CBSE Class 7 Social Science On Equality Notes

Download CBSE Class 7 Social Science On Equality Notes in PDF format. All Revision notes for Class 7 Social Science have been designed as per the latest syllabus and updated chapters given in your textbook for Social Science in Standard 7. Our teachers have designed these concept notes for the benefit of Grade 7 students. You should use these chapter wise notes for revision on daily basis. These study notes can also be used for learning each chapter and its important and difficult topics or revision just before your exams to help you get better scores in upcoming examinations, You can also use Printable notes for Class 7 Social Science for faster revision of difficult topics and get higher rank. After reading these notes also refer to MCQ questions for Class 7 Social Science given our website

CBSE Class 7 Social Science - On Equality. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.


Q1 Define the following ?

Constitution- This is a document that lays down the basic rules and regulations for people and the government in the country to follow.

b) Dalit- It is a term that the so-called lower castes use to address themselves. Dalit means ‘broken’ and by using this word, lower castes are pointing to how they were, and continue to be, seriously discriminated against.

c) Equality- It may be defined as equal treatment towards all human beings by the state.

d) Inequality- It means that some opportunity that is available to one person and not to another.

Q2.What is Universal Adult Franchise? How is it important?

It means that all adult (those who are 18 and above) citizens have the right to vote irrespective of their social or economic backgrounds. It is important because

a) It ensures Political equality among all.

b) It makes the government more accountable towards people.

c) It promotes equality because everyone has one vote with equal value.

Q3 Mention any two common forms of inequality in India.

Two common forms of inequality in India are

i)  Caste Discrimination

ii) Religious Discrimination

Q4 State the ways through which government has tried to implement the equality given in the Indian Constitution.

The two ways in which the government has tried to implement the equality that is guaranteed in the Constitution is

1. Through laws - There are several laws in India that protect every person’s right to be treated equally.

2. Through government programs or schemes to help disadvantaged communities- The government has set up several schemes to improve the lives of communities and individuals who have been treated unequally for several centuries. These schemes are to ensure greater opportunity for people who have not had this in the past.

Q5 Explain the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, religion or national origin. It also stated that all schools would be open to African–American children and that they would no longer have to attend separate schools specially set up for them. Rosa Parks was an African–American woman whose refusal to give up her seat on a bus to a white man on 1 December 1955 lead to huge agitation against the unequal ways in which African–Americans were treated and this came to be known as the Civil Rights Movement.

Q6 State the various provisions mentioned in the constitution to promote equality in India.

The various provisions mentioned in the constitution to promote equality in India are-

1. Every person is equal before the law. What this means is that every person, from the President of the country to a domestic worker, has to obey the same laws.

2. No discrimination- No person can be discriminated against on the basis of their religion, race, and caste, place of birth or whether they are female or male.

3. Access to public places- Every person has access to all public places including playgrounds, hotels, shops and markets. All persons can use publicly available wells, roads and bathing ghats.

4. Untouchability has been abolished.

Q7 Write a note on- mid daymeal scheme.

This refers to the programme introduced in all government elementary schools to provide children with cooked lunch. Tamil Nadu was the first state in India to introduce this scheme.
This programme has had many positive effects.

• More poor children have begun enrolling and regularly attending school.

• Their mothers, who earlier had to interrupt their work to feed their children at home during the day, now no longer need to do so.

•  This programme has also helped reduce caste prejudices because both lower and upper caste children in the school eat this meal together, and in quite a few places, Dalit women have been employed to cook the meal.

• It also helps reduce the hunger of poor students who often come to school and cannot concentrate because their stomachs are empty.

Q8 How can change happen in the society in regard to inequality practised in the society?

It is onlywhen people begin to believe that no one is inferior, and that every person deserves to be treated with dignity, that present attitudes can change.

Even though people are aware that discrimination is against the law, they continue to treat people unequally, on the basis of their caste, religion, disability, economic status and because they are women.


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