NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science History The Making of a Global World

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science History The Making of a Global World with answers available in Pdf for free download. The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History with answers have been prepared as per the latest syllabus, NCERT books and examination pattern suggested in Standard 10 by CBSE, NCERT and KVS. Solutions to questions given in NCERT book for Class 10 History are an important part of exams for Grade 10 History and if practiced properly can help you to get higher marks. Refer to more Chapter-wise Solutions for NCERT Class 10 History and also download more latest study material for all subjects

The Making of a Global World Class 10 NCERT Solutions

Class 10 History students should refer to the following NCERT questions with answers for The Making of a Global World in standard 10. These NCERT Solutions with answers for Grade 10 History will come in exams and help you to score good marks

The Making of a Global World NCERT Solutions Class 10

Short Answer Type Questions

Question. Explain how the global transfer of disease in the pre-modern world helped in the colonisation of the Americas.
Answer : 
The global transfer of disease in the pre-modern world helped in the colonisation of the Americas because the native American Indians were not immune to the diseases that the settlers and colonisers brought with them. The Europeans were more or less immune to small pox, but the native Americans, having been cut off from the rest of the world for millions of years, had no defence against it. These germs killed and wiped out whole communities, paving the way for foreign domination. Weapons and soldiers could be destroyed or captured, but diseases could not be fought against.

Question. Give two examples from history to show the impact of technology on food availability.
Answer :  
Two examples from history to show the impact of technology on food availability were:

  • Faster railways, lighter wagons and larger ships helped transport food more cheaply and quickly from production units to even faraway markets.
  • Refrigerated ships helped transport perishable foods such as meat, butter and eggs over long distances.

Question. Explain the causes of the Great Depression.
Answer :  
The Great Depression was a result of many factors:

  • Prosperity in the USA during the 1920s created a cycle of higher employment and incomes. It led to rise in consumption and demands. More investment and more employment created tendencies of speculations which led to the Great Depression of 1929 upto the mid-1930s.
  • Stock market crashed in 1929. It created panic among investors and depositors who stopped investing and depositing. As a result, it created a cycle of depreciation.
  • Failure of the banks. Some of the banks closed down when people withdrew all their assets, leaving them unable to invest. Some banks called back loans taken from them at the same dollar rate inspite of the falling value of dollar. It was worsened by British change in policy to value pound at the pre-war value.

Question. Give two examples of different types of global exchanges which took place before the seventeenth century, choosing one example from Asia and one from the Americas.
Answer : 
Two examples of the different types of global exchanges which took place before the seventeenth century:

  • Chinese pottery and textiles, and spices from India and Southeast Asia were exchanged in return for precious metals such as gold and silver from Europe.
  • Foods such as potatoes, soya, groundnuts, maize, tomatoes, chilies, and sweet potatoes were introduced in Europe and Asia after Christopher Columbus accidentally discovered the Americas.

 

Question. Explain how the global transfer of disease in the pre-modern world helped in the colonisation of the Americas.
Answer :

  • The global transfer of disease in the pre-modern world helped in the colonisation of the Americas.
  • America's original inhabitants, because of their long isolation, had no immunity against the diseases such as smallpox that were carried by the European settlers and colonisers with them.
  • The European conquerors were mostly immune to smallpox, but the disease killed and decimated the native American communities, paving the way for an easy conquest.
  • Weapons and soldiers could be defeated or destroyed, but diseases could not be prevented very easily; they became very powerful weapons for easy colonization.


Question. Give two examples from history to show the impact of technology on food availability.
Answer :  
Two examples from history to show the impact of technology on food availability:

  • Faster railways, lighter wagons and larger ships helped move food more cheaply and quickly from faraway farms to final markets.
  • The technology of the refrigerated ships enabled the transport of perishable foods over long distances.


Question. What is meant by the Bretton Woods Agreement?
Answer : 
(i)The post-war international economic system focused on economic stability and employment growth in the industriaI world.
(ii)The framework to achieve this goal was agreed upon at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference held in July 1944 at Bretton Woods in New Hampshire, USA.
(iii)The Bretton Woods conference established the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to deal with external surpluses and deficits of its member nations.
(iv)The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (popularly known as the World Bank) was also set up to finance postwar reconstruction.


Question. Explain the causes of the Great Depression.
Answer :  The depression was caused by a combination of several factors.
First: agricultural overproduction remained a problem. Falling agricultural prices affected the agricultural incomes. As prices slumped and declined, farmers produced more to maintain their overall income. This surplus production pushed down prices even further. Farm produce rotted for a lack of buyers.
Second: US overseas lenders stopped loans to many countries that financed their investments through loans from the US. This affected the banks in Europe and in Latin America and intensified the crisis of agricultural and raw material prices. US banks had also slashed domestic lending and demanded the return of the loans. Unable to repay the loans, people gave up their homes, cars and other properties. Ultimately, the US banking system itself collapsed. Thousands of banks went bankrupt and were forced to close. By 1933, over 4,000 banks had closed and between 1929 and 1932 about 110,000 companies had collapsed.


Question. Explain what is referred to as the G-77 countries. In what ways can G-77 be seen as a reaction to the activities of the Bretton Woods twins?
Answer : 

(i)Most developing countries organised themselves as a group - the Group of 77 (or G-77) - to demand a new international economic order (NIEO).
(ii)The NIEO system would give them real control over their natural resources, more development assistance, fairer prices for raw materials, and better access for their manufactured goods in developed countries' markets.
(iii) G-77 formed as a reaction to the Bretton Woods twins:

  • From the late 1950s, Bretton Woods twins (the IMF and the World Bank) shifted their economic development activities from the industrial nations to the developing countries.
  • The developing countries were brought under the financial rules and regulations of these two international agencies dominated by the former colonial powers.
  • The developing countries realized that even after many years of decolonization, the former colonial powers still controlled vital resources such as minerals and land. Thus, G-77 was formed as a reaction to the activities of the Bretton Woods twins.

 

Long Answer Type Questions

Question. Explain the three types of movements or flows within international economic exchange. Find one example of each type of flow which involved India and Indians, and write a short account of it.
Answer :  
The three types of movements or flows within international economic exchange are:
1)The first is the flow of trade in goods (e.g., cloth or wheat) in the nineteenth century.
2)The second is the flow of labour- the migration of people in search of employment.
3)The third is the movement of capital for short-term or long-term investments over long distances.
The flow of trade in goods from India: Between 1812 and 1871, the share of raw cotton exports rose from 5 per cent to 35 per cent. Indigo used for dyeing cloth was another important good exported from India.
The flow of labour from India: In the nineteenth century, Indian indentured migrants went to work in the Caribbean islands (mainly Trinidad, Guyana and Surinam), Mauritius and Fiji. Tamil migrants went to Ceylon and Malaya.
The movement of capital for investments from India: The Indian bankers such as the Shikaripuri shroffs and Nattukottai Chettiars financed export agriculture in Central and Southeast Asia; they invested their own funds as well as those borrowed from European banks. They had a sophisticated banking system to transfer money over large distances.

Question. Write a note to explain the effects of the following:
a) The British government's decision to abolish the Corn Laws.
b) The coming of rinderpest to
c) The death of men of working-age in Europe because of the World
d) The Great Depression on the Indian
e) The decision of MNCs to relocate production to Asian
Answer :
a) 
After the Corn Laws were abolished, food grains could be imported into Britain more cheaply than it could be produced within the country. British farmers were unable to compete with imports by the landed groups. Vast areas of land were now left uncultivated, and thousands of men and women were thrown out of work. They went to the cities for work or migrated overseas.
b) Rinderpest, a disease of cattle plague, created a devastating impact on people's livelihoods and the local economy in African countries. 90 per cent of the cattle wealth perished and the loss of cattle destroyed African livelihoods. Planters, mine owners and colonial governments now successfully monopolized what scarce cattle resources remained, to strengthen their power and to force Africans into the labour market. Control over the scarce resource of cattle enabled Europeans to colonise Africa. Most of the killed and maimed in the war were men of working age. These deaths and injuries reduced the able­ bodied workforce in Europe. With fewer numbers within the family, household incomes declined after the war.
c) The Great Depression immediately affected trade in colonial India. India's exports and imports nearly halved between 1928 and 1934. As international prices crashed, prices in India also declined. Between 1928 and 1934, wheat prices fell by 50 per cent. Peasants and farmers suffered more than urban dwellers. Though agricultural prices fell sharply, the colonial government refused to reduce revenue demands. Peasants producing for the international markets were the worst hit. Across India, peasants' indebtedness increased.
d) From the late 1970s, the MNCs began to shift production operations to low-wage Asian countries. The relocation of the MNCs to low-wage countries boosted world trade and capital flows. In the last two decades, the world's economic geography has been transformed as countries such as India, China and Brazil have undergone rapid economic transformation.

Tags: 

 


Click for more Social Science Study Material
Contemporary India II Chapter 1 Resources and Development
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Resources and development
Contemporary India II Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Forest and Wildlife Resources
Contemporary India II Chapter 3 Water Resources
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Water Resources
Contemporary India II Chapter 4 Agriculture
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Agriculture
Contemporary India II Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Minerals and Energy Resources
Contemporary India II Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Manufacturing Industries
Contemporary India II Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Lifelines of the National Economy
Democratic Politics II Chapter 1 Power Sharing
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Power Sharing
Democratic Politics II Chapter 2 Federalism
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Federalism
Democratic Politics II Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Democracy and Diversity
Democratic Politics II Chapter 4 Gender Religion and Caste
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Gender Religion and Caste
Democratic Politics II Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Popular Struggles and Movements
Democratic Politics II Chapter 6 Political Parties
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Political Parties
Democratic Politics II Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Outcomes of Democracy
Democratic Politics II Chapter 8 Challenges to Democracy
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Challenges to Democracy
Disaster Management
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Disaster Management Alternative Communication Systems During Disasters
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Disaster Management Safe Construction Practices
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Disaster Management Sharing Responsibilities Role of Local and State Bodies
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Disaster Management Survival Skills
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Disaster Management Tsunami The Killer Sea Waves
India and Contemporary World II Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science History The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
India and Contemporary World II Chapter 2 Nationalism in India
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science History Nationalism in India
India and Contemporary World II Chapter 3 The Making of a Global World
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science History The Making of a Global World
India and Contemporary World II Chapter 4 The Age of Industrialisation
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science History The Age of Industrialization
Understanding Economic Development Chapter 1 Development
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Economics Development
Understanding Economic Development Chapter 2 Sectors of the Indian Economy
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Economics Sectors Of The Indian Economy
Understanding Economic Development Chapter 3 Money and Credit
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Economics Money And Credit
Understanding Economic Development Chapter 4 Globalisation and the Indian Economy
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Economics Globalization And The Indian Economy
Understanding Economic Development Chapter 5 Consumer Rights
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Economics Consumer Rights
z Old Chapters
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science History Novels Society and History
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science History Print Culture and the Modern World
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science History The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science History Work Life and Leisure

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

Board Exams Date Sheet Class 10 and Class 12

Datesheet for CBSE Board Exams Class 10  (Scroll down for Class 12 Datesheet) Datesheet for CBSE Board Exams Class 12

Celebration of Matribhasha Diwas Mother Language day

UNESCO has declared 21st February of every year to be celebrated as International Mother Language day to promote dissemination of Mother Language of all, create awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions and diversity across the world and to inspire solidarity...

Class 10th and 12th Term 2 Revaluation Process 2022

Evaluation of the Answer Books is done under a well-settled Policy. To ensure that the evaluation is error free, CBSE is taking several steps. After strictly following these steps, the result is prepared. Though, CBSE is having a well-settled system of assessment,...

CBSE Term 2 Board Examinations

CBSE vide Circular No.Acad-51/2021 dated 5th July, 2021, notified that in the session 2021-2022, Board Examinations would be conducted in two terms, i.e.. Term I and Term II. This decision was taken due to the uncertainty arising out of COVID 19 Pandemic. Term I...