CBSE Class 12 Psychology Counselling Process

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CBSE Class 12 Psychology Counselling Process. Students can download the specific chapters from the CBSE and NCERT text books from Please refer to the attached file to access the chapters. The books and specific chapters have been collected by the tutors on studiestoday for the benefit of CBSE students. They can access these chapters anywhere and use them for their studies.

Unit 5

5.1 Zen

A school of Mahayana Buddhism that asserts that enlightenment can be attained through meditation, self-contemplation, and intuition rather than through faith and devotion. It is practiced mainly in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. It is also called Zen Buddhism.

Zen emphasizes dharma practice and experiential wisdom—particularly as realized in the form of meditation known as zazen—in the attainment of awakening. As such, it de-emphasizes both theoretical knowledge and the study of religious texts in favor of direct experiential realization.

5.2 Counselling

According to Warner, Counselling is ‘a therapeutic and growth process through which individuals are helped to define goals , make decisions and solve problems related to the personal – social – educational and career concerns’. Counselling involves helping relationship, that includes someone seeking help and someone willing to give help, who is capable of or trained to help in a setting that permits help to be given and received.

The following elements about counseling are common to the major theoretical approaches to counseling:

1. Counselling involves responding to the feeling, thoughts, and actions of the clients

2. Counselling involves a basic acceptance of the clients’ perceptions and feelings without using any evaluative standards.

3. Confidentiality and privacy constitute essential ingredients in the counseling setting. Physical facilities that preserve this quality are important. Downloaded from

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4. Counselling is voluntary. It takes place when the client approaches a counselor. A counselor never uses any kind of coercion for obtaining information.

5. Counselor and clients both transmit and receive verbal and non verbal messages during the process. Therefore awareness and sensitivity to the nature of the message is an important prerequisite for the counselor’s effectiveness.

Counselling is practiced extensively in schools. Many educators spend time with certain students either in groups or more often individually. The following suggests when these “get togethers” may qualify counseling.

How to decide if contact is counseling related

• Are you meeting more than once?

• Does the student asks for or seem to want the contact?

• Is the purpose of the meeting agreed on by both the educator and the student?

• Is there a noticeable progress toward this purpose?

• Does the educator frequently listen and encourage talking?

Thus, a counselor is most often interested in building an understanding of the clients problem by focusing on what understanding the client has of her / his problem and how s/he feels about it. The actual or objective facts of the problems are considered less important and it is more important to work on the feelings and their acknowledgement by the clients. The focus is more on the person and how s/he defines the problem.

Analyzing the above discussion we can say that in counseling

• two people are present

• leads `to action on the part of client

• counselor listens 

• client can be trusted to find their own solutions

• personal growth of client usually occurs

• resolution of problems is an expectation.


1. Getting started – it is decided as to the frequency with which the counselor and the client will meet, the times they will interact, when it is anticipated that the relation will end .

2.Introductory talk – it entails general conversation about their lives, then the counselor works towards specifics, it is quite likely that many people do not know what is troubling them until they begin to talk. Also the

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