CBSE Class 10 Chemistry Carbon And Its Compounds Notes

CBSE Class 10 Chemistry - Carbon and its compounds Notes. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations. For study materia for chemistry please click here - cbse class 10 chemistry book pdf.


Chapter 4

Carbon and its compounds

Top concepts:

1. Covalent bond: A covalent bond is a bond formed by sharing of electrons between atoms. In a covalent bond, the shared pair of electrons belongs to the valence shell of both the atoms.

2. Conditions for formation of covalent bond:

a. The combining atoms should have 4 to 7 electrons in their valence shell.

b. The combining atoms should not lose electrons easily.

c. The combining atoms should gain electrons readily.

d. The difference in electronegativities of two bonded atoms should be low.

3. Properties of covalent compounds:

a. Physical states: They are generally liquids or gases. Some covalent compounds may exist as solids.

b. Solubility: They are generally insoluble in water and other polar solvents but soluble in organic solvents like benzene, toluene etc.

c. Melting and boiling point: They generally have low melting and boiling points.

d. Electrical conductivity: They do not conduct electrical current.

4. Steps for writing the Lewis dot structures of covalent compounds:

a. Write the electronic configuration of all the atoms present in the molecule.

b. Identify how many electrons are needed by each atom to attain noble gas configuration.

c. Share the electrons between atoms in such a way that all the atoms in a molecule have noble gas configuration.

d. Keep in mind that the shared electrons are counted in the valence shell of both the atoms sharing it.

Please click the link below to download pdf file for CBSE Class 10 Chemistry - Carbon and its compounds Notes.



Click to View or Download pdf file
Click for more Chemistry Study Material

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

CBSE Recommends Arogya Setu App, Writes To School Principals

Written recommendation from CBSE to school principals for initiating the Arogya Setu App! New Delhi:  The Central Board of Secondary Education has advised all school principals through a written communication recommending the “Arogya Setu App” and Health Ministry's...

CBSE Boards Answer Sheet Evaluation Class 10 and Class 12

HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal, through a video conference with all the education ministers of the state, discussed the further steps to be taken to smoothen the education process during the Covid-19 lockdown. The most important topic which was discussed repeatedly on...

Class 10 and Class 12 Board Exams to be resumed only for Main Subjects

The CBSE Board Exams have been postponed twice this year! New Delhi: The Education Ministry has urged the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) to reinstitute the board exams only for the main subjects. As per the official statement the Board will not conduct...

CBSE Boards Paper Checking to Start

As per the announcement recently released by the Ministry of Home Affairs, at least 3000 CBSE affiliated selected as evaluation centers for board exam answer sheets will be allowed to open for the limited purpose of evaluation purposes only. The answer sheets for Board...

Important announcement regarding rescheduling of Class 10 and 12 Board Exams

CBSE Board Exams 2020: Here's when Board will organize the CBSE Class X and Class XII Board Exams. All the candidates appearing for CBSE Standard X and Standard XII Board Exams 2020 can cross check the essential notice released by the board concerning rearrangement of...

Applied Mathematics Introduced by CBSE as Elective for Class 11 and Class 12

Mathematics Syllabus Revised by CBSE at the Senior Secondary Level! The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) to offer 'Applied Mathematics' as an Elective for XI and XII standard students. The elective subject, Applied Mathematics, is focused at evolving an...

Studies Today