Unit – II – (a) METHODS AND MATERIALS OF PAINTING – TOOLS
Questions and Answers
Very short Answer Type Questions
Q. 1) What are the categories of materials of painting?
Ans: The materials of painting can be broadly classified into 3 categories:
(A) Tools (B) Surfaces and (C) Medium.
Q. 2) Define the following
(1) Tools of Art
(2) Surfaces for painting
(4) Hand-held Sharpener
(1)Tools of Art - Tools of art are the physical materials used to create the artwork which we see without leaving any mark on the surface. Further no part of the tool is supplied to surface.
(2)Surfaces for painting - When we speak of a surface for painting we mean the surface which absorbs the paint or a colour. In other words, a surface is that part of a painting which receives colour on it.
(3)Eraser - An eraser is an article of stationery that is used for removing marks from paper. Eraser is used to rub off a mistake made in a pencil drawing.
(4)Pencil Sharpener - A pencil sharpener is a mechanical gadget used for sharpening pencils by shaving the casing and the core of the wooden pencil until it shapes the point.
(5)Paintbrush- A paintbrush is a brush used to apply paint or sometimes ink to an underlying.
(6)Bristles - Bristles are the hairy part of the brush which transfer paint onto an underlying surface. Bristles can be natural or synthetic.
(7)Ferrule- Ferrule connects the bristles with the handle and is also used to hold the brush like a pen in case of minute strokes.
(8)Crimp- Crimp is the pressed part of the ferrule that secures it to the handle.
Q.3) Define the following
(1) Round Brushes
(2) Flat Brushes
(3) Bright Brushes
(4) Filbert Brushes
(5) Fan Brushes
(6) Angular Brushes
(1) Round Brushes: Round brushes have a pointed tip, long closely arranged bristles for detail. The number of bristles can vary as per the thickness and ability to hold colour.
(2) Flat Brushes: A flat brush is, as the name would suggest, one where the bristles are arranged so that the brush is quite wide but not very thick.
(3) Bright Brushes: Bright brushes are short flat brushes with short stiff bristles, good for driving paint into the weave of a canvas in thinner paint applications, as well as thicker painting styles like impasto work.
(4) Filbert Brushes: Filbert brushes are flat brushes with domed ends. They allow good coverage and the ability to perform some detail work.
(5) Fan Brushes: A fan brush is a fan-shaped brush used for giving textures like clouds and leaves with dry brushing. They are also used for blending broad areas of paint.
(6) Angular Brushes: Angular brush is convenient for curved strokes like in calligraphy and filling corners.
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