THEORY Unit – I – (B)Fundamentals of Painting (The Elements of Art)
Shape and Form
A shape is an enclosed space defined by a line or by contrast to its surroundings. A shape generally has length, breadth, direction and general characteristics. A shape is created when an artist draws an outline with a pencil or colour and defines the space on paper. Thus a shape denotes the enclosed space with a particular lenghth and breadth. Shapes are generally two – dimensional such as circle, square, triangle etc. Shapes can be geometric (square, circle, triangle etc.) or organic (leaf, flower, water drop etc.). Form is a three dimensional object or a defined volume in space. Forms could also be categorized as geometric or organic in nature. Shape can be created by filling space with colour or shading work. When an illusion of depth and volume is created with the help of lines, shading, colour, texture etc. it becomes a three dimensional shape. In its two dimensional form it has no volume or depth but only an illusion of it. Thus, light and shade create a three-dimensional effect on a two-dimensional object.
Shape and Space
Space is limitless and infinite. The earth revolves in space. It has a defined form. Similarly in drawing, sculpture and architecture a specific part of space gets defined. A space thus limits a portion of space.
• An occupied space in a
defined space: Shape
• If the shape from the defined space is removed the defined open space in the defined frame also becomes a shape.
When an artist divides the space in the picture frame with any shape of his choice he creates two shapes. The shapes and the open space in a picture share a close relationship. The concept of positive and negative space helps to distinguish between the open spaces and shapes.
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