Download CBSE Class 9 Social Science Poverty as Challege Notes in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 9 Social Science have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for Social Science in Standard 9. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 9 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 9 Social Science for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 9 Social Science given our website
XI. The countries use different poverty line because-
a) Poverty line varies from time and space.
b) Each country uses an imaginary line of its own appropriate for its existing level of development and minimum social norm
c) Eg: In USA who does not own a car is considered a poor while in India owning a car is a luxury.
XII. Vulnerability of Poverty means:
1. Greater chances of certain people or group of people communities of becoming poor or remaining poor.
2. It also means that certain people like widow, physically disabled are more prone to poverty in uncertain situations like natural disaster or calamities.
3. It reflects lack of alternatives and social and economic inability to handle risk.
4. Vulnerable groups have higher probability of getting affected than others in bad times.
5. It is determined by the availability of options for finding an alternative living in terms of assets, education health.
XIII. Social Exclusion:
1. Social exclusion involves denial of fair rights and opportunities to certain groups like Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes which are enjoyed by the majority group.
2. It means when an individual or group of people are distanced from the mainstream society.
3. It results in inability of the excluded group to participate in basic political, social and economic functions of the society.
4. Social exclusion is both a cause and consequence of poverty.
5. Eg: social exclusion in India is practiced on the basis of caste system and untouchability. Thus leading to lower castes to live in poverty.
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