CBSE Class 10 Physics Electricity Notes

Scroll down for PDF

CBSE Class 10 Physics Electricity Notes. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations. For more study material for physics please click here - cbse class 10 physics electricity questions and answers.

Class -X

Chapter 3: Electricity

Chapter Notes

Key Learnings:

1. Electric current is the rate of flow of charge.

2. Battery provides the driving force required to move the charges along the wire from one terminal to another.

3. The constant voltage difference between the two terminals of the wire maintains the constant electric current through the wire.

4. Electric current is measured in terms of amperes where 1 ampere = 1 coulomb / second

5. Voltage is measured in terms of volt where 1 volt = 1 joule /coulomb

6. Resistance is a property that resists the flow of electrons in a conductor. It controls the magnitude of the current. The SI unit of resistance is ohm (Ω).

7. Resistivity is defined as the resistance offered by a cube of the material of side 1 m when the current flows perpendicular to the opposite faces of the cube.

8. Ohm’s law: The potential difference across the ends of a resistor is directly proportional to the current through it, provided its temperature remains the same.

9. The resistance of a conductor depends directly on its length, inversely on its area of cross – section, and also on the material of the conductor.

10. In Series combination of resistors: - The current flowing through each resistor is the same - The potential difference across the ends of the series combination is distributed across the resistors - The equivalent resistance is greater than the greatest resistance in the combination.

11. In Parallel combination of resistors: - The potential difference across each resistor is same and is equal to the potential difference across the combination.

- The main current divides itself and a different current flow through each resistor.

- The equivalent resistance is lesser than the least of all the resistances.

12. The effect of heating current due to which heat is produced in a wire when current is passed through it is called heating effect of current.

13. Electric power is the rate at which electrical energy is produced or consumed in an electric circuit.

14. The unit of power is watt (W). One watt of power is consumed when 1 A of current flows at a potential difference of 1 V.

15. The commercial unit of electric energy is kilowatt hour (kW h), commonly known a ‘unit’.

Please click the link below to download pdf file for CBSE Class 10 Physics Electricity Notes.


Click on the text For more study material for Physics please click here - Physics

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

CBSE Instructs schools to form Eco Clubs

The Central Board of Secondary Education has directed schools to form Eco Clubs under the Board for Environmental Protection. They have further asked the schools to ensure that every student would save one litre of water at home and school every day. It was started by...

TIPS: Study habits for success

Being a student is fairly a difficult job. Alongside maintaining your curricular as well as extra-curricular activities adds more to it. Performance in academics is one of the major concerns. Every parent now tries to get their children more indulged in studies. Need...

CBSE to launch 'Tamanna' aptitude test

Introduction: The poor decisive condition of students to pursue their subject of interest has been an area of concern. To the ease of which CBSE is to launch ‘Tamanna’. An aptitude test in order to provide a line of guidance to students of class 9th and 10th. What is '...

IBM to Set AI Curriculum for CBSE Class IX to XII

The Central Board of Secondary Education has tied up with IBM to develop a course of Artificial Intelligence in the CBSE curriculum. Now CBSE is going to introduce Artificial Intelligence as an elective subject for class 9 to 12th. The CBSE has taken this decision to...

Extension of dates by CBSE for Single Girl Child Merit (SGC) scholarship

CBSE has announced to extend dates for SGC scholarship. Previously the dates to submit the SGC scholarship form were 18 October 2019. Now dates have shifted. For online submission, the last date is 31st October. Whereas date for submission of hard copies of renewal...

Vidya Daan by CBSE

CBSE has launched a new initiative to provide free of cost quality education to students in rural areas. CBSE has named that initiative “Vidya Daan”. Lot of reforms are been continuously done by CBSE so that the teachers can offer a personalized experience to students...

Studies Today