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DELHI PUBLIC SCHOOL
AZAAD NAGAR/BARRA, KANPUR
Subject : E.V.S
Lesson- 8: The Temperature Zones of the World
Q. Explain the factors that influence the climate of a place.
Ans. The factors that influence the climate of a place are-
1- Latitude or distance from the equator-
(a) The amount of heat received by a particular part of the earth depends upon its latitude or distance from the equator.
(b) Places near the equator receive direct rays of the sun which cover a small area and so they are hotter than places near the poles.
(c) Places away from the equator get slanting rays of the sun which cover a larger area and so are cooler than places near the equator.
2-Height above the sea-level or Altitude-
(a) Altitude refers to the height of a physical feature or place above sea level.
(b) Altitude has an effect on the temperature and atmospheric pressure.
(c) Air becomes cooler as we go higher above the sea level so places at high altitudes like hill-stations are cooler.
(d) Air becomes hotter as we are near the sea level and so places are hotter near the sea. Downloaded from www.studiestoday.com
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3- The distance from the sea-
(a) Places near the sea have a moderate climate i.e. they are neither too hot nor too cold.
(b) Places far away from the sea have extreme climate i.e. they are very hot in summers and very cold in winters.
(a) The amount of moisture or water vapour present in the air is called humidity.
(b) It depends upon the location of a place and direction of winds.
(c) Humid air causes rainfall.
(d) Winds from sea to land bring a lot of moisture and makes the coastal areas humid.
(e) Humidity causes us to perspire or sweat.
5- Direction of winds-
(a) The motion of air from one place to another is called wind.
(b) The wind if blows from a cold place will be cold and if it blows from a hot place will be hot.
(c) Thus, the wind blowing from cold regions decrease the temperature and those from hot regions increase the temperature.
(d) The wind blowing from the sea is full of moisture and will bring rain.
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