CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Chemical Equilibrium MCQs Set B

 

Question: Which of the following is not a general characteristic of equilibria involving physical processes ?

  • a) All the physical processes stop at equilibrium
  • b) The opposing processes occur at the same rate and there is dynamic but stable condition
  • c) All measurable properties of the system remain constant.
  • d) Equilibrium is possible only in a closed system at a given temperature.

Answer: All the physical processes stop at equilibrium

 

Question: The liquid which has a ____ vapour pressure is more volatile and has a_____boiling point.

  • a) Higher, lower
  • b) Higher , higher
  • c) Lower, lower
  • d) Lower, higher

Answer: Higher, lower

 

Question: Boiling point of the liquid depends on the atmospheric pressure. It depends on the altitude of the place; at high altitude the boiling point…………..

  • a) decreases
  • b) increases
  • c) either decreases or increases
  • d) remains same

Answer: decreases

 

Question: In an experiment three watch glasses containing separately 1mL each of acetone, ethyl alcohol, and water are exposed to atmosphere and the experiment with different volumes of the liquids in a warmer room is repeated, it is observed that in all such cases the liquid eventually disappears and the time taken for complete evaporation in each case was different. The possible reason is/are

  • a) All of the above
  • b) the temperature is different
  • c) the amount of the liquids is different
  • d) the nature of the liquids is different

Answer: All of the above

 

Question: A small amount of acetone is taken in a watch glass and it is kept open in atmosphere. Which statement is correct for the given experiment?

  • a) The rate of condensation from vapour to liquid state is much less than the rate of evaporation
  • b) The rate of condensation from vapour to liquid state is equal or less than the rate of evaporation.
  • c) The rate of condensation from vapour to liquid state is equal to the rate of evaporation
  • d) None of these

Answer: The rate of condensation from vapour to liquid state is much less than the rate of evaporation

 

Question: Reaction is said to be in equilibrium when

  • a) the rate of transformation of reactant to products is equal to the rate of transformation of products to the reactants.
  • b) 50% of the reactants are converted to products
  • c) the volume of reactants is just equal to the volume of the products
  • d) the reaction is near completion and all the reactants are converted to products

Answer: the rate of transformation of reactant to products is equal to the rate of transformation of products to the reactants.

 

Question: Which of the following is not true about a reversible reaction?

  • a) Number of moles of reactants and products is always equal
  • b) It can be attained only in a closed container
  • c) It cannot be influenced by a catalyst
  • d) The reaction does not proceed to completion

Answer: Number of moles of reactants and products is always equal

  

Question: If a system is at equilibrium, the rate of forward to the reverse reaction is

  • a) equal
  • b) less
  • c) high
  • d) at equilibrium

Answer: equal

 

Question: In a reversible chemical reaction having two reactants in equilibrium, if the concentration of the reactants are doubled then the equilibrium constant will

  • a) Remain the same
  • b) Be halved
  • c) Also be doubled
  • d) Become one-fourth

Answer: Remain the same

 

Question: On doubling P and V with constant temperature the equilibrium constant will

  • a) remain constant
  • b) become one-fourth
  • c) become double
  • d) None of these

Answer: remain constant

 

More Questions..........................

 

Question: The reaction quotient Q is used to

  • a) predict the direction of the reaction
  • b) calculate equilibrium concentrations
  • c) calculate equilibrium constant
  • d) predict the extent of a reaction on the basis of its magnitude

Answer: predict the direction of the reaction

 

Question: Which one of the following information can be obtained on the basis of Le Chatelier principle?

  • a) Shift in equilibrium position on changing value of a constraint
  • b) Equilibrium constant of a chemical reaction
  • c) Entropy change in a reaction
  • d) Dissociation constant of a weak acid

Answer: Shift in equilibrium position on changing value of a constraint

 

Question: Suitable conditions for melting of ice

  • a) high temperature and high pressure
  • b) high temperature and low pressure
  • c) low temperature and low pressure
  • d) low temperature and high pressure

Answer: high temperature and high pressure

 

Question: In an equilibrium reaction if temperature increases

  • a) any of the above
  • b) no effect
  • c) equilibrium constant decreases
  • d) equilibrium constant increases

Answer: any of the above

 

Question: What happens when an inert gas is added to an equilibrium keeping volume unchanged?

  • a) More product will form
  • b) Less product will form
  • c) More reactant will form
  • d) Equilibrium will remain unchanged

Answer: More product will form

 

Question: Which of the following is/are electrolytes?

(i) Sugar solution (ii) Sodium chloride
(iii) Acetic acid      (iv) Starch solution

  • a) (ii) and (iii)
  • b) (i) and (iv)
  • c) (ii) and (iv)
  • d) (i) and (iii)

Answer: (ii) and (iii)

 

Question: Which of the following statements are correct regarding Arrhenius theory of acid and base?

  • a) Both
  • b) This theory was applicable to only aqueous solutions
  • c) This theory was applicable to all solutions
  • d) None of these

Answer: Both

 

Question: Would gaseous HCl be considered as an Arrhenius acid ?

  • a) No
  • b) Yes
  • c) Not known
  • d) Gaseous HCl does not exist

Answer: No

 

Question: A base, as defined by Bronsted theory, is a substance which can

  • a) accept protons
  • b) gain a pair of electrons
  • c) donate protons
  • d) lose a pair of electrons

Answer: accept protons

 

Question: BF3 is an acid according to

  • a) Lewis Concept
  • b) Arrhenius concept
  • c) Bronsted-Lowry concept
  • d) None of these

Answer: Lewis Concept

 

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