NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Forest and Wildlife Resources

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Forest and Wildlife Resources with answers available in Pdf for free download. The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography with answers have been prepared as per the latest syllabus, NCERT books and examination pattern suggested in Standard 10 by CBSE, NCERT and KVS. Solutions to questions given in NCERT book for Class 10 Geography are an important part of exams for Grade 10 Geography and if practiced properly can help you to get higher marks. Refer to more Chapter-wise Solutions for NCERT Class 10 Geography and also download more latest study material for all subjects

Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 NCERT Solutions

Class 10 Geography students should refer to the following NCERT questions with answers for Forest and Wildlife Resources in standard 10. These NCERT Solutions with answers for Grade 10 Geography will come in exams and help you to score good marks

Forest and Wildlife Resources NCERT Solutions Class 10

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography for Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources

1.    Multiple choice questions.

(i) Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna?

(a) Agricultural expansion

(b) Large scale developmental projects

(c) Grazing and fuel wood collection

(d) Rapid industrialisation and urbanisation

Answer: (c) Grazing and fuel wood collection

 

(ii) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?

(a) Joint forest management

(b) Beej Bachao Andolan

(c) Chipko Movement

(d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

Answer: (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

 

2. Match the following animals with their category of existence.

 

 Animals/Plants

Category of existence

 Black buck

Extinct

 Asiatic elephant

 Rare

 Andaman wild pig

Endangered

 Himalayan brown bear

 Vulnerable

 Pink head duck

Endemic

 

Answer:

 Animals/Plants

Category of existence

 Black buck

Endangered

Asiatic elephant

 Vulnerable

 Andaman wild pig

 Endemic

 Himalayan brown bear

 Rare

 Pink head duck

 Extinct

 

3. Match the following.

 

Reserved forests

other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities

Protected forests

forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources

Unclassed forests

forest lands are protected from any further depletion

Answer:

Reserved forests

forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources

Protected forests

forest lands are protected from any further depletion

Unclassed forests

other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities

 

4. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?

Answer: Biodiversity is immensely rich in wildlife and cultivated species, diverse in form and function, but closely integrated in a system through multiple networks of interdependencies. Biodiversity is important for human lives because the human beings, along with the biodiversity, form a complete web of ecological system in which we are only a part and are very much dependent on this system for our own existence. For example, the plants, animals, and microorganism re-create the quality of the air we breathe.

 

(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.

Answer: Human activities have affected the depletion of flora and fauna. Habitat destruction, hunting, poaching, over-exploitation, environmental pollution, poisoning and forest fires are factors, which have led to the decline in India’s biodiversity. Other important causes of environmental destruction are unequal access, inequitable consumption of forest resources and differential sharing of responsibility for environmental well-being.

 

5. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.

(i) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India.

Answer: Indian forests are home to different communities. These communities have a complex relationship with their environment. The Mundas and the Santhal of Chhota Nagpur Region worship mahua and kadamba trees, and the tribal’s of Odisha and Bihar worship the tamarind and mango trees during weddings. The Bishnois of Rajasthan hold the antelopes in high reverence. Peepal and banyan trees are considered sacred. Villagers around the Sariska Reserve have opposed mining activities in the region as these activities endanger wildlife. Villagers in the Alwar district of Rajasthan have banned hunting and lumbering activities in a 1200-hectare area they have marked as Bhairodev Dakav 'Sonchuri'. Such activities have helped in the conservation and protection of forest and wildlife in India.

 

(ii) Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife.

Answer: The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act was implemented in 1972, with various provisions for protecting habitats. A list of wildlife species that has to be protected was published and hunting of these animals was banned. Central and state governments in India have set up national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to protect forests and endangered species in wildlife. Project tiger was initiated in 1973 by the government of India to protect tigers. Under Wildlife Act of 1980 and 1986, several hundred butterflies, moths, beetles, and one dragonfly have been added to the list of protected species. Various communities, especially in tribal areas, who are dependent on forests for their living, are now taking an active role in this form of conservation.

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Click for more Geography Study Material
Contemporary India II Chapter 1 Resources and Development
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Resources and development
Contemporary India II Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Forest and Wildlife Resources
Contemporary India II Chapter 3 Water Resources
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Water Resources
Contemporary India II Chapter 4 Agriculture
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Agriculture
Contemporary India II Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Minerals and Energy Resources
Contemporary India II Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Manufacturing Industries
Contemporary India II Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Geography Lifelines of the National Economy

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