CBSE Class 9 Operative Activities in Business Notes

SENIOR SECTION ELEMENTS OF BUSINESS CLASS IX UNIT II: OPERATIVE ACTIVITIES IN BUSINESS NOTES 2 Various business activities may be classified into two broad categories — industry and commerce.   (1) INDUSTRY is concerned with the production or processing of goods and materials…

CBSE Class 9 Fundamentals of Business Activities Notes

SENIOR SECTION DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND HUMANITIES ELEMENTS OF BUSINESS (154) CLASS : IX NOTES-NO 1 : FUNDAMENTALS OF BUSINESS ACTIVITIES In every society people undertake various activities to satisfy their needs. These activities may be broadly classified into two groups…

CBSE Class 8 Science Cell and Tissue Notes

INTRODUCTION A cell is the structural and functional unit of life. It is the building block of which all living organisms are made, and the smallest unit of life capable of all the living functions. It is defined as a mass of protoplasm bounded by a plasma membrane. Cell vary…

CBSE Class 12 Biology Respiration Notes

Breathing & Exchange of Gases Introduction • It is a process of oxidation of organic compounds in cell in which energy is released.   • According to scientist G.S. Carter, there are 3 steps in respiration :   1.1 External respiration : Gaseous exchange between environment…

CBSE Class 10 Science Metals And Non Metals Notes Set C

METALS AND NON METALS INTRODUCTION Lavoiser classified all elements into metals, nonmetals and metalloids on the basis of their properties.   Some commonly used metals, nonmetals and metalloids are given below.   • Metals : Iron, Copper, Gold, Silver, Aluminium, Zinc Lead are…

CBSE Class 10 Science Metals And Non Metals Notes Set B

METALS AND NON-METALS INTRODUCTION All the materials around us are made up of chemical elements, which are found in the earth crust. Earth is the source of coal, petroleum, graphite, diamond and many other minerals of metals and non-metals. We get various useful things like…

CBSE Class 9 Social Science Poverty As a Challenge Notes

POVERTY AS A CHALLENGE INTRODUCTION In our daily life, we come across many people who we think are poor. They could be landless labourers in villages or people living in overcrowded jhuggis in cities. They could be daily wage workers at construction sites or child workers in…

CBSE Class 9 Science Motion Notes

MOTION INTRODUCTION Motion is a very preliminary state of action associated with living and non-living beings. The study of the displacement, velocity and acceleration associated with moving bodies can make us understand the motion of bodies. To have an in-depth study of…

Class 9 Computer Science Photoshop Notes

PHOTOSHOP INTRODUCTION Photoshop is a software for image processing. It is widely used by professional photographers to edit, manipulate and recolour photographs and create special effects draw objects, write text on them.   STARTING PHOTOSHOP   To start Photoshop, follow the…

Class 9 Computer Science Layers and Frames Notes

LAYERS AND FRAMES There are three types of layers in flash: • Normal layer • Guide / Guided layer • Mask / Masked layer   Normal Layer: It’s the default layer this layer guides the path to the other layers. The layer is made the guide layer by selecting the layer properties (…

Class 9 Computer Science Flash Notes

FLASH Macromedia Flash is a professional standard tool used to produce high-impact web pages and web sites that includes a good amount of animation, sound, graphics and interactivity. The extension of a Flash file is .fla   To open the flash window, perform the following steps…

CBSE Class 8 Social Science Tribals Dijus The vision of Golden Age Notes

TRIBALS, DIKUS AND THE VISION OF A GOLDEN AGE WHO ARE TRIBALS? Most tribes had customs and rituals that were very different from those laid down by Brahmans. These societies also did not have the sharp social divisions that were characteristic of caste societies. All those…

CBSE Class 8 English Reported Speech Narration Direct to Indirect Notes

Reported Speech/Narration/Direct to Indirect INTRODUCTION:- Direct speech is also known as reported speech. In grammar,when we report someone else’s statement in our own words without any change in the meaning of the statement, it is called indirect speech. Quoting a person’s…