NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 9 Special Education and Support Services

Read and download NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 9 Special Education and Support Services chapter in NCERT book for Class 12 Home Science. You can download latest NCERT eBooks for 2021 chapter wise in PDF format free from Studiestoday.com. This Home Science textbook for Class 12 is designed by NCERT and is very useful for students. Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Home Science to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter

Special Education And Support Services Class 12 Home Science NCERT

Class 12 Home Science students should refer to the following NCERT Book chapter Special Education And Support Services in standard 12. This NCERT Book for Grade 12 Home Science will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Special Education And Support Services NCERT Class 12

SPECIAL  EDUCATION AND  SUPPORT  SERVICES

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

After completing this section the learner will be able to:

  • explain the concepts of special education, inclusive education and support services.
  • describe the concept of disability and different types of disability in children.
  • explain the knowledge and skills required for a career in Special  Education and allied support services.

SIGNIFICANCE

The term education is familiar to all of us. But, ‘special education’ may be a new expression for some of you. It is a term that refers to educational provisions for children with special needs, emerging due to physical, mental and emotional challenges. Therefore, they have Special Educational Needs (SEN). Thus Special Education means specially designed instruction for children with above mentioned challenges in all settings such as classroom, home, the street and the  rehabitation homes, etc There are children who may have unusual difficulty in walking, playing, talking, seeing and hearing, in interacting socially or in doing what one may consider usual. They are likely to have disabilities due to certain

 consider usual. They are likely to have disabilities due to certain conditions such as hearing impairment, visual impairment or intellectual impairment (a more detailed discussion about types of disabilities follows later). In order to learn, work and experience the world optimally, they have to try harder and people around them have to enable them in their endeavour.

Activity 1

Can you think of a child who has any of the above listed difficulties? If not, ask a member of your family or a neighbour if she/he knows one such child. Try to meet, observe and interact with any such child/person(s). Write down a few lines about experiences and special needs of the child. Find out if she/he goes to school. If yes, which school, if no, why not?

Children’s Special Educational Needs (SEN) are met through certain methodologies of special education. Special education is not segregated or exclusive education of students with disabilities. It is an approach that facilitates their learning and allows them to participate in different activities that they may not have had access to on account of their inability to go to school. Hence, children with special needs do not have to always study in a separate institution In fact, most of them can learn quite well in general classes of a school. However, some children who have severe difficulties, due to the nature of their disability, may benefit greatly from being educated in a classroom prepared exclusively for them, as a smaller number of students are grouped together, where the educator interacts with the students on a one-to-one basis. The educators/teachers who provide special education are called Special Educators.

When children/ students with SEN study in general classrooms with heir peers, the arrangement is called ‘inclusive education’. As the term indicates, the philosophy that guides this approach is that students with diverse needs (educational, physical, social and emotional) are placed together in age-appropriate classes/groups such that the students can optimally achieve their learning potential. The school makes suitable adjustments and modifications in its curriculum, teaching methods and physical set up to facilitate their education.

A person who chooses to become a special educator is said to have a career in Special Education. There are several models of special/inclusive education in which a special educator can work with children with SEN:

(i) Some schools impart education exclusively to children with disabilities. Most such schools offer services to children with

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Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part I Chapter 1 Work Livelihood and Career
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 1 Work Livelihood and Career
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part I Chapter 2 Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 2 Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part I Chapter 3 Public Nutrition and Health
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 3 Public Nutrition and Health
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part I Chapter 4 Catering and Food Service Management
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 4 Catering and Food Service Management
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part I Chapter 5 Food Processing and Technology
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 5 Food Processing and Technology
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part I Chapter 6 Food Quality and Food Safety
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 6 Food Quality and Food Safety
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part I Chapter 7 Early Childhood Care and Education
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 7 Early Childhood Care and Education
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part I Chapter 8 Guidance and Counselling
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 8 Guidance and Counselling
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part I Chapter 9 Special Education and Support Services
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 9 Special Education and Support Services
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part I Chapter 10 Management of Support Services Institutions and Programmes for Children Youth and Elderly
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 10 Management of Support Services
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Appendix Projects
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Projects
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 11 Design for Fabric and Apparel
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 11 Design for Fabric and Apparel
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 12 Fashion Design and Merchandising
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 12 Fashion Design and Merchandising
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 13 Production and Quality Control in the Garment Industry
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 13 Production and Quality Control in the Garment Industry
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 14 Textile Conservation in Museums
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 14 Textile Conservation in Museums
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 15 Care and Maintenance of Fabrics in Institutions References
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 15 Care and Maintenance of Fabrics in Institutions References
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 16 Human Resource Management
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 16 Human Resource Management
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 17 Hospitality Management
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 17 Hospitality Management
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 18 Ergonomics and Designing of Interior and Exterior Spaces
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 18 Ergonomics and Designing of Interior and Exterior Spaces
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 19 Event Management
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 19 Event Management
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 20 Consumer Education and Protection
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 20 Consumer Education and Protection
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 21 Development Communication and Journalism
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 21 Development Communication and Journalism
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 22 Advocacy
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 22 Advocacy
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 23 Media Management Design and Production
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 23 Media Management Design and Production
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 24 Corporate Communication and Public Relations
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 24 Corporate Communication and Public Relations
Human Ecology and Family Sciences Part II Chapter 25 Management of Development Programmes
NCERT Class 12 Home Science Chapter 25 Management of Development Programmes

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