Short Answer Type Question :
Question. The outer most covering of a plant is
Answer : Cell wall
Question. Mitochondria are seat of
Answer : ATP formation
Question. Who discovered first living cell?
Answer : Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Question. Name the phenomena by which raisins placed in water swell up.
Answer : Osmosis
Question. Who discovered cell?
Answer : Robert Hooke
Question. Cell wall in plants is made up of
Answer : Cellulose
Question. Which cell organelle is called power house of cell
Answer : Mitochondria
Question. Chemically cellulose is a
Answer : Polysaccharide
Question. The outer most layer of cheek cells is
Answer : Plasma membrane
Question. ' Suicide bag ' in a cell is
Answer : Lysosome
Short Answer Type Question :
Question. Why the cell is called the structural and functional unit of life?
Answer : Cells are called the structural and functional unit of life because all the living organisms are made up of cells and all the functions that take place inside the organisms are performed by cells.
Question. How is a prokaryotic cell different from a eukaryotic cell?
Answer : Prokaryotic cell Eukaryotic cell
Most prokaryotes are . Most eukaryotes are multi-cellular.
Size of the cell - (0.5- 5 μ). Size of the cell - (50- 100 μ).
It contains a single chromosome. It contains more than one chromosome.
Nucleolus is absent. Nucleolus is present.
Cell division occurs through binary fission Cell division occurs by mitosis.
Question. Why the plasma membrane is called a selectively permeable membrane?
Answer : Plasma membrane called a selectively permeable membrane because it regulates the movement of substances from within to outside of the cell. This means that the plasma membrane allows the entry of some substances while preventing the movement of some other substance
Question.What is plasmolysis?
Answer : Plasmolysis is a process in which the contents of the cell that are away from the cell wall shrink or contract when a cell loses water due to Osmosis when it is kept in hypertonic solution.
Exam Questions NCERT Class 9 Science Chapter 5 The Fundamental Unit of Life
Question. Who gave the cell theory? What does it state? Which organism is an exception of cell theory?
Answer : Two biologists; “Schleiden and Schwann” gave the “Cell theory” which expanded by “Rudolf Virchow”.Cell theory states that :
(i) All plants and animals are composed of cells.
(ii) Cell is the basic unit of life.
(iii) All cells arise from pre-existing cells. Viruses are the exceptions of cell theory.
Question. Do vacuoles store material? If so, name them.
Answer :Yes, vacuoles store some important substances required in life of the plant cell. These are amino acids, sugars, various organic acids and also some proteins.
Example : Amoeba, vacuoles also store food.
Question. How do substances like CO2 and water move in and out of the cell?
Answer : The substances like CO2 move in and out of a cell by diffusion from the region of high concentration to low concentration. Water also obey the law of diffusion.
The movement of water molecule through such a selective permeable membrane is called osmosis.
Question. How does fungi and bacteria can withstand much greater changes in the surrounding medium than animal cells?
Answer : The cell wall present in fungi and bacteria permits these cells to resist very dilute external medium without bursting. Water is taken up by osmosis.
Hence, cells swell and build the pressure against the cell wall. The wall exerts an equal pressure against the swollen cell. It is because of the cell wall, such cells can resist much greater changes in the surrounding medium than animal cells.
Question. Give difference between diffusion and osmosis.
Answer : Diffusion :
1. Diffusion can occur in any medium.
2. The diffusing molecules may be solids, liquids or gases.
3. Semipermeable membrane is not required.
4. An equilibrium in the free energy of diffusion molecules is achieved in the system.
1. It occurs only in liquid medium.
2. It involves movement of solvent molecules only.
3. Semipermeable membrane is required.
4. Equilibrium in the free energy of solvent molecules is never achieved.
Question. What are the function of endoplasmic reticulum and lysosome.
Answer : (a) Functions of endoplasmic reticulum :
(i) It forms supporting skeletal framework of the cell.
(ii) ER provides a pathway for the distribution of nuclear material from one cell to the other.
(b) Functions of lysosomes :
(i) Lysosomes serve as intracellular digestive system. They destroy any foreign material which enters the cells such as bacteria and virus.
(ii) Lysosomes also remove the worn out and poorly working cellular organelles by digesting them to make way for their new replacements.
Question. Explain the functions of various cell organelles.
Answer : Functions of cell organelles :
(i) Endoplasmic Reticulum : It forms the supporting skeletal framework of the cell.
(ii) Ribosomes : It synthesises proteins.
(iii) Golgi Apparatus : It produces vacuoles which contain cellular secretion.
(iv) Lysosomes : It serves as intracellular digestive system as it digest the foreign materials which enter the cell.
(v) Mitochondria : These are the sites of cellular respirations.
(vi) Plastids : These are present only in plants and trap solar energy to manufacture food for plants.
(vii) Vacuoles : They help to maintain the osmotic pressure in a cell.
(viii) Peroxisomes : They carry-out some oxidative reactions.
(ix) Centrosome : It helps in cell division in the animal cell.
Question. Which cell organelle is known as the ‘suicidal bags’ of a cell? Why?
Answer :Lysosomes are known as suicidal bag of cell. During the disturbance in cellular metabolism, lysosome may burst and the enzymes digest their own cell. Hence, lysosome are called ‘suicide bags’ of a cell.
Question. What is nucleoid?
Answer : The nuclear region in some cells are poorly defined due to the absence of a nuclear membrane, it contains only nucleic acid. This undefined nuclear region with nucleic acid in it is called nucleoid.
Question. (i) Name the largest animal cell.
(ii) Name the smallest cell.
Answer : (i) An ostrich egg.
(ii) Pleuro pneumonia bacterium.
Question. What is osmosis?
Answer : The movement of water molecules through a selectively permeable membrane is called osmosis. This takes place from higher water concentration to lower water concentration.
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