CBSE Class 11 English Sample Paper Set L. It’s always recommended to practice as many sample papers as possible before the examinations. Students can download the sample papers and also question papers of previous years to practice and score better marks in examinations. Refer to other links too for more sample papers.
1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
1. The Food Bill is still in the works but has provoked a furious debate on the lack of grain storage facilities, rotting of grains and whether they should be distributed free to the hungry masses. Waking up to the fact that no food security programme can be effective without proper storage, the government is planning to upgrade existing warehousing facilities and also adding new ones. However, between food security and large-scale storage, there's a missing link that needs to be taken note of: storage at the farm level. No one can deny the importance of decentralized storage; at least 25-30 per cent grains in the country are stored at farm level.
2. However it is not as if there hasn't been enough thrust on this issue: there are State Institutes to look into the storage problems.
3. Yet, policy-wise we did have a sound start: the Save Grain Campaign, which was initiated 43 years ago, was supposed to do what we are floundering now. Through this campaign the Centre was to initiate and train states in warehousing and storage of grains. The Centre wanted the States to take it up on a large scale but the latter did not want any 'added responsibility'. Finding no takers, the campaign was withdrawn in 2008.
4. "Around 15- 20 per cent food grain loses occur in large storage godowns. Along with investment in large storage capacities, we must encourage farm- level storage. This can be in the form of refining and improving the local indigenous storage technologies and providing technical and financial support at that level," says M.B Chetti, Dean, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka.
5. He and many experts like him suggest that if we want to leapfrog in storage capacity at the farm-level (since setting u·p large storages is time consuming and expensive), new technologies like vacuum packing could be the answer. They assure quality as well as a chance to store grains almost any where and that it could be done in villages by trained persons.
6. "Alternatively, we have to go for cold storage facilities for food grains, which is very costly since it involves electricity supply," says Chetti. Instead, vacuum packing, says experts, helps preserve grains and seeds for long periods without any deterioration in quality. In fact, an experiment was carried out in the university on the usefulness of the packaging system (using chilli) and the results were satisfactory. The available technology offers a seven-packaging to preserve quality for long periods of time and once sealed, climatic condition changes have no effect on it. Elimination of oxygen from the pack helps in extending shelf life.
7. "At present only three-layer plastic films are manufactured in India. The seven-layered film needs to be imported. But the import duty is high," Says Mohan Bajikar, of course, such technologies are expensive, but then delivering to the hungry is not enough- quality must be ensured.
8. Food policy analyst Devinder Sharma, however says expensive solutions like silos and warehousing are not the answer to procurement and storage problems. Instead, he says,"local production, local procurement and local distribution" is the answer, something like what Chattisgarh has been doing. It procures paddy directly from farmers, buying it through cooperative societies and procurement centres at the village level. To store, he adds, the government can add a small godown next to each panchayat office.
9. Whichever way we look at it, decentralized storage cannot be left out of the loop if we want to ensure food security and reduce stock losses.
Read the questions given below and write the appropriate option in your answer sheet.
1. The necessity of proper storage has been realized because .................
(a) There is lack of food grain storage facilities
(b) Grain is lying in the open and rotting
(c) No food security is possible without it
(d) Masses are hungry and without grain
2. Decentralised storage stress upon .............
(a) storage at farm level
(b) storage at block level
(c) storage at district level
(d) storage at state level
3. The save grain campaign was withdrawn after 43 years because .....
(a) the centre did not spare funds
(b) proper training in warehousing was lacking
(c) the states did not show any interest
(d) the states did not want any added responsibility
4. The most co-effective solution for storage of grain is ...............
(a) Cold storage facilities
(b) decentralized storage
(c) setting up large warehouses
(d) vacuum packaging
5. Experts reject silos and warehousing because ................
(a) these are very costly solutions
(b) local storage and distribution is more effective
(c) these are inadequate for storage
(d) these failto reduce stock losses
6. Why was save green campaign withdrawn after 43 years?
7. How are new technologies like vacuum packaging more successful in storing?
8. Find the word similar to the meaning of 'native'? (para 4)
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