Class 9 NCERT Solutions Gravitation

Scroll down for PDF

Class 9 NCERT Solutions Gravitation - NCERT Solutions prepared for CBSE students by the best teachers in Delhi. 

Class IX Chapter 10 – Gravitation Science

Question 1:

State the universal law of gravitation


The universal law of gravitation states that every object in the universe attracts every other object with a force called the gravitational force. The force acting between two objects is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers. For two objects of masses m1 and m2 and the distance between them r, the force (F) of attraction acting between them is given by the universal law of gravitation as: Where, G is the universal gravitation constant given by:

Question 2:

Write the formula to find the magnitude of the gravitational force between the earth and an object on the surface of the earth.


Let ME be the mass of the Earth and m be the mass of an object on its surface. If R is the radius of the Earth, then according to the universal law of gravitation, the gravitational force (F) acting between the Earth and the object is given by the relation:

Question 3:

What do you mean by free fall?


Gravity of the Earth attracts every object towards its centre. When an object is released from a height, it falls towards the surface of the Earth under the influence of gravitational force. The motion of the object is said to have free fall.

Question 4:

What do you mean by acceleration due to gravity?


When an object falls towards the ground from a height, then its velocity changes during the fall. This changing velocity produces acceleration in the object. This acceleration is known as acceleration due to gravity (g). Its value is given by 9.8 m/s2.


Question 5:

Why is it difficult to hold a school bag having a strap made of a thin and strong string?


It is difficult to hold a school bag having a thin strap because the pressure on the

shoulders is quite large. This is because the pressure is inversely proportional to the

surface area on which the force acts. The smaller is the surface area; the larger will

be the pressure on the surface. In the case of a thin strap, the contact surface area

is very small. Hence, the pressure exerted on the shoulder is very large.

Question 6:

What do you mean by buoyancy?


The upward force exerted by a liquid on an object immersed in it is known as buoyancy. When you try to immerse an object in water, then you can feel an upward force exerted on the object, which increases as you push the object deeper into water.

Question 7:

Why does an object float or sink when placed on the surface of water?


If the density of an object is more than the density of the liquid, then it sinks in the liquid. This is because the buoyant force acting on the object is less than the force of gravity. On the other hand, if the density of the object is less than the density of the liquid, then it floats on the surface of the liquid. This is because the buoyant force acting on the object is greater than the force of gravity.

Students should free download the NCERT solutions and get better marks in exams. panel of teachers recommend students to practice questions in NCERT books and download NCERT solutions.


Click on the text For more study material for Science please click here - Science

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

TIPS: Study habits for success

Being a student is fairly a difficult job. Alongside maintaining your curricular as well as extra-curricular activities adds more to it. Performance in academics is one of the major concerns. Every parent now tries to get their children more indulged in studies. Need...

CBSE examination board hike the fee for class 10th and 12th

The CBSE (Central Board Secondary Education) increased the examination fees for classes 10 and 12 of the 2020 boards, with no profit no loss principle, from Rs. 750 to Rs 1500, for all categories of students, including SC/ST candidates for all schools throughout India...

JEE Entrance Exam 2020 Dates Registration Admit Cards Exam Pattern

JEE Entrance exam is conducted for students who wish to pursue engineering in different subjects or categories like mechanical, CS, etc.. It is officially organized and conducted by NTA. Formerly it was organized by CBSE. It avails seats for students in IITs, NITs, and...

Simple tips to Excel in Examinations

We are entering the last quarter of the Academic Session. With examinations just around the corner, I am sure all of us are carrying a mixed bag of Stress, Excitement, and Anxieties!! So, first and foremost- Let’s be Positive and Futuristic! It’s most important to...

CBSE Circular Aryabhatta Ganit Challenge

For students with a keen interest in mathematics are now provided with a better opportunity to explore their knowledge. CBSE has announced to conduct an exam for the purpose of generating interest in maths among students. It is a trial to clarify the myth that...

Studies Today