CBSE Class 7 Social Science Inside Our Earth Notes

Download CBSE Class 7 Social Science Inside Our Earth Notes in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 7 Social Science have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for Social Science in Standard 7. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 7 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 7 Social Science for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 7 Social Science given our website

CBSE Class 7 Social Science - Inside Our Earth. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.

Inside Our Earth

Q1.What are the three layers of the interior of the earth?

Ans. Crust – It's the outermost layer of the earth’s crust. Mantle – It is the second layer of the earth. Core – It is the innermost layer of the earth.

Q2. Name three types of rocks. Give examples of each type of rock.

Igneous rocks- Granite, basalt

Sedimentary – Sandstone

Metamorphic – Slate, marble

Q3. Define, ‘rock’.

It is a natural mass of mineral matter that makes up the earth’s crust.

Q4.Why is it not possible to reach the centre of the earth?

The central core has very high temperature and pressure and hence it is not possible to reach the centre of the earth.

Q5.What are the main mineral constituents of continental and oceanic mass?

Continental mass – Silica and alumina.

Oceanic mass – Silica and magnesia.

Q6.What are Lithospheric plates?

Our lithosphere is broken into a number of plates called Lithospheric plates. The plates move because of molten magma inside the earth.

Q7.What are minerals? How are they useful?

Minerals are naturally occurring substances which have certain physical properties and definite chemical composition. Some are them used as fuels. For example, coal, natural gas and petroleum. They are also used in industries – iron, aluminum, gold, uranium, etc., in medicine, in fertilisers, etc.

Q8. Distinguish between extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks.

Extrusive – when the molten lava comes on the earth’s surface, it rapidly cools down and becomes, solid. Rocks formed in such a way, are called extrusive igneous rocks. They have a very fine, grained structure. Intrusive – Sometimes, the molten lava cools deep inside the earth’s crust. Solid rocks so formed are called intrusive igneous rocks. Since they cool down slowly, they form large grains.

Q9. Describe the process of formation of sedimentary rocks.

Rocks roll down, crack, & hit each other and are broken down into smaller fragments. These smaller particles are called ‘sediments’. These sediments are transported and
deposited bywind, water, etc.

These loose sediments are compressed and hardened to form layers of rocks. These types of rocks are called sedimentary rocks.

Q10. How are metamorphic rocks formed?

Igneous and sedimentary rocks are transformed to metamorphic rocks under great heat and pressure.

Q11. How are rocks useful to us?

Rocks are useful to us in the following ways –

Hard rocks are used to make roads, houses and buildings.

Stones are used for playing several games.

Sculptures are also made out of rocks.

Q12. Describe the rock cycle.

One type of rock changes to another under specific conditions in a cyclical manner. This process of transformation of rocks fromone to another is known as the rock cycle. We know that, when molten magma cools, it solidifies to become igneous rocks. This igneous rock is broken down into smaller particles that are transported and deposited to form sedimentary rocks.

When igneous and sedimentary rocks are subjected to heat and pressure, they change into metamorphic rocks. The metamorphic rocks those are still under heat and pressure melt down to form molten magma. This molten magma cools down to form igneous rocks, and so the cycle repeats.

Q13. Explain the 3 layers of earth’s surface.

Crust- It is the uppermost layer of the earth’s surface. It is the thinnest of all the layers. It's about 35 km on the continental masses and only 5 km on the ocean floor.

Mantle- Just beneath the crust is the mantle which extends to a depth of 2900 km into the earth.

Core- It is the innermost layer of the earth. It is mainlymade up of nickel and iron called ‘nife’. The core has very high temperature and pressure.

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