Class 10 English HOTs QuestionsDatabase for chapter Application of Derivatives.Based on CBSE and NCERT guidelines. The students should practice these HOTs Questions to gain perfection which will help him to get more marks in CBSE examination. Based on CBSE and NCERT guidelines. Based on the same pattern as released by CBSE every year. CBSE releases HOTs Questions every year. These papers are released prior to the CBSE board examinations so that students can do practice. database of 1 marks, 2 marks, 3 marks and 5 marks questions.
COMMUNICATIVE ENGLISH (101)
QUESTIONS BASED ON HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS
1. RIGHT MENTAL ATTITUDE
Thinking the right, positive way makes for success, happiness and a satisfying life. Negative way leads to failure, unhappiness and dissatisfaction. Many develop the way of thinking that others are watching them with a sharp and critical eye and disapproving them. It makes them shrink mentally and emotionally. The potential remains unused. Living to win others’ approval makes for a major personality defect. The fact is that others have neither the time nor the inclination to examine us as we think. They are too busy living their own life. Anyway, why fuss about them? Unsuccessful people are under self- created pressure. They say, ”What will others say?” ”What’s their thinking about me?” Another form of wrong attitude is, “I must act as Mr. S does.” “If I am not like him, I am a failure.” When you are pre- occupied by such thoughts, you are trying to become someone else. You become a pretender, losing all your ownness. You become frustrated and a failure. Many greenhorn writers, for example, instead of developing their own talent, ape a celebrity and end up with a pile of rejection slips. Then give up. Many greet troubles, which make their life harsher. They mar it because it makes them uneasy and distressed. Practical, positive, constructive thoughts bring the best out of you without distortion. Do what can be done about a setback without brooding over the morbid and miry side of it. Heed facts without pushing them under the carpet. Be rational. Sentimentalism besets and befogs the mind. Self-pity has never converted failure into success. The do-it yourself man learns to accept disappointments. He gets more out of life. He respects his own efforts and recognizes their values. One who learns from his mistakes, makes a full man. He emerges a winner in the long run. One who ignores mistakes, emerges a whiner.A whiner, when trouble or defeat comes his way, blames somebody else: bad luck, circumstances, work conditions, hostile environment or some other influence. He never thinks of heart-searching and self-analysis to get to the root of his failure. He does not discover his own faults. Self-analysis could be of tremendous help to him, and bring about the needed
transformation. Failure is success inside turned outside.
K suffers from a sense of inferiority. He is very often in a state of misery. Consequently, he is full of self-pity. Life has, for him, become a nightmare. Failure is his fate, in his own words.It works wonders when you recognize faults which should be corrected. This attitude brings a sense of satisfaction.
It also builds self confidence and character, develops personality, mental toughness which enhances one’s ability to face life courageously. Your success depends on your own attitude more than any other factor.
On the basis of degree of threat, following three categories have been identified:
a. Endangered Species: These are those species whose number has been reduced to a critical level. So these may become extinct if the same factors continue to operate.
(b)Vulnerable Species: Populations of these species are still abundant but their home range has been adversely affected, so these may become endangered if the same factors continue.
(c) Rare Species: These are those threatened species, which are very less in number and are usually confined in a specific area.
(d)Endemic Species: The organisms or species confined to a definite region for their distribution are called endemic species. This definite region may be a continent or a country, a province or even a small freshwater pool. In India about five thousand plant species are endemic.
Read the passage and answer the following questions.
(1) Ecological balance is important to sustain nature and life. How wildlife, that is, a national resource maintains ecological balance?
(2) Wildlife is gradually depleting and some species are becoming extinct. What are the factors which are affecting their number?
(3) How is biodiversity being threatened in industrial areas?
(4) There are certain regions which are rich in wildlife. What are these regions called and where are they?
(5) How many categories of wildlife are identified? What is the basis of their identification?
Find the word/phrases having same meaning.
(a) Cutting of forests __________________
(b) Illegal killing of animals __________________
(c) Reduction in number __________________
(d) To find out/locate __________________
3. GLOBAL WARMING STIRRING UP STORMS?
IPCC report has said it is likely that global warming would make cyclones more intense
LONDON: Meteorologists are predicting a more active hurricane season than usual this year, but there is no way to know whether global warming has caused an individual event such as a hurricane , or whether it has made such storms worse. On the other hand, some scientists argue that storms such as Gustav are more likely in a warming world, because warmer seas make more powerful storms. If anything , the science has become fuzzier in the years after Hurricane Katrina, with studies suggesting that future storm strength could increase in places but decrease in others – studies seized on by both sides of the debate.
Last year’s report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said it was “likely” that global warming would make future cyclones more intense. Studies of hurricane records suggest this trend can already be seen. Some scientists have linked an increasing number of hurricanes in the north Atlantic to global warming. Although, globally the number of tropical storms each year has hovered around 90 years over the past century, in the north Atlantic there has been a clear increase. From 1850-1990, the overall average of tropical storms in the north Atlantic was about five hurricanes. Since 1995, the 10-year average has risen, with the 1997-2006 average at about 14, including about eight hurricanes. The IPCC report said this was “more likely than not” down to global warming.
A number of factors prevent more definitive conclusions. It is difficult to use climate models to simulate the conditions that allow a hurricane to form. Although sea surface temperature is important, so are other variables, including the difference between the temperature of the sea and air, as well as the formation of high level winds that stop storms developing. It is also unclear how reliably historical records of hurricane strength can be compared, while storm activity in some regions seems to rise and fall in nature cycles over several decades.
On the basis of your reading of the passage complete the following sentences
1. Meteorologists have predicted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. In a warming world storms . . . . . . . .as . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. Global warming is likely to…………………………...
4. Hurricanes in the North Atlantic are due ……………..
5. The factor increased the hurricanes in North Atlantic................
6. Besides sea surface temperature, the other factors stop storm developing are…….
Find words from the passage having the same meaning as-
1. Eating, drinking, ingestion
2. Doubtful, uncertain, unsure
3. Preservation, protection
4. Reaping, collecting
4. PRESERVING GOOD WATER
An important call to protect the world’s fresh –water supplies has come from scientists, government leaders, and civil society representatives who met recently in Stockholm for World Water Week. As population and incomes grow concomitant consumption ,there is a sharp rise in the demand for water for direct use ,and as an input for food production .Many countries are also experiencing rising demand for water to grow biofuel crops.The global supply of fresh water ,which every individual needs at the rate 1,000 cubic metres per year to meet minimum drinking ,hygiene ,and subsistence requirements ,is under strain .Unpredictable monsoon patterns attributed to climate change are adding to the distress.The message to governments is that they must respond urgently with practical schemes or face escalating conflicts over water in the not-so-distant future .The priority must be to reduce water intensity in farming ,the biggest single user .Even a small but significant saving in irrigated agriculture can deliver more water for the people .That is clear from an International Water Management Institute forecast:without improved farm productivity ,including measures such as waterproofing of canal surfaces ,the volume of water lost due to evaporation annually could ,by mid-century ,be nearly double the present level of 7,130 cubic kilometers.
Conservation of water requires consumers to act wisely .Food contains a great deal of embedded water (a kilo of wheat needs 1,000 litres to produce ,according to data presented at the Stockholm conference) and discarding it as garbage wastes the precious resource .The conference heard distressing evidence of a large amount of food being thrown away every year ,mainly in the developed world .According to a policy brief released at the conference ,in the United States ,as much as 30 percent of the food produced ,valued at $48.3 billion ,is thrown away; that wastes an estimated 40 trillion litres of water ,enough to meet the needs of 500 million people .In developing countries ,a lot of produced perishes right on the farm ,in storage ,and during transport .Cumulatively ,this represents colossal burden of waste .The challenge before all countries is to translate the improved awareness into effective conservation policies .Some may choose to charge for excessive water use and also deploy technologies such as desalination to increase availability. But these represent the low-hanging fruit .A sustainable future will depend on creating strong watersheds for farming ,forming community tanks and lakes for rainwater harvesting ,and strictly enforcing rules that compel cities and towns to reuse grey water.
On the basis of your reading of the passage answer the following questions.
1. What important call was made at World Water Week in Stockholm?
2. What is individual’s approximate need of fresh water?
3. What should the government do to meet the fresh water requirement?
4. Which is the biggest single unit of water?
5. For what the consumers should act wisely?
6. What is a colossal burden of water?
7. How can the countries translate the improved awareness into effective conservation policies?
8. Give another title to the passage.
9. Find the words in the passage having the same meaning as given below :
(a) Cyclone , tornado
(b) Hot , torrid sweltering
(c) Float ,fly ,flutter
(d) Decisive ,conclusive
Her arms across her breast she laid,
She was more fair than words can say.
Barefooted came the beggar-maid.
Before the king
In robe and crown the king step down,
To meet and greet on her way.
‘It’s no wonder’ said the lords.
‘She is more beautiful than day’
As shines the moon in clouded skies,
She in her poor attire was seen,
One praised her ankles, one her eyes,
One her dark hair and lovely smile,
So sweet a face, such angel grace
In all that land had never been,
The king swore a royal oath,
‘This beggar-maid shall be my queen!
1 (a) Who was the beggar maid ?
(b) State the two aspects of comparison with nature ?
(c) Mention the King’s reaction on seeing the maid ?
(d) ‘King’s going down does not surprise the lords’, Explain?
2 On the basis of your reading of the poem. Complete the following.
(a) Give two words which show the maid’s way of dressing…….
(b) Name a celestial being she is compared to……….
(c) Give another word for ‘regal promise’……..
(d) In one line describe the king’s simplicity………
6. FRIEND, GUIDE AND PHILOSOPHER
A teacher who ceases to learn also ceases to be a teacher. The willingness in a teacher to learn is what makes him/her a complete teacher. A teacher is a friend, philosopher and a guide to all students under his/her care.
September 5 is an important and memorable day in the history of events as it is ‘Teacher’s Day’. All schools and colleges in the country wear a festive look, by remembring and recapitulating the great sacrifices made by the first Vice-President and second President of India, Dr S.Radhakrishnan. Dr S.Radhakrishnan, whose birth anniversary is being celebrated as Teacher’s Day every year, was an ideal Teacher with impeccable character. He loved his teaching profession more than any other professions he had taken up during his eventful lifetime. Radhakrishnan’s teaching was so enlightening and interesting that all the students listened to him With rapt attention, No student missed his class.
Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on September 5,1888,at Tiruttani near Madras. He was a multifaceted personality- scholar professor, orator, administrator, writer, philosopher, diplomat, statesman and patriot. His contribution towards education is stupendous and he staunchly believed that education possessed the power to alleviate all the maladies affecting our society
He believed that “Unless we have dedicated and committed teachers to take to teaching as a mission in their lives , a good educational system cannot be developed. When he became the President of India in 1962 , some people approached him and requested him to allow them to celebrate September 5. In reply , Dr Radhakrishnan said , “Instead of celebrating my birthday separately it would being proud privilege if September 5 is observed as teacher’s day From then on , the day has been observed as teacher’s day . It was a joyous occasion when india’s highest award , The Bharat Ratna , was conferred on him in 1954 in recognition of his meritorious service to mankind.
On the basis of the reading of the above passage complete the following sentences:
(a) A competent teacher is one……………………………………….
(b) To recapitulate the sacrifices made by the president Dr. Radhakrishnan
(c) No student missed Radhakrishnan’s teaching class
(d) Dr.Radhakrishnan’s strong belief
(e) According to him a good education system can be
(f) In 1962 , it was decided that September 5 ………………………...
(g) Bharat Ratna was ………………………..for……………………..
(h) President Dr.Radhakrishnan was ?..........................................................
Find the words in the passage having the meanings given below
1. Faultless , Exemplary
2. amazing , extraordinary , remarkable
3. reduce , lessen , diminish
4. presented , awarded , bestowed,
1. You are Mohit of class X A of Holy Family Public School, Lucknow. Your school is organizing a Hepatitis-B Vaccination Camp next fortnight to immunize the students against this disease. Write a notice in not more than 50 words to be put up on the Notice Board inviting students to get the Hepatitis-B vaccine @ Rs. 50/- per shot. Put the notice in a box.
2. You are the student incharge of Road Safety Patrol Wing. Your city Traffic Police is organizing a Traffic Awareness Camp in your school on 10 September 2008 at 1:30 pm. Write a notice in not more than 50 words inviting students to participate in it to ensure road safety. Put the notice in a box.
3. You are the head boy of Doon Public School, Dehradun. Draft a notice in not more than 50 words for the House Captains and Vice-Captains to attend a meeting with the Principal and House Incharge for allocating duties to students for checking uniforms, personal hygiene, late coming, reading habits etc. Put the notice in a box.
4. Imagine that your close friend has been admitted in a hospital and needs O-ve blood for an emergency operation. This rare blood group is not available at present in the hospital. On the advice of the doctors you decide to write a notice to be put up on the Notice Board of the hospital. Write that notice with all necessary details in not more than 50 words. Put the notice in a box.
1. Read the following telephonic conversation between Aditya and Mr. Verma.Aditya is leaving home in a few minutes and shall not meet his father Mr. T.K. Singh. He leaves a message for him. Write the message using not more than 50 words. Put the message in a box.
Mr. Verma: Hello! Is it 5962342?
Aditya: Yes please. May I know who is speaking?
Mr. Verma: This is Verma here. May I talk to Mr. T.K. Singh?
Aditya: Uncle, my papa is out at the moment and will be back after 2 hours.
May I take a message for him?
Mr. Verma: Sure, son. Please tell your papa that I can’t come to office today as I have to go to Dehradun all of a sudden. My son who studies in an Engineering College there has met with an accident. He is otherwise all right, kindly tell him to submit my leave application for 4 days.
Aditya: Oh! How sad! Uncle, please don’t worry, I shall leave a message for
him. Is there anything else?
Mr. Verma: No, son. Thanks a lot?
3. The following is a telephonic message scribbled by Sahil’s mother. She later wrote this detailed message for her neighbour, Mrs. Kapur. Read the notes and write the message in not more than 50 words. Put the message in a box.
Notes:- Mrs. Preeti from Dehradun rang around 3 pm-arriving by Dehradun Express-30 April-receive-stay a week-special visits Qutab Minar, Rajghat, Red Fort etc-leaves New Delhi for Kanpur-Allahabad Express.
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