NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Democracy and Diversity

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Democracy and Diversity with answers available in Pdf for free download. The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics with answers have been prepared as per the latest syllabus, NCERT books and examination pattern suggested in Standard 10 by CBSE, NCERT and KVS. Solutions to questions given in NCERT book for Class 10 Civics are an important part of exams for Grade 10 Civics and if practiced properly can help you to get higher marks. Refer to more Chapter-wise Solutions for NCERT Class 10 Civics and also download more latest study material for all subjects

Democracy and Diversity Class 10 NCERT Solutions

Class 10 Civics students should refer to the following NCERT questions with answers for Democracy and Diversity in standard 10. These NCERT Solutions with answers for Grade 10 Civics will come in exams and help you to score good marks

Democracy and Diversity NCERT Solutions Class 10

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics for Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity

Q1.    Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions.


Three factors are crucial in deciding the outcome of politics of social divisions-

  1. Firstly, the outcome depends on how people perceive their identities. If people see their identities in singular and exclusive terms, it becomes too difficult to accommodate. As long as people in Northern Ireland saw themselves as only Catholic or Protestant, chances of reconciliation were slim. It is much easier if people realize they have multiple identities that are complementary with the national identity. Most Belgians now feel that they are Belgians first and then Dutch or German­ speakers.
  2. Secondly, it depends on how political leaders raise the demands of any community. The demands of a community ought to be within a constitutional framework. These demands should not be at the cost of other communities. In Sri Lanka, the demand for 'only Sinhala' was at the cost of the Tamil community.
  3. Thirdly, it depends on how the government reacts to demands of different groups. The governments of Belgium and Sri Lanka reacted differently to the demands. While Belgian leaders were ready to accommodate all groups, in Sri Lanka, the demands of the minority were suppressed in the name of national unity. Attempts of forced integration can lead to disintegration.


Q2.    When does a social difference become a social division?


•   When one social difference overlaps with another, social divisions take place.

•  In USA, the difference between African-Americans and Whites becomes a social division because most blacks are poor, homeless, unemployed and discriminated against.

•   In India, the Dalits are often landless and poor. They have to face discrimination and injustice.

•   Such differences often make people feel that they belong to different communities.

Q3.    How do social divisions affect politics? Give two examples.


•   Democracy involves competition among various political parties.

•   Political parties tend to exploit some existing social divisions. This can turn social divisions into political divisions and lead to serious conflict, violence or even disintegration.

•   Northern Ireland is an example of how social divisions can affect politics.

•   The population of Northern Ireland comprised of 53 percent Protestants and 44 percent Roman Catholics.

•   The Nationalist parties represented the Catholics. They demanded Northern Ireland to be unified with Republic of Ireland.

•   The Unionists represented the Protestants and wanted to remain with UK.

•   A bloody war took place between Unionists and Nationalists in which hundreds of civilians, militants and security men were killed.

•  It was only in 1998, that the UK government and the Nationalists reached a peace treaty after which the violence ended.

•  In Yugoslavia too, political parties competed on the lines of ethnic and religious divisions.

•  But unlike Northern Ireland, Yugoslavia could not save itself from disintegration.  The disintegration of Yugoslavia led to the formation of six independent countries.


Q4. _______________Social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. __________social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.


Overlapping social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. Cross-cutting social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.

Q5.    In dealing with  social divisions which one of the following statements is NOT correct about democracy?

(a) Due to political competition in a democracy, social divisions get reflected in politics.

(b) In a democracy it is possible for communities to voice their grievances in a peacefuI manner.

(c) Democracy is the best way to accommodate social diversity.

(d) Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.


(d) Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.

Explanation:       In a democracy, political expression of social divisions is very normal and can be healthy. This allovvs various disadvantaged and marginal social groups to express their grievances and get the government to attend to these. Expression of various kinds of social divisions in politics often results in their cancelling one another out and thus reducing their intensity.


Q6.    Consider the following three statements.

A. Social divisions take place when social differences overlap. B. It is possible that a person can have multiple identities.

C. Social divisions exist in only big countries like India. Which of the statements is/are correct?

       (a)A, B and C I      (b)A and B             (c)B and C              (d) Only C         


(b)A and B

Q7.    Arrange the following statements in a logical sequence and select the right answers by using the code  given below.

A.  But all political expression of social divisions need not be always dangerous.

B. Social divisions of one kind or the other exist in most countries.

C. Parties try to win political support by appealing to social divisions.

D. Some social differences may result in social divisions.

(a)D,B,C,A              (b)D,B,A,C              (c)D,A,C,B                (d)A,B,C,D




Q8.    Among the following, which country suffered disintegration due to political fights on the basis  of religious and ethnic identities?

(a)Belgium           (b)lndia           (c)Yugoslavia           (d)Netherlands        




Q9.    Read the following passage from a famous speech by Martin Luther King Jr. in 1963. Which social division is he talking about? What are his aspirations and anxieties? Do you see a relationship between this speech and the incident in Mexico Olympics mentioned in this chapter?

"I have a dream  that my four little children will  one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their  skin  but by the content of their character. Let freedom ring. And when  this happens, and when we allow freedom ring-when we let it ring  from  every village and every hamlet, from  every  state and every city, we will be able to speed  up that day when all of God's children-black men and white men, Jews  and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics-will be able

to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: 'Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!' I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal'."


•   The social division referred by Martin Luther King Jr. in this speech is the colour of the skin.

•   His aspirations are that his children should not be judged by the colour of their skin but by their character. He wants equality for all - black men, white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics. He dreams that one day his nation (USA) will accept the truth that all men are created equal.

•   Yes, there is a relation between the Mexico Olympics incident mentioned in the chapter and Martin Luther King's speech. Both highlight the fact that African-Americans were discriminated against in the United States of America.

The Black American athletes, Tommie Smith and John Carlos had tried to draw international attention towards the racial discrimination in the United States. Martin Luther King has also made a reference to this racial discrimination in his speech.



Click for more Civics Study Material
Democratic Politics II Chapter 1 Power Sharing
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Power Sharing
Democratic Politics II Chapter 2 Federalism
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Federalism
Democratic Politics II Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Democracy and Diversity
Democratic Politics II Chapter 4 Gender Religion and Caste
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Gender Religion and Caste
Democratic Politics II Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Popular Struggles and Movements
Democratic Politics II Chapter 6 Political Parties
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Political Parties
Democratic Politics II Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Outcomes of Democracy
Democratic Politics II Chapter 8 Challenges to Democracy
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Challenges to Democracy

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