CBSE Class 7 Social Science Role Of Government In Health Notes

Download CBSE Class 7 Social Science Role Of Government In Health Notes in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 7 Social Science have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for Social Science in Standard 7. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 7 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 7 Social Science for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 7 Social Science given our website

CBSE Class 7 Social Science - Role of Government in Health. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.

Role of government in Health

Q1.What is health?

Ans. Health means our ability to remain free of illness and injuries. It also means to be active and in good spirits in whatever we may be doing. It isn’t healthy to be dull, inactive, anxious or scared for long stretches of time. Health means to be without mental strain.

All these aspects are a part of health.

Q2.What are the factors that affect the health?

Ans. Following are the three factors that affect health:

1. Availability of clean drinking water.

2. Pollution free environment.

3. Adequate and nutritious food to eat.

Q3.What is the status of healthcare in India?

Ans.

1. India is the largest producer of doctors in the world.

2. There has been a substantial increase in the number of hospitals from 1950 to 2000.

3. India is the 4th largest producer of medicines in the world and is also a large exporter of medicines.

4. Most doctors settle in urban areas and the number of doctors with respect to the population is much less in rural areas.

5. About 5 lakh people die from Tuberculosis every year.

6. Almost 2 million cases of malaria are reported every year.

7. Half of all children in India do not get adequate food to eat and are undernourished.

Q4.What facilities are required to prevent and treat illness?

Ans. We require healthcare facilities such as:

1. Health centres.

2. Hospitals

3. Laboratories.

4. Ambulance services.

5. Blood banks etc. that provide the required healthcare and services that patient need.

In order to need to run these facilities we need:

1. Health workers.

2. Nurses.

3. Qualified doctors and other health professionals, who can advise, diagnose and treat illness.

4. We also need medicines and equipment’s that are necessary for treating patients.

Q5 What do you mean by the term Medical tourists.

This refers to foreigners who come to this country specifically for medical treatment at hospitals that offer world–class facilities at a lower cost than what they would have to pay in their own countries.

Q6. What are the two types of healthcare services in our country?

Ans. The two types of healthcare services in our country are:

1. Public healthcare services.

2. Private healthcare services.

Q7. Explain Public healthcare services.

Ans. It is a system of hospitals and healthcares run by the government. They cover both rural and urban areas to provide treatment to all kind of problems.

Q8. What kind of Public health services are available at the village level, district level and in cities?

Ans. At the village level there are health centres where there is usually a nurse and a village health worker. They are trained in dealing with common illnesses and work under the supervision of doctors at the Primary Health Centre (PHC). Such a centre covers many villages in a rural area.

At the district level is the District Hospital that also supervises all the health centres. Large cities have many government hospitals.

Q9. Why are Public Health services so called?

Ans. The Public Health services are so called for the following reasons:

1. In order to fulfil its commitment of providing healthcare to all citizens, the government has established these hospitals and health centres.

2. The resources needed to run these services are obtained from the money that we, the public, pay to the government as taxes. Hence, such facilities are meant for everyone.

3. One of the most important aspects of the public health system is that it is meant to provide quality healthcare services either free or at low cost, so that even the poor can seek treatmen

4. Another important function of public health is to take action to prevent the spread of diseases such as TB, malaria, jaundice, cholera, diarrhoea etc. This has to be organized by the government with the participation of people otherwise it is not effective.

Q10. According to our constitution, what is the primary duty of the government?

Ans. According to our constitution, the primary duty of the government is to ensure the welfare of every person and ensure Right to Life to everyone.

Q11. What are Communicable diseases?

These are diseases that are spread from one person to another in many ways such as through water, food, air, etc.

Q12. What is OPD?

This is the short form for ‘Out Patient Department’. This is where people are first brought in and treated in a hospital without being admitted to any special ward.

Q13. What are private health facilities?

Ans. It refers to a wide range of health facilities like hospitals, nursing homes, clinics etc that are privately owned. These are the health facilities that are not owned and controlled by the government. In private facilities the patients have t pay a lot of money for the services that they use.

Q14. What kind of Private Health facilities are available in rural and urban areas?

Ans. Following are the facilities available in rural and urban areas:

1. In rural areas, one finds Registered Medical Practitioners (RMPs).

2. Urban areas have large number of doctors, many of them providing specialized services. There are hospitals and nursing homes that are privately owned.

3. There are many laboratories that do tests and offer special facilities such as X-ray, ultrasound, etc.

4. There are also shops from where to buy medicines.

Q15. “Is adequate healthcare available to all?” Discuss

Ans. In India, we face a situation where private services are increasing but public services are not. What is then available to people are mainly private services. These are concentrated in urban areas. As these services are run for profit, the cost of these services is rather high. Medicines are expensive. Many people cannot afford them. Sometimes it is not only the lack of money that prevents people from getting proper medical treatment.

Women, for example, are not taken to a doctor in a prompt manner. Women’s health concerns are considered to be less important than the health of men in the family. Many tribal areas have few health centres and they do not run properly. Even private health services are not available.

Q16. Why are poor people more prone to illness?

Ans. Those who are poor are in the first place undernourished. These people are not eating as much as they should. They are not provided with basic necessities like drinking water, adequate housing, clean surroundings etc and are therefore more likely to fall ill.

Q17. How has Kerala improved upon the health facilities to be provided to its people?

Ans. In 1996, the Kerala government made some major changes in the state. Forty per cent of the entire state budget was given to panchayats.

They could plan and provide for their requirements. This made it possible for a village to make sure that proper planning was done for water, food, women’s development and education.

Health centres were also improved. All this helped to improve the situation.

Q18. What does the Costa Rican constitution say about the provision of health services to its people?

Ans. Costa Rica is considered to be one of the healthiest countries in South America.

Costa Rica took a very important decision and decided not have an army. This helped the Cost Rican government to spend the money that the army would have used, on health, education and other basis needs of the people.

The Costa Rican government believes that a country has to be healthy for its development and pays a lot of attention to the health of its people.

Q19. Mention the constitutional provisions in regard to the healthcare in India.

Ans. According to our constitution, it is primary duty of the government to ensure the welfare of the people and provide health care facilities to all.

The government must safeguard the Right of Life of every person. If a hospital cannot provide timely medical treatment to a person, it means that this protection oflife is not being given.

It is the duty of the government to provide the necessary health services including treatment of in emergency situations. The state government can also be asked to give money to the patient that he had spent on his treatment.

 

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