Unit – II – (b) METHODS AND MATERIALS OF PAINTING –MEDIUMS
Questions and Answers
Very short Answer Type Questions
Q.1) Define the following terms
(1) Painting (2) Medium (3) Pigment (4) Binder (5) Dry medium (6) Wet medium (7) Pencil (8) Charcoal (9)Pastel (10) Oil pastel (11) Watercolours (12) Poster Colours (13) Transparent Colours (14) Opaque Colours
(1)Painting. Painting is the practice of applying paint or pigment to a solid surface.
(2)Medium. "Art Medium" refers to the art materials or artist supplies used to create a work of art. Basically, it's whatever you use to make a mark upon a surface.
(3)Pigment. Pigment is a material is a material that changes the colour of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption of light. Pigment is the substance in a paint or dye that gives its colour.
(4)Binder. Binder is a substance that holds the particles of pigment together in paint or any art medium.
(5)Dry medium. The materials that do not contain any liquid such as oil or water are called dry media. Further, dry media do not require any kind of liquid in their application on the surface.
(6)Wet medium. Wet media refers to the materials which contain liquid such as oil water etc. in them. Further, the materials which use any liquid such as water, oil etc. in their application is called wet media.
(7)Pencil. A pencil is an implement for writing or drawing which is constructed of a narrow pigment core in a protective casing (covering).
(8)Charcoal. Artist’s charcoal is a form of dry art medium made of finely grinded organic materials (organic means relating to or derived from living matter) which are held together by a gum or wax binder.
(9)Pastel. A pastel is an art medium in the form of a stick, consisting of pure powdered pigment and a binder.
(10) Oil pastel. Oil pastel is a painting and drawing medium with characteristics similar to pastels and wax crayons.
(11) Watercolours. Watercolour is a painting method in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in water – based solution.
(12) Poster Colours. A poster colour is a water-soluble paint consisting of a colour pigment mixed with a binder such as glue or gum to give it a dull finish.
(13) Transparent colours. If one can see what is below the painting, then that paint is just the opposite of opaque, it is transparent.
(14) Opaque colours. A paint colour is said to be opaque when it hides what's underneath it.
Short Answer Questions
Q.1) What is painting? What do we require for painting?
Ans-: Painting is the practice of applying paint or pigment to a solid surface. The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush, but other implements such as knives, sponges and airbrushes can also be used. In art, the term painting refers to both the act and the result of the action. The base support for painting includes surfaces such as wall, paper, canvas, wood, glass and pottery, leaf, copper and concrete.
Q.2) What do you understand by dry medium? Give some examples.
Ans-: The materials that do not contain any liquid such as oil or water are called dry media. Further, dry media do not require any kind of liquid in their application on the surface. Pencil, charcoal, chalk, pastels, wax crayons etc. are some of the dry media.
Q.3) What do you understand by wet medium? Give some examples.
Ans-: Wet media refers to the materials which contain liquid such as oil water etc. in them. Further, the materials use any liquid such as water, oil etc. in their application are called wet media. Watercolours, poster colours, oil colours, acrylic colours, gouache colours etc. are some of the wet media in painting.
Q.4) What is a Charcoal? How is it made?
Ans-: Artist’s charcoal is a form of dry art medium made of finely grinded organic materials (organic means relating to or derived from living matter) which are held together by a gum or wax binder. The charcoal can also be produced without the use of binders by eliminating oxygen during the burning.
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