NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Power Sharing

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Power Sharing with answers available in Pdf for free download. The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics with answers have been prepared as per the latest syllabus, NCERT books and examination pattern suggested in Standard 10 by CBSE, NCERT and KVS. Solutions to questions given in NCERT book for Class 10 Civics are an important part of exams for Grade 10 Civics and if practiced properly can help you to get higher marks. Refer to more Chapter-wise Solutions for NCERT Class 10 Civics and also download more latest study material for all subjects

Power Sharing Class 10 NCERT Solutions

Class 10 Civics students should refer to the following NCERT questions with answers for Power Sharing in standard 10. These NCERT Solutions with answers for Grade 10 Civics will come in exams and help you to score good marks

Power Sharing NCERT Solutions Class 10

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics for Chapter 1 Power Sharing


Q1. What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.

Ans. In modern democracies, power sharing can be in the following forms:

  • Power sharing among different organs of the government – i.e. power is distributed among different organs of the government like legislature, executive and judiciary. This is done to ensure that no single organ exercises unlimited power. Each organ is checking the other. This allows a balance of power among various institutions of the government.
  • Power sharing among governments at different levels – such an arrangement is also referred to as Federal structure. In this system, there is a government at the centre for the entire country and governments at provincial or regional levels. In India, the government for the entire country is known as Central or Union government and the governments at regional level as State governments. The same principle is applied to extend power to even lower levels of government like municipality and panchayats.
  • Power sharing among different social groups – power may be shared between different linguistic and religious groups. In many countries, there are legal and constitutional arrangements to ensure the participation of women and weaker sections of the society in the government. In India, there are constituencies reserved for women and backwards in the Parliament and in assemblies.
  • Power sharing between political parties – In democracy, people have right to choose their representatives in elections. This takes the form of competition between different political parties. Such competition ensures that power is not concentrated in one hand. In the long run, power is shared between different political parties with different ideologies and social groups. Many a time, different political parties come together and form an alliance to contest elections. It the alliance wins, they form a coalition government.
  • Power sharing through interest groups – In democracy, there are different interest groups of traders, farmers, labourers etc. They influence the decision making process of government.

 

Q2.   State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.

Ans.

Prudential Reason: Power sharing is desirable because it helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups. Social conflict can lead to violence and political instability. Therefore, power sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order. Imposing the will of majority community over others may look like an attractive option in the short run, but in the long run it undermines the unity of the nation. Tyranny of the majority is not just oppressive for the minority, but it also brings ruin to the majority as well.

Moral Reason: Power sharing is the very spirit of democracy. A democratic rule involves sharing power with those affected by its exercise, and who have to live with its effects. People have a right to be consulted on how they are to be governed. A legitimate government is one where citizens, through participation, acquire a stake in the system.

 

Q3.    After reading this chapter, three students drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your reasons in about 50 words.

Thomman - Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religious, linguistic or ethnic divisions.

Mathayi – Power sharing is suitable only for big countries that have regional divisions.

Ouseph – Every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions.

Ans. I agree with Ouseph’s view that every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions. Here are the reasons why I agree with Ouseph –

  • Power sharing is the spirit of democracy. People have a right to be consulted on how they want to be governed. Everyone has a voice in shaping public policies. Therefore, in a legitimate democracy, power should be distributed among as many citizens as possible.
  • Power sharing among different organs of the government is also necessary so that one institution may check the functioning of the others. Therefore, power is distributed among legislature, executive and judiciary.

 

Q4.   The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town’s schools. He said that the ban would help all non-Dutch speakers integrate in this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium’s power sharing arrangements? Give your reasons in about 50 words.

Ans.

  • The measure to ban speaking French in schools is against the spirit of Belgium’s power sharing arrangement. The leaders of Belgium had realised that unity of the country was possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of different communities. Such a realization had resulted in the mutually accepted power sharing formula.
  • If the majority group forces its dominance over other groups, it can undermine the unity of the country.

Q5.    Read the following passage and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this. “We need to give more power to the panchayats to realise the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution. Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy – in the hands of the people. Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy.”

Ans.

A prudential reason for power sharing mentioned in the passage is:

Power sharing can reduce corruption as people will directly participate in planning and implementation of developmental schemes. This would give the people a chance to exercise greater control over these schemes. This will also eliminate the role of middlemen.

 

Q6.   Different arguments are usually put forth in favour of and against power sharing. Identify those which are in favour of power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below? Power sharing:

A. reduces conflict among different communities

B. decreases the possibility of arbitrariness

C. delays decision making process

D. accommodates diversities

E. increases instability and divisiveness

F. promotes people’s participation in government

G. undermines the unity of a country

 

(a)

A

B

D

F

(b)

A

C

E

F

(c)

A

B

D

G

(d)

B

C

D

G

Ans – (a)


Q7.   Consider the following statements about power sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka.

A. In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community.

B. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority.

C. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs.

D. The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.

Which of the statements given above are correct? 

(a)A, B, C and D

(b)A, B and D

(c) C and D

(d) B, C and D


A
ns – (d)

Q8.   Match List I (forms of power sharing) with List II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below in the lists:

 

List I

List II

1.

Power shared among different organs of the government

A. Community government

2.

Power shared among governments at different levels

B. Separation of powers

3.

Power shared by different social groups

C. Coalition government

4.

Power shared by two or more political parties

D. Federal government



 

1

2

3

4

(a)

D

A

B

C

(b)

B

C

D

A

(c)

B

D

A

C

(d)

C

D

A

B


A
ns – (c)

 

Q9.   Consider the following two statements on power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below:

A. Power sharing is good for democracy.

B. It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.

Which of these statements are true and false? 

(a)A is true but B is false

(b) Both A and B are true

(c) Both A and B are false

(d) A is false but B is true

Ans – (b)

Tags: 

 


Click for more Civics Study Material
Democratic Politics II Chapter 1 Power Sharing
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Power Sharing
Democratic Politics II Chapter 2 Federalism
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Federalism
Democratic Politics II Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Democracy and Diversity
Democratic Politics II Chapter 4 Gender Religion and Caste
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Gender Religion and Caste
Democratic Politics II Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Popular Struggles and Movements
Democratic Politics II Chapter 6 Political Parties
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Political Parties
Democratic Politics II Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Outcomes of Democracy
Democratic Politics II Chapter 8 Challenges to Democracy
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Challenges to Democracy

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