**Class 9 NCERT Solutions Work and Energy - NCERT Solutions prepared for CBSE students by the best teachers in Delhi. **

**Class IX Science**

**Chapter 11 – Work and Energy**

**Question 1:**

A force of 7 N acts on an object. The displacement is, say 8 m, in the direction of the force (Fig. 11.3). Let us take it that the force acts on the object through the displacement. What is the work done in this case?

**Answer:**

When a force F acts on an object to displace it through a distance S in its direction, then the work done W on the body by the force is given by:

Work done = Force × Displacement

W = F × S

Where,

F = 7 N

S = 8 m

Therefore, work done, W = 7 × 8

= 56 Nm

= 56 J

**Question 1:**

When do we say that work is done?

**Answer:**

Work is done whenever the given conditions are satisfied:

(i) A force acts on the body.

(ii) There is a displacement of the body caused by the applied force along the direction of the applied force.

**Question 2:**

Write an expression for the work done when a force is acting on an object in the direction of its displacement.

**Answer:**

When a force F displaces a body through a distance S in the direction of the applied force, then the work done W on the body is given by the expression:

Work done = Force × Displacement

W = F × s

Question 3:

Define 1 J of work.

**Answer:**

1 J is the amount of work done by a force of 1 N on an object that displaces it through a distance of 1 m in the direction of the applied force.

**Question 4:**

A pair of bullocks exerts a force of 140 N on a plough. The field being ploughed is 15 m long. How much work is done in ploughing the length of the field?

**Answer:**

Work done by the bullocks is given by the expression:

Work done = Force × Displacement

W = F × d

Where,

Applied force, F = 140 N

Displacement, d = 15 m

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