Value Based Questions
ONE MARK QUESTIONS
Question. State essential condition for diffraction of light to take place.
Answer : Size of slit is comparable to the size of wavelength.
Question. The angle between the pass axes of a polarizer and analyser is 45°. Write the ratio of the intensitiesof original light and the transmitted light after passing through the analyser.of original light and the transmitted light after passing through the analyser.
Answer : 1/4
Question. The polarizing angle of medium is 600. What is the refractive index of the medium?
Answer : μ = tan ip = tan 600 = √3 = 1.732
Question. At what angle of incidence should a light beam strike a glass slab of refractive index √3, such that the reflected and refracted rays are perpendicular to each other?
Answer : ip =tan -1μ = tan-1 (√3) = 600
Question. The refractive index of a material is 1/ √3. What is the angle of refraction if the unpolarised light is incident on it at the polarizing angle of the medium?
Does the poplarising angle for any transparent medium depend on the wavelength of light?
Answer : ip = tan-1 μ = tan-1(1/√3) = 300
, ip + r = 900 therefore r = 600
Question. Does the poplarising angle for any transparent medium depend on the wavelength of light?
Answer : Yes, since ip = tan−1μ = tan−1(λa⁄λm) since μ = λa⁄λm as refractive index depends upon wavelength.
TWO MARKS QUESTIONS
Question. Why clouds are white?
Answer : The clouds are at much lower heights. They are seen due to scattering of light from lower parts of the atmosphere, which contains large dust particles, water droplets, ice particles etc. all colours scattered equally merge to give us the sensation of white. Hence, clouds appear white.
Question. In Young’s double slit experiment, how is the fringe width altered if the separation between the slits is doubled and the distance between the slits and the screen is halved?
Answer : The fringe width is given by the relation β = λD/d,
Where λ, D and d are the wavelength of light, distance of the screen from the slits and the separation between the slits respectively.
Now, according to the question, d1 =2d and D1 =D/2
Therefore β1 =λD1/d 1 = (λ/2 × 2d) × (β/4) = ( 1/ 4)
Hence, the fringe width decreases to of its value.
Question. A narrow monochromatic beam of light of intensity I is incident a glass plate. Another identical glass plate is kept close to the first one and parallel to it. Each plate reflects 25% of the incident light and transmits the reaming. Calculate the ratio of minimum and maximum intensity in the interference pattern formed by the two beams obtained after reflection from each plate.
Answer : Let I be the intensity of beam I incident on first glass plate.
Each plate reflects 25% of light incident on it and transmits 75%.
Therefore, I1 =I; and I2 = 25/100I = I/4; I3 =75/100 I = 3/4I; I4 = 25/100 I3 = 1⁄4 x 3⁄4 I = 3/16 I
I5= 7/100 I4= 3⁄4 x 3/16 I = 9/64 I
Amplitude ratio of beams 2 and 5 is R = √ I2/I5 = √I/4 x 64/91 = 4/3 Imin/ Imax = [r-1/r+1]2 = [4/3-1 /4/3+1]2 = 1/49 = 1:49
Question. In a two slit experiment with monochromatic light, fringes are obtained on a screen placed at some distance D from the slits. If the screen is moved 5 x 10-2 m towards the slits, the charge in fringe width is 3 x 10 -5 m. If the distance between the slit is 10-3 m. Calculate the wavelength of the light used.
Answer : The fringe width in the two cases will be β = Dλ/d; β ‘= D’λ/d
β - β’ = (D-D’)λ/d;
λ = (β - β’ )d / (D-D’)
But D-D’ = 5 x 10-2 m β - β’ = 3 x 10-5 m , d= 10-3 m;
λ = 3 x 10-5 x 10-3 / 5 x 10-2 = 6 x 10-7m= 6000A
Question. A screen is placed 50m from a single slit, which is illuminated with 6000Å light. If the distance between the first and third minima in the diffraction pattern is 3.00mm, what is the width of the slit?
Answer : Here, D=50 cm = 1⁄2 m, λ =6000Å=6×10-7 m
X=3.00 mm = 3×10-3 m, a=?
For the diffraction minima , a sinθ =nλ, when θ is small
Or ax/D=n λ . . . x=n λ D/a
Now x= x3 -x1 = 3 λ D/a-1λD/a=2λD/a . . . a =2 λ D/x=2×6×10-7 ×1/2/3×10-3 =2×10-4 m
Question 1. Two boys, on their way from school were discussing seriously about something. They both were blowing soap bubbles and were thrilled to watch the expanding bubble with spectacular colour rings. Shwetha, a class XII student, was watching them for a long time, walking behind them. Suddenly she realised that the kids did not look at the traffic in that junction area. She rushed to them and instructed them to be cautious while on the road. She also explained the importance of traffic rules and told them that obeying traffic rules not only makes us safe but also others safe.
a. What are the values highlighted by Shwetha?
b. Why are colours formed on bubbles?
a. obeying road rules, alertness, concern in others’s life, clarity of knowledge.
b. due to superposition of incident and reflected waves of white light by thin film(interference)
Question 2. Ram and Suresh were going to their friend’s house by walk. It was a sunny day in the afternoon. It was very hot. Ram was finding it very difficult to see around him. He had to strain his eyes to see. Suddenly, Suresh took his cooling glasses from his pocket and asked him to wear them and later, Ram slowly managed to see. Suresh advised Ram on the necessity of wearing sun glasses during summer season.
a. What are the values shown by Suresh?
b. Name the phenomenon based on which cooling glasses reduce the glare.
c. What is the resultant intensity of light if both polariser and analyser are rotated through same angle?
a. caring , sharing, concern
c. no change in intensity of light
Question 3. Jimmy and Johnny were both creating a series of circular waves by jiggling their legs in water. The waves form a pattern. Their friend, Anitha , advised Jimmy and Johnny not to play with water for a long time. She then observed beautiful patterns of ripples which became very colourful. When her friend Latha poured an oil drop on it. Latha, a 12th standard girl, had explained the cause for colourful ripple patterns to Anitha earlier.
a. Identify any 2 values that could be related with Anitha and Latha?
b. Name the phenomenon involved in the above activity?
c. define wavefront
a Caring and affectionate
b.Latha is creative and knowledgble
c.Definition of wavefront.
Question 4. Somya was watching her mother who was washing clothes. Coloured soap bubbles exciting Somya. She asked her mother as to why the soap bubbles appear coloured. Her mother did not know anything about this. In the evening, she talked with Somya’s father. He also did not know anything. Both father and mother went to a science teacher who lived nearby. The teacher explained everything to Somya’s parents. They were satisfied. They came home and explain everything to Somya. Somya was very happy and she expressed her gratitude to her parents.
(a) What according to you are the values displayed by Somya’s parents?
(b) Which concept of physics is involved in the formation of colures in soap bubbles?
(a) Somya’s parents showed responsibility towards their daughter. They showed initiative in solving the problem.
Question 5. Rupesh often thought as to how the glare is reduced in headlights of automobiles he once talked to his maternal uncle Rajesh about this. Rajesh himself did not know anything about this. Rajesh went to a library and consulted many books. He could finally understand things. When he explained to Rupesh the details, Rupesh was very happy. Rupesh thanked his uncle Rajesh.
(a) What according to you, are the values displayed by Rajesh?
(b) How glare is reduced in headlights of automobiles?
(a) Rajesh loves his nephew and is ready to “run the extra mile” for his nephew. Rajesh also showed strong will to find out the details.
(b) Polaroids are used in headlights of automobiles to reduced glare.
Question 6. Kavita accompanied her mother an optician to buy sunglasses. The shopkeeper showed them a vast variety of sunglasses. The price varied from a few hundred to few thousands. The shopkeeper could not satisfactorily explain the vast difference in the prices of various sunglasses. Kavita’s mother postponed the decision to buy sunglasses. Before buying sunglasses, Kavita’s mother wanted to be sure that she gets the best for Kavita. She went to different shops talked to many peoples and finally bought Polaroid sunglasses for Kavita. Kavita was very happy and she thanked her mother for the best buy.
(a) What according to you are the values displayed by Kavita’s mother?
(b) What is the best about Polaroid sunglasses?
(a) Kavita’s mother showed investigative skills. She also showed “perfectionist” attitude. She is a hardworking woman. She is very careful in taking decision.
(b) Polaroid sunglasses drastically red
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