CBSE Class 9 Social Science Working of Institutions Assignment

Read and download free pdf of CBSE Class 9 Social Science Working of Institutions Assignment. Get printable school Assignments for Class 9 Social Science. Standard 9 students should practise questions and answers given here for Democratic Politics I Chapter 4 Working Of Institutions Social Science in Grade 9 which will help them to strengthen their understanding of all important topics. Students should also download free pdf of Printable Worksheets for Class 9 Social Science prepared as per the latest books and syllabus issued by NCERT, CBSE, KVS and do problems daily to score better marks in tests and examinations

Assignment for Class 9 Social Science Democratic Politics I Chapter 4 Working Of Institutions

Class 9 Social Science students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Democratic Politics I Chapter 4 Working Of Institutions in standard 9. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 9 Social Science will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Democratic Politics I Chapter 4 Working Of Institutions Class 9 Social Science Assignment


MCQ Questions for NCERT Class 9 Social Science Working Of Institutions  

Questions: How many Members are nominated by the President in Rajya Sabha? 
(A) 10
(B) 21
(C) 12
(D) 11

Answer: C

Questions: Which institution is Empowered to Administer Justice in India? 
(A) Legislature
(B) Executive
(C) Judiciary
(D) Ruling party

Answer: C

Questions: Who elects the President of India? 
(A) The Speaker
(B) The Prime Minister 
(C) All the Members of the Parliament (MPs) and the Members of the State Legislative Assemblies (MLAs) elect the President.
(D) Only the Members of the State Legislative Assemblies elect the President.

Answer: C

Questions: When does a Bill become a Law?
(A) After approval from the General Public
(B) Only after the President’s assent
(C) Only after the Prime Minister ’s assent
(D) Only after the Speaker ’s assent

Answer: B

Questions: Which Organ of the Government has the power to interpret the Constitution? 
(A) Supreme Court
(B) High Court
(C) District Court
(D) Both (A) and (B)

Answer: A

Questions: What kind of Judiciary do we have in India?
(A) Bounded Judiciary
(B) Bias Judiciary
(C) Disintegrated Judiciary
(D) Independent and integrated Judiciary

Answer: D 

Questions: Study the given Picture carefully and answer the question that follow : 
CBSE Class 9 Social Science Working of Institutions Assignment
This picture is related to which of the following.
(A) General Meeting
(B) Assembly Meeting
(C) Cabinet Meeting
(D) None of these

Answer: C

Assertion and Reason Based MCQs
Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as :
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Questions: Assertion (A) : If the Budget presented to the Rajya Sabha is not passed within the stipulated period, the Budget Proposals are not affected.
Reason (R): In Financial matters, the Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha. 

Answer: A

Questions: Assertion (A) : The Government of India had appointed the Second Backward Classes Commission in 1979.
Reason (R): It was headed by B.P. Mandal. Hence it was popularly called the Mandal Commission. 

Answer: B

Questions: Assertion (A) : The President is a part of the Legislature.
Reason (R): A Bill is not passed by the Houses of Parliament and can become a Law without the President’s assent. 

Answer: C

Questions: Assertion (A) : There are limitations on the Legislative Authority of the State Legislature.
Reason (R): Certain Bills on the State List can be introduced in the State Legislature only with the President’s approval. 

Answer: A

Questions: Assertion (A) : The Constitution of India has made the President the Supreme-Commander of Armed Forces.
Reason (R) : Democracy maintains Civilian Supremacy over the Military Force. 

Answer: A

Questions: Assertion (A) : The Rajya Sabha must pass a resolution on the necessity of an All India Service before a New Service Common to States and the Union is created.
Reason (R): Indian Constitution is federal and a resolution passed by a Two- thirds Majority in Rajya Sabha would practically signify the consent of the States. 

Answer: A

Case Study Questions Working Of Institutions Class 9 Social Science 

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same:
The Constitution does not say very much about the powers of the Prime Minister or the Ministers or their relationship with each other. But as Head of the Government, the Prime Minister has wide ranging powers. He chairs Cabinet Meetings. He Coordinates the work of different Departments.
His decisions are final in case Disagreements arise between Departments. He exercises General Supervision of different Ministries. All Ministers work under his leadership. The Prime Minister distributes and redistributes work to the Ministers.
He also has the Power to Dismiss Ministers. When the Prime Minister quits, the Entire Ministry quits.
Thus, if the Cabinet is the most powerful Institution in India, within the Cabinet it is the Prime Minister who is the Most powerful. The Powers of the Prime Minister in all Parliamentary democracies of the World have increased so much in recent decades that Parliamentary Democracies are sometimes seen as Prime Ministerial Form of Government. As Political Parties have come to play a major Role in Politics, the Prime Minister controls the Cabinet and Parliament through the Party. The Media also contributes to this trend by making Politics and Elections as a Competition between Top leaders of Parties. In India too we have seen such a tendency towards the concentration of powers in the hands of the Prime Minister. Jawaharlal Nehru, the First Prime Minister of India, exercised Enormous Authority because he had great influence over the Public. Indira Gandhi was also a very Powerful Leader compared to her Colleagues in the Cabinet.
Of course, the Extent of Power wielded by a Prime Minister also depends on the Personality of the Person Holding that Position.

Questions: When the Prime Minister quits, who quits along with him/her?
(A) No Minister quits with him/her
(B) The Entire Ministry quits
(C) Only 50% Minister quit
(D) The President quits along with him. 

Answer: B

Questions: The Political Executive includes the _____ and _____ .
(A) The President, the Vice President
(B) The Governor, the Prime Minister
(C) The Prime Minister, Council of Ministers
(D) The Prime Minister, the President 

Answer: C

Questions: _____ was also a very Powerful Leader compared to Other Colleagues in the Cabinet.
(A) Indira Gandhi
(B) Mahatma Gandhi
(C) Jawaharlal Nehru
(D) Lal Bahadur Shastri 

Answer: A

Questions: The _____ also contributes by making Politics and Election as a Competition between Top Leaders of Parties.
(A) Government
(B) Public
(C) Media
(D) Opposition Parties 

Answer: C

Questions: _____ of India, exercised enormous Authority because he had great influence over the Public.
(A) The First Prime Minister
(B) The Fifth Prime Minister
(C) The Sixth Prime Minister
(D) The Present Prime Minister 

Answer: A  

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same:
The Presidential System Presidents all over the World are not always  Nominal Executives like the President of India.
In many countries of the World, the President is both the Head of the State and the Head of the Government. The President of the United States of America is the most well known example of this kind of President. The US President is directly Elected by the people. He personally chooses and appoints all Ministers. The Law making is still done by the Legislature (called the Congress in the US), but the President can Veto any Law. Most importantly, the President does not need the support of the Majority of Members in the Congress and neither is he answerable to them. He has a fixed tenure of four years and completes it even if his party does not have a majority in the Congress.
This model is followed in most of the countries of Latin America and many of the Ex-soviet Union countries. Given the Centrality of the President, this System of Government is called the Presidential Form of Government. In Countries like ours that follow the British Model, the Parliament is Supreme.
Therefore, Our System is called the Parliamentary System of Government.

Questions: Consider the incorrect option regarding the Power of US President.
(A) The US President is Directly Elected by the People.
(B) He personally chooses and appoints all Ministers.
(C) The President need the support of the Majority of Members in the Congress and neither is he answerable to them.
(D) The President is not answerable to Members in the Congress. 

Answer: C

Questions: Latin America and many of the Ex-Soviet Union Countries follows.
(A) The Presidential Form of Government
(B) The Parliamentary System of Government
(C) Monarchy
(D) Authoritarian 

Answer: A

Questions: Directions : In the following question, a statement of Asse rtion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as :
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.
Assertion(A) : Presidents all over the World are always Nominal Executives like the President of India.
Reason (R) : In many countries of the World, the President is both the Head of the State and the Head of the Government. 

Answer: D

Questions: India follows .
(A) The Presidential form of Government
(B) The Parliamentary System of Government
(C) Monarchy
(D) Authoritarian 

Answer: B

Questions: _____ is both the Head of the State and the Head of the Government.
(A) US President
(B) Indian President
(C) UK Presiden
 (D) Nepal President 

Answer: A

Short Answer Type Questions 

Questions: Define the Parliament and the Legislature of India and write any one important role of it.
Answer: (i) In India, a National Assembly of Elected Representatives who exercise Supreme Political Authority on behalf of the People is called the Parliament.
(ii) At the State Level, this is called Legislature or Legislative Assembly.
(iii) One important role: The Parliament is the final authority for making Laws in our Country.

Questions: Give any Three Functions (or Responsibilities) of the Government.
Answer: (i) Government Collects Taxes and uses it for Administration, Defence and Development Programmes.
(ii) Government ensures security to the Citizens and provides facilities for Education and Health.
(iii) It formulates and implements several Welfare Schemes.
Mandal Commission.

Questions: Why is the Indian Judiciary considered one of the most powerful in the World? Give any three reasons. 
Answer: (i) Once a person is appointed as Judge of the Supreme Court or High Court, it is nearly impossible to remove him/her from that position.
(ii) A Judge can be moved only by an Impeachment Motion.
(iii) The Supreme Court and the High Court have the Power to Interpret the Constitution of the country.
Therefore, it is one of the most powerful Judiciary in the world.

Questions: Who are the Ministers of States ? Write any two Functions of them. 
Answer: Ministers of States with Independent charge are usually in charge of Smaller Ministries.
(i) They participate in the Cabinet Meetings only.
(ii) They are attached to and required to assist the respective Cabinet Minister.
(iii) They look after the Ministry to which attached.

Questions: What is the Tenure of the President in India?
Mention the Qualifications for President of India.
Answer: His Tenure is for five years.
(i) The President in India is the Head of the State. He has only nominal powers.
(ii) The President of India is like the Queen of Britain whose functions are to a large extent Ceremonial.
(iii) The President Supervises the overall functioning of all the Political Institutions in the Country. The President exercises all his powers on the Advice of the Council of Ministers.

Questions: Mention any three Discretionary Powers of the Indian President.
Answer: (i) The Administration of whole Country is carried on his name. He is the Supreme Commander of Armed Forces.
(ii) He appoints the Prime Minister, the Chief Justice of India, Governors of the States, Judges of Supreme Court and High Courts, the Election Commissioners, Ambassadors to other countries, etc.
(iii) There is one very important thing he should do on his own, i.e., Appoint the Prime Minister.
When a Party or Coalition of Parties secures a Clear Majority in the Elections, the President has to appoint the Leader of the Majority Party or the Coalition that enjoys majority support in the Lok Sabha. When No Party or Coalition gets a Majority in the Lok Sabha, the President exercises his discretion. The President appoints a Leader who in his opinion can muster majority support in the Lok Sabha. In such a case, the President can ask the Newly Appointed Prime Minister to prove Majority support in the Lok Sabha within a specified time.

Questions: Under what conditions can a State of Emergency be declared in India? Explain.
Answer: A State of Emergency can be declared under the following conditions:
(i) Increase of External aggression or Armed rebellion.
(ii) If the Government Machinery of a State breaks down.
(iii) If there is a threat to the Financial stability of the Country. Under these circumstances the President can impose a State of Emergency and this is called President’s Rule.

Questions: Explain any three functions of Parliament. Why do we need a Parliament? 
Answer: (i) Parliament is the Final Authority for making Laws.
(ii) It exercises control over the working of the Government.
(iii) It controls all the Money that Government have.

Questions: How are the Ministers in the Council of Ministers categorized according to their Rank?
Explain the Composition of the Union Council of Ministers.
Explain the Composition of the Council of Ministers.
Answer: The Union Council of Ministers comprises of the three categories of Ministers. These are:
(i) Cabinet Ministers: They constitute the inner ring of the Council of Ministers. These are the Toplevel Leaders of the Ruling Party/Parties who are Incharge of the important Ministries. They usually meet to take decisions in the name of the Council of Ministers.
(ii) Ministers of State with Independent Charge:
They are usually incharge of Smaller Ministries. They participate in the Cabinet Meetings only when they are invited.
(iii) Ministers of State : They are attached to and are required to assist the Cabinet Ministers.
(iv) It is headed by the Prime Minister. 

Long Answer Type Questions 

Question: Give any three differences between the Cabinet Ministers and the Minister of States.
Answer: Cabinet Ministers :
(i) They are usually Top-level Leaders of the Ruling Party or Parties.
(ii) Cabinet Ministers meet to take decisions in the name of the Council of Ministers.
(iii) They are In-charge of the Major Ministries.
Ministers of State :
(i) They are usually In-charge of Smaller Ministries with Independent charge.
(ii) They participate in the Cabinet Meetings only when specially invited.
(iii) They are attached to and required to assist Cabinet 

Question: Describe how the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are appointed.
Answer: (i) The President appoints the Leader of the Majority Party or the Coalition of Parties that commands a Majority in the Lok Sabha, as Prime Minister.
(ii) In case no Single Party or Alliance gets a majority, the President appoints the person most likely to secure the majority support.
(iii) The President appoints other Ministers on the Advice of the Prime Minister.
(iv) The Ministers are usually from the Party or the Coalition that has the Majority in the Lok Sabha.
(v) The Prime Minister is free to choose Ministers as they are Members of Parliament. A Person who is not a Member of Parliament can also become a Minister, but he has to get Elected to one of the Houses of Parliament within six months of Appointment as Minister.

Question: “Prime Minister is the most important Political Institution in the Country’’. Justify the statement.
Explain the Position of the Prime Minister with reference to his/her Powers and Functions.
Describe any Five Powers and Functions of the Prime Minister of India.
Answer: Position : The Prime Minister is the most important Political Institution of the Country. He/she is the Head of the Government and all important decisions regarding the Country are taken by him/her. He/she enjoys the Real Executive Powers as Head of the State.
Powers and Functions of Prime Minister :
(i) Allocation of Departments and Formation of Council of Ministers, their Distribution of Portfolios.
(ii) Being the Chairman of the Cabinet, Prime Minister Presides the Meetings of the Cabinet.
(iii) Link between the President and Cabinet.
(iv) Leader of the Nation.
(v) Ex-officio Chairman of the Planning Commission.

Question: How can you say that the President occupies the Position of a Nominal Head of the State?
Answer: (i) The President is not Elected Directly by the People. She or he can never claim the kind of Direct popular mandate that the Prime Minister can.
(ii) This ensures that she or he remains only a Nominal Executive.
(iii) The Constitution gives vast powers to the President.
But the latter exercises them only on the Advice of the Council of Ministers.
(iv) The President can ask the Council of Ministers to reconsider its advice. But if the same advice is given again, she or he is bound to act according to it. Similarly, when a Bill comes to the President for signatures she or he can return it to the Parliament with her or his advice.
(v) But when the Bill comes for his her signatures again,then she or he has to sign it, whether the Parliament agrees to her / his advice or not.

Question: What is ‘Collective Responsibility’? Describe its significance.
Answer: In a Parliamentary System of Government, the Principles and Ideals of Collective Responsibility are of much importance. It means that the Council of Ministers is Collectively Responsible to the Parliament.
If the Parliament rejects the Policy of the Government or passes a No-confidence Motion against Ministers the whole Council of Ministers have to resign.

Question: Compare the position of the Prime Minister of the Majority party (Ruling) and the Prime Minister of the Coalition Government. 
Answer: (i) Prime Minister of the Majority Party is the Head of the Government.
(ii) Prime Minister exercises Enormous Authority. He is Indirectly Elected. In fact, he is Appointed by the President.
(iii) The Powers of the Prime Minister in all Parliamentary Democracies of the World have increased so much in era continued. In recent decades these Parliamentary Democracies are sometimes seen as Prime Minister form of Government.
(iv) In recent years, the Coalition Government has changed the position of Prime Minister. Now under Coalition Government, a Prime Minister cannot decide as he likes.
(v) He has to accommodate views of Different Groups and Factions in his Party as well as among the Alliance Partners on whose support the Survival of the Government depends. 

Question: What is the Election Process of the President of India? Mention the Main Powers and Functions of the President of India.
Write any Five Executive Powers of President of India.
Answer: The President of India is Elected Indirectly. All the Elected Members of Both the Houses of Parliament as well as the State Legislative Assemblies elect the President.
Powers and functions of the President :
(i) Administration of the whole Country is carried on in his name.
(ii) He appoints the Prime Minister, Central Ministers, Governors of the States and Judges of Supreme Court and High Courts.
(iii) Supreme Commander of the Indian Defence Forces.
(iv) He receives the Credentials of Ambassadors from other Countries.
(v) The Administration of Union Territories is the responsibility of the President.
(vi) The scope of the Executive Authority of the President is enlarged when the Country is placed under a General Emergency.

Question: Write an article on the Functions and the Powers of Judiciary in India.
Describe the Powers of the Supreme Court.
What is meant by Integrated Judiciary?
Explain the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India. Mention any three points.
Describe any Three Jurisdictions of the Supreme Court in India.
Answer: (i) All the Courts at different levels in a Country put together are called a Judiciary. The Indian Judiciary consists of the Supreme Court for the Entire Nation,High Courts and the Courts at the Local Level.
(ii) Supreme Court controls the Judicial Administration in the Country. It’s decisions are binding on all other Courts of the Country.
It can take up any dispute :
(a) Between Citizens of the Country.
(b) Between two or more State Governments.
(c) Between Citizens and the Government.
(d) Between Governments at the Union and State level.
Powers :
(i) The Supreme Court and the High Courts have the Power to Interpret the Constitution of the Country.
(ii) It can hear Appeals against the decisions of the High Courts.
(iii) It acts as the Guardian of the Fundamental Rights.
(iv) It controls the Judicial Administration in the Country.
(v) It is the Highest Court of Appeal in Civil and Criminal Cases.

Question : If you are elected as the President of India which of the following decision can you take on your own?
(a) Select the person you like as Prime Minister.
(b) Dismiss a Prime Minister who has a majority in Lok Sabha.
(c) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.
(d) Nominate the leaders of your choice to the Council of Ministers.
Answer: C
Question : Who among the following is a part of the political executive?
(a) District Collector
(b) Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs
(c) Home Minister
(d) Director General of Police
Answer : C
Question : Which of the following statements about the judiciary is false?
(a) Every law passed by the Parliament needs approval of the Supreme Court
(b) Judiciary can strike down a law if it goes against the spirit of the Constitution
(c) Judiciary is independent of the Executive
(d) Any citizen can approach the courts if her rights are violated
Answer : A
Question : Which of the following institutions can make changes to an existing law of the country?
(a) The Supreme Court
(b) The President"
(c) The Prime Minister
(d) The Parliament
Answer : D
Question : Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released: exercises


Answer : (a) - 4, (b) - 5, (c) - 2, (d) - 3, (e) - 1
Question : Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.
(a) Decision on allocation of money for developing infrastructure like roads, irrigation etc. and different welfare activities for the citizens
(b) Considers the recommendation of a Committee on a law to regulate the stock exchange
(c) Decides on a legal dispute between two state governments
(d) Implements the decision to provide relief for the victims of an earthquake.
Answer : 
(a) Cabinet
(b) Parliament
(c) Supreme Court
(d) Permanent Executive

Question : Why is the Prime Minister in India not directly elected by the people? Choose the most appropriate answer and give reasons for your choice.
(a) In a Parliamentary democracy only the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister.
(b) Lok Sabha can remove the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers even before the expiry of their term.
(c) Since the Prime Minister is appointed by the President there is no need for it.
(d) Direct election of the Prime Minister will involve lot of expenditure on election.
Answer :  (a) In a Parliamentary democracy only the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister.
Question : Three friends went to watch a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making big changes in the state. Imran said this is what the country needs. Rizwan said this kind of a personal rule without institutions is dangerous. Shankar said all this is a fantasy. No minister can do anything in one day. What would be your reaction to such a film?
Answer :  While it may look quite appealing in a movie; the real life is strikingly different. Governance in a democracy is all about taking everyone along with you. Moreover, in a large and diverse country like India, it is not possible to take decision on the whims of an individual. Implementation of a decision needs to coordination among various organs of the government and a minister is just a part of that system.
Question : A teacher was making preparations for a mock parliament. She called two students to act as leaders of two political parties. She gave them an option: Each one could choose to have a majority either in the mock Lok Sabha or in the mock Rajya Sabha. If this choice was given to you, which one would you choose and why?
Answer :  I would choose to have a majority in the Lok Sabha. The leader of the Lok Sabha is directly answerable to the public and hence it can be quite challenging for him.
Question : After reading the example of the reservation order, three students had different reactions about the role of the judiciary. Which view, according to you, is a correct reading of the role of judiciary?
(a) Srinivas argues that since the Supreme Court agreed with the government, it is not independent.
(b) Anjaiah says that judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it.
(c) Vijaya thinks that the judiciary is neither independent nor conformist, but acts as a mediator between opposing parties. The court struck a good balance between those who supported and those who opposed the order.
Answer :   (c) Judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it.
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