CBSE Class 9 Social Science Electoral Politics Assignment

Read and download free pdf of CBSE Class 9 Social Science Electoral Politics Assignment. Get printable school Assignments for Class 9 Social Science. Standard 9 students should practise questions and answers given here for Democratic Politics I Chapter 3 Electoral Politics Social Science in Grade 9 which will help them to strengthen their understanding of all important topics. Students should also download free pdf of Printable Worksheets for Class 9 Social Science prepared as per the latest books and syllabus issued by NCERT, CBSE, KVS and do problems daily to score better marks in tests and examinations

Assignment for Class 9 Social Science Democratic Politics I Chapter 3 Electoral Politics

Class 9 Social Science students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Democratic Politics I Chapter 3 Electoral Politics in standard 9. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 9 Social Science will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Democratic Politics I Chapter 3 Electoral Politics Class 9 Social Science Assignment

CBSE Class 9 Social Science-Electoral Politics. Students are advised to refer to the attached assignments and practise them regularly. This will help them to identify their weak areas and will help them to score better in examination. Parents should download and give the assignments to their children for practice.

Elections are a democratic way of selecting representatives.
 They ensure that the representatives rule as per the wishes of the people.
 Elections help voters to choose representatives who will make laws for them, form the government and take major decisions.
 The voters can choose the party whose policies will guide the government and law making.
 Thus election is a mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and change them if they wish to. 
• Everyone should be able to choose, i.e. everyone should have one vote and every vote should have equal value. Universal Adult Franchise.
 There should be parties and candidates to choose from, freedom to contest and a wide choice for people.
 Elections must be held at regular intervals.
 Candidate preferred by the people should be elected.
 Elections should be held in a fair and free atmosphere to be democratic.
Political Competition: Demerits
 Creates a sense of disunity and ‘party politics’.
 Parties level allegations against each other of using dirty tricks to win elections.
 Long-term policies cannot be formulated.
 Good people do not enter politics.

Merits: Elections are good because they force the ruling party to perform. The government is aware that it will be voted out of power if it does not perform as the people expected.
 It forces parties and leaders to perform, so competition is good.
Our Election System
 First a voters list is compiled.
 Then the election date is announced.
 The country is divided into constituencies for purpose of elections.
 The voters have to elect one representative for the Lok Sabha from each constituency (Lok Sabha has 543 constituencies), called Member of Parliament. The constituencies are formed on basis of population.
 Similarly, each state is divided into constituencies and a specific number of members called Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected.
 The dates of General Elections are announced.
 Each party declares its Manifesto and prepares a list of nominations.  


Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question : Which political party ruled over Haryana between 1982 to 1987?
Answer: The Congress Party.

Question : Who formed the new party named as Lok Dal?

Answer: Choudhary Devi Lal.

Question : When did the Lok Dal of Devi Lal and BJP combination form the government in Haryana?

Answer: In 1987.

Question : How many Lok Sabha Constituencies are there in Indian Parliament?

Answer: 543 seats.

Question : Area wise which is the largest Lok Sabha constituency in our country?

Answer: Ladakh.

Question : What is an Electoral Roll?

Answer: It is the list which contains the particulars of eligible voters.

Question : What is Bye Elections?
Answer: Election held to fill a vacancy caused by the death of the sitting member or due to any other reason.

Question : What is a Mid Term electron?

Answer: Elections held before the expiry of the full term of any house .

Question : How many seats are reserved for Scheduled Castes in Lok Sabha?

Answer: 79 seats are reserved for Scheduled Castes.

Question : How many seats are reserved for Scheduled Tribes in Lok Sabha?

Answer: 41 seats are reserved for Scheduled tribes.

Question : How many seats are reserved for Scheduled Tribes in Lok Sabha?

Answer: One-third seats.

Question : What is party ticket?

Answer: Political Parties nominate their candidates who get party symbol and support during election from a particular constituency.

Question : What is Polling Booth?

Answer: A polling booth is a place where voters go inside and election officials identify them and put a mark on their finger and allow them to caste the vote.

Question : What is EVM?

Answer: Electronic Voting Machine.

Question : Who appointed the Cheif Election Commissioner in India?

Answer: President of India. 


Short Answer Type Questions

Question : Point out the demerits of electoral competition/ Political competition.
1. It creates a sense of disunity and ‘factionalism’ in every locality.
2. Different political parties and leaders often level allegations against one another.
3. Parties and candidates often use dirty tricks to win elections.
4. Some people say that this pressure to win electoral fights does not allow sensible long-term policies to be formulated
5. Some good people who may wish to serve the country do not enter this arena because they do not like the idea of being dragged into unhealthy competition

Question : Why is it necessary to check and regulate the activities of political parties and leaders?
1. In an ideal world all political leaders know what are good for the people and are only motivated by the desire to serve them. But that is not what happens in real world.
2. Political leaders all over the world like other professionals are motivated by a desire to advance their political career.
3. They want to remain in power and positions for themselves.
4. They may wish to serve people as well, but it is risky to depend entirely on their sense of duty.
5. Even, when they wish to serve people, they may not know what is required to do or their ideas may not match with that of the people really want.

Question : Examine the advantages of ‘Regular electoral (political) competition.’
1. Regular electoral competition provides incentives to political parties and leaders.
2. They know that if they raise issues that people want to be raised, their popularity and chances of victory will increase in the next elections.
3. But if they fail to satisfy the voters with their work they will not be able to win again. So, even if a political party is motivated only by desire to be in power, even then it will be forced to serve the people.
4. Political competitions may cause divisions and some ugliness, but it finally helps to force political parties and leaders to serve the people.

Question : Differentiate between General election, a by-election and a mid-term election.
¶ Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha (Assembly) elections are held regularly after every FIVE years. After five years the term of all the elected representatives come to an end. The Lok Sabha or the Vidhan Sabha stands dissolved. Elections are held in all constituencies at the same time, either on the same day or within a few days. This is called a general election.
¶ Sometimes election is held only for one constituency to fill the vacancy caused by the death or resignation of a member. This is called a by-election.
¶ Before the completion of the full term of five years, if Lok Sabha or Vidhan Sabha is dissolved, election will be held in all constituencies to form a new government. This is called mid-term election.

Question : What are electoral constituencies? How many constituencies are there for the Lok Sabha elections? 
1. The country is divided into different areas for the purpose of elections. These areas are called electoral constituencies.
2. The voters who live in an area (Constituency) elect one representative.
3. For Lok Sabha elections, the country is divided into 543 constituencies.
4. Similarly, each state is divided into a specific number of Assembly constituencies, and an elected member is called an MLA.
5. In Panchayats and Municipal elections also, each village and town are divided into several wards and people elect one representative from each ward.

Question : What are Reserved Constituencies? Why is reservation to Lok Sabha/ Vidhan Sabha/ Panchayats necessary? 
1. Out of 543 Lok Sabha seats 79 seats have been reserved for Scheduled Caste people and 41 seats for Scheduled Tribe people.
2. This system of reservation is extended to Vidhan Sabha and Panchayats and Municipal Corporations also.
3. Makers of our Constitution were worried that certain weaker sections in the society may not be able to get elected to parliament and State Assemblies.
4. Reserved seats are necessary because the socially and economically backward class people do not have the required resources, education and contacts to contest and win election against others.
5. One-third of the seats are reserved in rural and urban local bodies for women candidates.

Question : Define a ‘Voters’ list’/ Electoral Roll. 
Answer: Once the constituencies are decided, the next step is to decide who can and who 1/3 cannot vote. In a democratic election, the list is of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the election and given to everyone. This list is officially called the Electoral Roll and is commonly known as the Voters’ List. The Voter’s List is prepared by The Election Commission of India

Question : What is EPIC? Can any other identity that be used by a voter as a proof apart from EPIC?
1. Election Photo Identity Card [EPIC] has been introduced by the government to be given to every person on the voters list.
2. The voters are required to carry this card when they go out to vote, so that no one can vote for someone else.
3. For voting, the voters can show many other proofs of identity like the ration card or the driving license.

Question : What does Universal Adult Franchise mean? OR Who can be a voter in India?
1. All the citizens (Adult Citizens) aged 18 years and above can vote in an election. Every citizen has the right to vote, regardless of his or her caste, religion or gender etc.
2. Name of the voter has to be registered in the voters list for voting.
3. Some criminals and persons with unsound mind can be denied the right to vote in rare cases.

Question : Who can give nomination as a candidate in an election?
1. An Indian citizen, of the age of 25, whose name appears in voters list can be a candidate in an election in India for Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha.
2. Every person who wishes to contest an election has to fill a Nomination For, and also give a certain amount of money as Security deposit.
3. A candidate also has to make an AFFIDAVIT on criminal record, Education and Assets and Liabilities.

Question : What do you understand by a ‘party ticket’?
Answer: Political parties nominate their candidates who get the party symbol and support. Party nomination is often known as party ‘ticket’. 

Question : State the various election laws for a party or candidate to follow to ensure the free and equal chance in election.
1. According to our election law, neither party, nor any candidate can bribe or threaten voters.
2. They should not appeal to voters in the name of caste or religion.
3. They should not use government resources for election campaign, like govt. vehicles or places etc.
4. A candidate should not spend more than Rs. 25 lakhs in a constituency for Lok Sabha election or Rs. 10 lakhs in a constituency in an Assembly election.
5. If any of the above is violated, their election can be rejected by the court even after they have been declared elected.

Question : Point out the different stages in the election process.
1. Demarcation of constituencies and preparation of Voter’s List by the Election Commission.
2. Nomination of candidates.
3. Scrutiny of the nomination papers and allocation of election symbols.
4. Election campaign by candidate and political parties.
5. Polling, counting and declaration of results

Question : Describe the significance of election campaign.
1. During the election campaign, the people discuss openly and freely about the candidates and parties and their policies.
2. In India, campaign takes place for two weeks. ie. 14 days.
3. During this period, political leaders address election meetings, mobilize their supporters.
4. Political parties release Election Manifesto and there will be debates, rallies and door to door campaign.
5. They make attractive slogans and songs to draw attention of voters.
Eg. Garibi Hatao, Save Democracy, Land to the Tiller etc.

Question : What is the election turn out?
Answer:  People’s participation in election is usually measured by voter turnout figures. Turnout indicates the percent of eligible voters who actually cast their vote.

Question : What is an EVM?
Answer: EVM is the Electronic Voting Machines. EVM has replaced ballot papers. It has made voting and counting easier with more accuracy.

Question : “The outcome of the India’s elections speaks for itself.’’ Justify the statement with suitable explanation.
OR ‘Elections in India are free and fair’. Justify the statement.
1. The ruling parties routinely lose elections in India both at the national and state level. In fact in every two out of the three elections held in the last fifteen years, the ruling party lost.
2. In the US, an incumbent or ‘sitting’ elected representative rarely loses an election. In India about half of the sitting MPs or MLAs lose elections.
3. Candidates who are known to have spent a lot of money on ‘buying votes’ and those with known criminal connections often lose elections.
4. Barring very few disputed elections, the electoral outcomes are usually accepted as people’s verdict by the defeated party.

Question : Compare the voter turnout of India with western democratic countries. OR Why is voter turnout higher in India? 
1. Over the last fifty years, the turnout in Europe and North America has declined. In India the turnout has either remained stable or actually gone up.
2. In India the poor, illiterate and underprivileged people vote in larger proportion as compared to the rich and privileged sections. This is in contrast to western democracies.
3. Common people in India attach a lot of importance to elections. They feel that through elections they can bring pressure on political parties to adopt policies and programmes favourable to them. 

Question : How is the Election Commission formed in India? Why is it considered that ‘very few election commissions in the world have such wide-ranging powers as the Election Commission of India’? 
1. The Election Commissioners are appointed by the President of India, and EC enjoys the same kind of independence that the judiciary enjoys.
2. The EC has the full power to conduct the elections in free and fair manner. The EC is not answerable to the government. When on election duty, government officers work under the control of EC and not the government
3. Even if the ruling party does not like what the Election Commission does, it is virtually impossible to remove the Election Commissioners.
4. The process of removal of election commissioners is ‘IMPEACHMENT’, the same as the President of India, or the Judges of the High Court and the Supreme Court.
5. EC implements the Code of Conduct and punishes any candidate or party that violates it.
6. During the election period, EC can order the government to follow some guide lines to prevent the use or misuse of government power. 

Question : What are the functions of the Election Commission?
1. The Election Commission determines the Constituencies and prepares the voter’s list for election.
2. It plans the election schedule, appoints the election officials and ensures that free and fair elections are held.
3. The EC allots election symbols and prints ballot papers / EVM.
4. It receives the Nomination from the candidates and scrutinizes the nomination papers
5. E.C conducts polls, counts votes and declares the results.

1. What makes an election democratic?
2. Write Short notes on Election Commission of India.
3. Define the terms: (a) Voter’s List (b) Electoral Constituencies

Question : Which of the following sentiments about the reason for conducting elections are false?
a. Elections enable people to judge the performance of the government.
b. People select the representative of their choice in an election.
c. Elections enable people to evaluate the performance of the judiciary
d. People can indicate which policies they prefer.
Answer: (c) Elections enable people to evaluate the performance of the judiciary

Question : 
Which of these is not a good reason to say that Indian elections are democratic?
a. India has the largest numbers of voters in the world.
b. India’s election commission is very powerful.
c. In India, everyone above the age of 18 has a right to vote.
d. In India, the losing parties accept the electoral verdict.
Answer: (a) India has the largest numbers of voters in the world.

Question : List all the different election related activities mentioned in the chapter and arrange them in a time sequence, beginning with the first activity and ending with the last. Some of these activities are given below:
Releasing election manifestos, Counting of votes, Making of voters’ list, Election campaign, Declaration of election results, Casting of votes, Ordering of re-poll, Announcing election schedule, Filing nomination.
Answer: Different election related activities:
a) Making of voters’ list
b) Announcing election schedule
c) Filing nomination
d) Election campaign
e) Releasing election manifestos
f) Casting of votes
g) Counting of votes
h) Declaration of election results
i) Ordering of re-poll

Question : Surekha is an officer-in-charge of ensuring free and fair elections in an assembly constituency in a state. Describe what she should focus on for each of the following stages of election:
a. Election campaign
b. Polling day
c. Counting day.
a. Election campaign – During election campaign, the different political parties hold their meetings, take out their rallies, distribute their manifestos, display their posters and do doorto- door canvassing. Surekha as an officer-in-charge should see that the meetings are held within the stipulated time, there are no clashes during the rallies, no party is violating code of conducts for elections such as, wall-postering, character assassination of the opponents etc.
b. Polling day – On the polling day, the voters go to their nearest polling booths to cast their votes. On this day she has to see that:
 The polling is done in a peaceful atmosphere.
 No bogus voter casts the vote.
 There is police arrangement in every booth.
 No unsocial element enters any booth.
 There is no booth capturing or rigging.
 The ballot boxes or electronic machines reach counting center safely.
c. Counting day – On the counting day the agents of almost every candidate take their seats inside the counting center. Surekha as an officer-in-charge has to take care of the following:
 There is a proper seating arrangement for the agents of different candidates.
 Proper police arrangement is there to ward off any undue incident.
 Counting of votes is carried peacefully without any outside interference and to the full satisfaction of all the candidates.
 Rejoicing should be peaceful and un-provocative.

Question : Can we draw the following conclusions from the information given in this chapter? Give two facts to support your position for each of these.
a. Election Commission of India does not have enough powers to conduct free and fair elections in the country.
b. There is a high level of popular participation in the elections in our country.
c. It is very easy for the party in power to win an election.
d. Many reforms are needed to make our elections completely free and fair.
(a) It is wrong to say that election commission of India does not have enough powers to conduct free and fair elections. Because Election Commission of India have enough powers to conduct free and fair elections in the country. The Election Commission of India is an independent and powerful body. Firstly, the Election Commissioner of India is appointed by the President or Government of India. He can not be removed. Secondly, the can order Election Commissioner can order the Government to follow certain guidelines. Thirdly, if he feels that the elections have not been conducted fairly, he can order repoll in certain booths or even in the entire constituency. Fourthly, during election duty, other Government servants work under the control of Election Commissioner.
(b) It is a fact that there is a high level of popular participation in the elections in our country. During the last 50 years or so, the turn out of voters in the North America and Europe has declined while in India it has either remained stable or increased. It has been found that in our country the poor, the illiterate and the unprivileged people vote in larger proportion as compared to the rich and the privileged classes.
(c) It is quite a wrong notion that party in power can win an election quite easily in India. If such a thing would have been true, the Congress stalwart like Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India, would not have been defeated by Raj Narain, an ordinary politician. There are many occasions when the ruling party has lost elections in India.
(d) There is no system as such where can not be a reform and improvement. Reforms are required to prevent use of money, muscle power, and unfair practices from bearing fruit.

Question : Chinappa was convicted for torturing his wife for dowry. Satbir was held guilty of practicing untouchability. The court did not allow either of them to contest elections. Does this decision go against the principles of democratic elections?
Answer: In both the cases, Chinappa and Satbir, the court has done the right thing by not allowing either of them to contest elections. This decision does not go against the principle of democratic elections. The convicted and the guilty persons should not be allowed to contest elections otherwise they would criminalize the whole election process and that jeopardize the high principles of democracy.

Question : Here are some reports of electoral malpractices from different parts of the world. Is there anything that these countries can learn from India to improve their elections? What would you suggest in each case?
(a) During an election in Nigeria, the officer-in-charge of counting votes deliberately increased the votes of one candidate and declared him elected. The court later found out that more than 5 lakh votes cast for one candidate were counted in favour of another.
(b) Just before the elections in Fiji, a pamphlet was distributed warning voters that a vote for former Prime Minister, Mahendra Chaudhry will lead to bloodshed. This was a threat to voters of Indian origin.
(c) In the US, each state has its own method of voting, its own procedure of counting and it own authority for conducting elections. Authorities in the state of Florida took many controversial decisions that favoured Mr. Bush in the Presidential elections in 2000. But no one could change those decisions.
(a) The officer-in-charge during elections (counting) should have been impartial and should have ordered repoll. For voting there should be electronic machines so that no fraud could be done in counting. In the event of non-availability of electronic machines, the votes should be counted in presence of representatives of different candidates or political parties. Nigeria can learn this lesson from India. 
(b) Such a thing is quite wrong against the spirit of a free and fair election. Firstly, the voters should never be threatened to cast their vote against their conscience. Secondly, if at all, any pamphlet was to be distributed then it should have been done at least 48 hours before the date of election a done in India. So Fiji can learn these lessons from India – not to intimidate the voters and even if such a thing happens, then the election can be postponed or cancelled.
(c) In India, one and uniform rules are followed in all states as far as the method of voting, procedure of counting are concerned. Different rules, different authorities, and different procedures of counting lead to the ambiguity and vagueness and take away the sense of justice, which is one of the main principles of democracy. US can take some good points and lessons from India how to follow same rules, procedures etc. in all states and across the country.

Question : Here are some reports of malpractices in Indian elections. Identify what the problem in each case is. What should be done to correct the situation?
(a) Following the announcement of elections the minister promised to provide financial aid to reopen the closed sugar mill.
(b) Opposition parties alleged that their statements and campaign was not given the due attention in Doordarshan and All India Radio.
(c) An inquiry by the Election Commission showed that electoral rolls of a state contain names of 20 lakh fake voters.
(d) The hoodlums of a political party were moving with guns, physically preventing supporters of other political parties to meet the voters and attacking meetings of other parties.
(a) By doing so, the minister has erred on two counts. Firstly, he should not have made this promise when the announcement of elections has already been made. Secondly, by promising financial aid he is trying to bribe the voters by using financial tricks. He is trying to take advantage of his party being in power. This mill should not be opened and it should be left to the winning party to decide after the elections.
(b) In order to remove this allegation of the opposition parties, the best solution is that Doordarshan and All India Radio must be made autonomous bodies so that government could not influence them in its favour. Equal time should be given to all parties and candidates to present their views in front of the voters.
(c) The Election Commission has the power to remaking of the electoral rolls and to see that the names of 20 lakh fake voters are removed from the new electoral rolls.
(d) The Election Commission has the power to check this malpractice of moving with guns, physically preventing supporters of other political parties to meet the voters and attacking meetings of other parties. It can withdraw the recognition of any party or disqualify such a candidate from contesting elections if its supporters are found to be moving with weapons.

Question : Ramesh was not in class when this chapter was being taught. He came the next day and reported what he had heard from his father. Can you tell Ramesh what is wrong with these statements?
(a)Women always vote the way men tell them. So what is the point of giving them the right to vote?
(b) Party politics creates tension in society. Elections should be decided by consensus not by competition.
(c) Only graduates should be allowed to stand as candidates for elections.
(a) Women always vote the way men tell them to do is a wrong statement. It would be totally undemocratic if we debar women who are about 50 per cent of the population, of their right to vote on the basis of gender distinction. It will also take away the quality of true representation of a democracy. Often we see husband contesting election from one party while his wife contesting from another party.
(b) A healthy competition provides option to the people to choose the better. A consensus can make the people deaf and dumb which against the spirit of democracy. Electoral competition is necessary because it provides incentives to political parties and leaders and forces them to serve the people better.
(c) Educational qualifications are not necessary to all kinds of jobs. It is also a wrong notion that only graduates should be allowed to contest elections. A majority of people who fought for the independence of the country were almost illiterate. They have equal right with those of the educated to enjoy the fruit of the hard won independence. It is also agreed that if a graduate degree is made an eligibility criteria, then more than 90% of the voters would become ineligible for contesting an election. Would that be a democracy, certainly not. India follows the rule – ‘One person one vote’. This is in true spirit of democracy.

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